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Back to school ramp begins

Our weekly sports apparel data showed meaningful sequential and year over year changes.  In the absence of consistent quantitative and anecdotal evidence that true underlying demand has improved, we believe the calendar impact of a ramping back to school selling season is underway.  With that said, the trends on both a sequential and year over year basis are encouraging.  Additionally, the consistency in the sporting goods channel over the past three weeks suggests that volatility is in check.  With more moderate weekly ups and downs, inventory planning and promotional cadence should be easier to manage and inventory risk should be muted.


The overall industry reported a positive week (albeit just north of flat), with trends increasing in most channels of distribution.  On the downside, while still positive, the sporting goods retailers decelerated.   On an absolute growth basis, full-line sporting goods reported a positive week, offset by weakness in the athletic/urban specialty stores.  Regionally, we saw strength on the West coast for the second week in a row with sales up 28%.  The eastern seaboard was quite the opposite, with double digits declines for the week.  Average price point changes were mixed across channels as discount/mass retailers showed the biggest sequential decline in ASPs, while the sporting goods and family channels were relatively stable.  This data confirms that the promotional environment remains rational- at least for now in the very early stages of the back to school season.


Back to school ramp begins - Sports Apparel Table

Back to school ramp begins - Sports Apparel   sales

Back to school ramp begins - Sports Apparel ASP chart



Adidas/Nike 'Disaster Gap'

Results are still abysmal based on every metric I use, and it's an insult to Nike to stack the two against one another. But I think that Adidas finally hitting bottom is a net positive for both.



The ‘Disaster Gap’ between Nike and Adidas is narrowing. Let’s not mince words here…Adidas’ results are abysmal. Sales down 3%, EBIT –63% and EPS – 94%.  But a key takeaway is that it has narrowed the gap with Nike when looking at the rate of change from 13 weeks ago.


This is best evidenced by overlaying each company’s trajectory on our SIGMA chart (time series triangulation of sales, inventories and margins). Adi is still in the ‘death zone’ where inventories are growing too fast and margins are down. But it is clear that we’ve seen the bottom, as the rate of change is improving on the margin (sales-inventory spread going from -30% to -14%, and margins ONLY down 5 points instead of -8.5 pts).


Adidas/Nike 'Disaster Gap' - 8 5 2009 11 21 49 AM 

I’m mixed on this as it relates to Nike. Why? Ordinarily I’d like a desperate competitor as it would presumably give the stronger player the opportunity to step in, take it on the chin, and go on complete offense to crush the competition. Long term, that’d be ideal, and short term it would hurt. Understanding that is traditionally a great way to make money in this name. The problem is that as fiercely competitive as Nike is, it does not think about ‘crushing the competition’. It beats to its own drum. A weak competitor (i.e. Adi with an extra hundred million in inventory) acting desperately is problematic for Nike. A less desperate Adidas (which, mind you, at about $15bn vs. Nike at $18bn is larger than most US investors think) eases potential margin pressure from Nike.


As a sidenote, check out the quality gap between the two companies in the chart. Nike is so dang tight – managing a sales/inventory spread between a band of +5% and -5% and margins between +2 and -2pts yy. Adidas can’t even compare.

JACK – Comments from JACK

The following comments are taken from the JACK 10Q

 “Sales during the quarter started off strong but deteriorated significantly near the end of the quarter. System same-store sales at Qdoba restaurants decreased 2.0% year-to-date compared with a year ago as the macroeconomic environment continued to affect consumer spending at restaurants with higher check averages.”

Plus….   New guidance Q4 FY 2009 guidance

2.5%- 4.5% same-store sales decrease at Jack in the Box company restaurants versus a 0.8% decrease in the year-ago quarter - which is lapping an easier comp than 3Q.

Confuses me as to why stock is up even with better YOY margin

These comments have obvious implications for our cautious stance on CKE Restaurants…..

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Retail First Look: 8/5/09


05 AUGUST 2009




  • DSW’s secret designer shipment has been leaked and will be revealed to the public on Thursday.  Recall that the company highlighted the “opportunistic” purchase with first quarter earnings.  While we can’t vouch for the age of the merchandise until we see it, the buzz suggests there will be shoes, handbags, luggage, and belts at select locations.  And the mystery brand is…Gucci.  Maybe the heavy radio advertising and deeply discounted Italian goods will help drive traffic and ultimately an improvement in same store sales. 


  • While most domestic brands focused on China expansion have traditionally planted the seeds in the major cities, Iconix is taking a slightly different approach.  Over the next three years, the company expects to have over 500 stores in China between Rampage, London Fog, and Rocawear.  Interestingly, ICON’s growth strategy is centered on the masses with distribution focused on densely populated, but non-major cities.


  • Contrary to traditional grocers and discounters, Whole Foods is seeing early signs that the trend towards “trading down” may be easing.  Transaction count and basket size both showed sequential improvement in the quarter and the overall comp was the first sequential improvement in 6 quarters.  Interestingly, management commented that competitors have been deemphasizing organics in favor of increased focus on value.  As a result, increased supply and lower prices in the organic produce category benefitted Whole Foods’ on a gross profit dollar basis. 


  • In a rare example, True Religion management highlighted that some of its major customers (department stores) may have remained too conservative on inventory commitments in the quarter.  As a result, the company has been lobbying for more auto-replenishment programs to maintain adequate stocking levels.  Despite the challenging environment, the retailers have been receptive to the replenishment programs and are taking slightly more inventory to ensure in-stocks for the Fall season.




-EU protectionist actions pose as a serious obstacle for Indian exporters - Indian exporters are facing new challenges in view of EU's protectionism of offering subsidies to the local farmers and its non-tariff barriers on services exports, according to the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI). The India-EU Trade Relations in the post-recession period, Indian exporters are facing the adverse impact of the huge amount of subsidies enjoyed by EU farmers through free seeds and fertilizers and a freight subsidy to producers. In addition, they face cumbersome quality testing which increases the cost and time of Indian companies.  <fashionnetasia.com>


-Global demand from retail space declines - The demand for retail space has declined in most markets, with New Delhi reporting a 25% decline in the last six months. The capital city ranked 69th in rentals among the list of major cities across the world during the first quarter of 2009, says a survey by real-estate consultancy CB Richard Ellis. According to the report, Global Retail MarketView, the demand for retail space has declined across the world as consumers cut back on spending and unemployment continued to rise in many countries.  Emerging and less established markets have been most significantly affected. Buenos Aires saw the largest annual decline in retail rents year-on-year with a drop of 37% followed by Warsaw (33%) and Washington DC (26%). <thehindubusinessline.com>


-New legislation introduced which would provide duty-free treatment of apparel products from the Philippines - US Rep. Jim McDermott (Democrat-Washington) has recently introduced legislation that would provide duty-free or reduced duty treatment to certain apparel products from the Philippines that are generally not produced in the US. These products would be afforded duty-free treatment provided they are wholly assembled in the Philippines or the US and the component determining the article's tariff classification consists entirely of (i) fabric components cut in the US or the Philippines, or both, from fabric and yarns wholly formed in the US; (ii) components knit-to-shape in the US from yarns wholly formed in the US; or (iii) any combination of the fabric components or components knit-to-shape described in points (i) and (ii).  <fashionnetasia.com>


-Thursday Retail Sales Preview - Government subsidies may be moving the needle on new car and home sales, but also appear to have siphoned enough discretionary dollars to have hurt retailers' July sales. The 4.9% sale decline that Thomson Reuters expects would equal June's drop and indicate that demand for most retail goods, particularly apparel, is not being hoisted by government assistance. In addition to federal measures, including the hugely successful "Cash for Clunkers" auto program, and tax credits and low interest rates for certain home buyers, July was influenced by chilly weather, a dearth of tax-free holidays, still-high unemployment and, in some cases, limited inventories that meant missed purchases. Investors should look out for companies that may issue second-quarter warnings in tandem with their softer sales since they now have the full picture for the quarter. American Eagle Outfitters Inc. (AEO) and Zumiez Inc. (ZUMZ) may lower expectations, some analysts said. J.C. Penney Co. (JCP), Kohl's Corp. (KSS) and Aeropostale Inc. (ARO) are receiving the most predictions from analysts when it comes to lifting their views. Still, retailers are looking at continued softness across the board, with teen apparel and department stores pegged to see the biggest same-store-sales declines. Teen apparel retailers are expected to post a 10.5% decline, while department stores are expected to report a 9% drop. <online.wsj.com>


-Outdoor Industry Association survey sees negative outlook on Outdoor in 2009 - In a survey released today by Outdoor Industry Association (OIA), small businesses reported their revenue expectations for 2009 continue to fall and employment indicators continue to decline. Bottom line: Outdoor businesses have a more negative view about recovery than they did in the fall of 2008 or in the spring of 2009. <sportsonesource.com>


-European Retail Sales Decline More Than Estimated as Companies Shed Jobs - European retail sales fell more than economists forecast in June as companies fired workers to survive the recession, making consumers hesitant to shop. <bloomberg.com/news>


-Collective Licensing International has a Vision - Collective Licensing announced that it had relaunched the Vision Street Wear skate brand with a line of shoes for men, women and children. The line, available this month, is being sold exclusively at Finish Line stores. “Partnering with a leading athletic retailer such as Finish Line ensures that our brand reaches our core consumers looking for the perfect combination of performance and style,” Bruce Pettet, president and CEO of Collective Licensing, said in the release. “Finish Line is the ideal venue to launch Vision Street Wear. They have the same passion for high-quality, premium brands.” <wwd.com/footwear-news>


-Skechers USA President not letting Shape-Ups shoes fall to a flexible price point - In a letter to retailers sent earlier last week, Skechers USA President Michael Greenberg referenced a letter sent to all retail partners in January in which a $100 per pair minimum resale price for Shape-Ups was established.  The latest letter, dated July 29, notes that the mandatory minimum resale price for Shape-Ups was being set at the minimum resale price reflected on the wholesale line sheets.  He also indicated that the product should be “excluded from all promotions, discounts, ‘buy-one-get-one’s,’ and any other off-price vehicle that would reduce the selling price below the mandatory minimum resale price.”  Skechers will, however, permit “occasional pricing specials” and “set window periods” so retailers can “clear obsolete styles and colors.”<sportsonesource.com>


-Hanesbrands and Naturally Advanced Technologies team up - Naturally Advanced Technologies Inc. has entered into a multiphase joint development agreement with Hanesbrands Inc.,that will allow Crailar(R) Organic Fibers technology to be processed for use in commercial apparel knit products made by Hanesbrands. NAT, using technology developed with and licensed from The National Research Council of Canada (NRC), and Hanesbrands, a leading producer and marketer of innerwear, outerwear and hosiery apparel, will retrofit existing dying equipment at a Hanesbrands facility to develop a commercially viable use of the 100 percent organic fiber. <prnewswire.com>


-Pony drops Nike "V" lawsuit - Pony Inc. withdrew its trademark lawsuit against Nike Inc. Tuesday, noting the disputed “V is for Victory” marketing campaign had been wrapped up. Pony has used a chevron to mark its work for over 35 years and argued in an April 3 suit filed in San Diego federal court that Nike’s campaign amounted to trademark infringement, trademark dilution and unfair competition.  <wwd.com/business-news>


-Tom O’Riordan has stepped down as CEO of American Sporting Goods. According to O’Riordan, when he joined the company in March 2007, he was tasked with positioning the company’s portfolio of brands — which includes Avia, And1 and Ryka — for an eventual sale of the company. When a sale seemed unlikely, the former Fila America CEO decided it was time to leave. <wwd.com/footwear-news>


-Designers work with Target  on limited collections - Designing sisters Kate and Laura Mulleavy will be bringing their ethereal sensibility to a wider world when Target introduces Rodarte in December as part of its Go International series of limited collections. The 55-piece Rodarte line for Go International will launch at most Target stores nationwide and on target.com on Dec. 20, and will be available through Feb. 6. Prices for Target’s Go International Rodarte collection will range from $9.99 for knee-highs to $79.99 for a leopard print jacket. <wwd.com/retail-news>


-Gucci is hoping its temporary stores leave a lasting impression - Like other luxury retailers in the recession, Gucci is looking for high-impact, lower-cost methods of generating interest in the brand, especially among style leaders who may not be moved by conventional forms of advertising. Gucci Icon-Temporary is that method. The flash sneaker store will touch down in six or seven locations around the world where tastemakers gather, such as Art Basil Miami Beach, staying open for two or three weeks in each spot. The first stop on the tour will be Crosby Street in SoHo on Oct. 23. Other stops will include London, Berlin, Paris, Hong Kong and Tokyo. <wwd.com/retail-news>


-James Blake apparel line - James Blake will have more than just his serve on his mind when the U.S. Open kicks off in Flushing, N.Y., on Aug. 31. He’s also using the tournament as the opportunity to launch his new men’s apparel collection with Fila. Blake, 29, who switched sponsors from Nike to Fila in January, will debut the Thomas Reynolds Collection on Aug. 15 at Lord & Taylor, Paragon Sporting Goods, select Dick’s Sporting Goods and tennis specialty stores including Masons Tennis Mart and Tenniswarehouse.com. The line, which sports an R-dot logo, is named after Blake’s father, Thomas Reynolds Blake, who died in 2004 after battling lung and stomach cancer.  <wwd.com/menswear-news>


RESEARCH EDGE PORTFOLIO: (Comments by Keith McCullough): TGT

08/04/2009 03:10 PM


My timing here was awful this time (re-shorted 7/13 before the mkt ripped), and I just posted on this better than expected savings rate. Booking the loss. KM



Retail First Look: 8/5/09 - SV 8 5 09



We think that Melco will miss street expectation when they report this Thursday.  However, the CoD commentary will be positive since the property has ramped nicely, albeit with high hold %. 


We’ve been positive on MPEL (see “BUY THE RAMP UP, SELL THE RAMP DOWN”, of 07/16/2009) since right after City of Dreams (CoD) tanked its first two weeks.  The stock is up 43% over the last 3 weeks on the strong CoD rebound.  We would caution investors that while we still feel the property is on a ramp up, the July numbers indicate that a lot of the July revenue bounce was hold related.



-For MPEL’s Q2, we’re at $217MM of revenues (4% below consensus) and a loss of $13MM of EBITDA (vs. Street at $2MM) for 2Q09.

-We estimate that Altira will report $172MM of net revenue and $8MM of EBITDA.

  • The drop off in EBITDA is due to low hold, which we estimate to be around 2.5% for the quarter. As a reminder, commissions at this property are based on rolling chip volumes (as opposed to revenue share) so hold will be low but the junket payout is still high.
  • We estimate fixed expenses at Altira are roughly $25MM per quarter

-Our CoD projection is net revenues of $21MM and an EBITDA loss of 16MM

  • We were surprised when the company told investors that fixed costs were $23MM for the month of June, based on the number of employees, we expected a cost of $15MM for the month (using our number the EBITDA loss would be 9MM)
  • Our understanding is that, in June, some of the junket commissions were variable and some were fixed

-We estimate that Mocha Slots will report $24.5MM of revenue and 6.4MM of EBITDA

-We also assume $9MM of overhead.  Excluding pre-opening expenses, we assume a loss a of 16 cents this quarter


Thoughts on July #’s and Melco’s pre-release

While CoD demonstrated impressive growth in the month of July, we would note that some of the growth is not sustainable and low “quality”. We estimate that about $37MM of revenues came from abnormally high hold.  Given the “fixed” commission caps at the property, 60% of this revenue directly flows down to EBITDA.

  • While we aren’t going to complain about the growth, we would have been a lot happier if it came on the “Mass” side, after all, City of Dreams is supposed to be a premium mass property. In July, 83% of the revenues came from VIP. 
  • Please see “JULY GOT HOTTER IN MACAU” which we put out yesterday, where we talk about July trends in further detail.

Despite noting that VIP hold was only a little above “normal” in July, hold was not normal at either property

  • CoD held very high, while Altira held pretty poorly
    • At CoD that extra hold drops to the bottom line, ex-taxes given the fixed 1.25% commission rate
    • We would also note that Altira experienced “abnormally” low hold in 6 of the 9 quarters since it opened
      • 4 of the 9 quarters had hold below 2.5%, while 2 had hold in the 2.6-2.7% range, despite this small fact Melco raised the “normal” range to 2.85% from 2.75%

So while trends in July were definitely positive, before we all high–five each other, we’d like to see the “money” in Mass and some sustainable hold data that we can put a multiple on.



Over the long term we are bullish on Macau, as it is one of the few markets with excess demand.  Beijing will continue to control the market growth, but growth will be positive.  Same store Mass market growth, on the other hand, will be decidedly negative since Beijing’s target mid-single digit market growth will not offset 20%+ Mass table supply growth later this year and into 2010.  However, MPEL added a lot of the supply so they are less susceptible to market share losses.

Once the difficult credit comparisons are lapped in the 3Q09, we think the VIP market will begin to grow as well.  We also believe that there can be substantial upside if the government decides to lower the gaming tax rate and if the Yuan is pegged away from the dollar. 



Until growth resumes in the in VIP market, we believe that Altira’s EBITDA generation will be capped at about $20MM per quarter (subject to hold of course).  When the entire market begins to grow, we think that Altira may be able to eventually get to the $90- $100MM EBITDA range. We do not believe that the property will see $163MM of EBITDA again unless the tax rate gets cut in Macau.


City of Dreams

There is some confusion over what the fixed costs should be at this property once Hyatt opens.  Hopefully, management will provide some color on Thursday.  Based on the “$23MM” figure in June, management implied approximately $90MM per quarter in fixed costs once the Hyatt is fully opened.  However, based what we know the fixed costs to be at operating properties in Macau, our guess is that fixed costs will move closer to $60MM per quarter over time.  Based on this assumption, we think that CoD will be able to produce $175MM of EBITDA in 2010, and eventually ramping to the low to mid 200MM range.

MPEL 3Q09:  We’re at $70MM of EBITDA and $492MM of revenues, which is materially higher than the street, which probably hasn’t updated their numbers for high hold and flow-through

Cash For Clangers

"Not everything that is faced can be changed. But nothing can be changed until it is faced."
~ James Baldwin

Although the title of this note implies I may be teeing myself up for another rant about monkeys clanging for bananas, I’ll spare you my attempt at a zookeeper’s humor. I’m going to shift the Washington/Wall Street global macro debate this morning to a much more sophisticated place – a children’s television series.
Our subscribers in the UK will need no introduction here, but The Clangers are an iconic musical band of British characters who originated from the series of “Noggin” books. Yes, to all you Mom’s and Dad’s out there – you know Noggin! – it’s the network of Dora The World Peace Explorer and Sheila Bair’s best buds, Go Go Goldman Geithner.
Although the US government refuses to face the fiddle on this, the Buck continues to Burn. The US Dollar Index is trading down for the 5th consecutive week, hitting new year-to-date lows yet again this morning. Meanwhile, the Three Willfully Blind mice (Bernanke, Summers, Geithner) say nothing about the common man’s currency.
According to Wikipedia, “The Clangers looked similar to mice, anteaters and, from their pink colour, pigs. They wore clothes reminiscent of Roman armour and spoke in whistles”…  Cash for the Compromised and Conflicted Clangers who are debasing our Currency - ah the alliteration…
My submission is that our children will look back on this period in American history for what it is – amazing and ridiculous, all at the same time. We wake up to a Treasury Secretary clanging the alarm bells that Sheila Bair needs to fall in line and let the Federal Reserve oversee this entire gong show. We wake up to Larry Summers not saying a word about the currency his economic team is at least supposed to attempt to support. We need to wake up this morning and seriously smell the coffee here.
Get your local 200-day Moving Monkey to pull up a 38-year chart of the US Dollar (1971 is when Nixon abandoned the gold standard, officially making the US Dollar the world’s currency reserve whereby bankers have had the almighty powers to create limitless leverage). That clanging monkey will quickly come to realize that there is no support for the US Dollar other than the only reference point that remains – the 38-year LOW that we established last year BEFORE the US stock market crashed.
The Clangers would rather spend their time talking about another $2B in socialized aid for clunkers this morning than address this point. At the same time you have Wall Street analysts waiving off one of the bastions of what was once American corporate credibility (General Electric) having to pay $50M for fudging their numbers as a “small sum for GE.” Non-fictional stories do have inconvenient truths…
Think about that thing the Rolling Stone dude said was wrapped around the face of humanity for a second and think some more. The Clangers are running around this country accusing the Chinese of “manipulating” their numbers as they continue to crush whatever credibility we have left. Again, history has a hard core way of writing herself long after the impacts of these political decisions have been made. For everything that happens to this country between now and that, the best investment advice I can give you is this – pray.
Hope and prayer are a cornerstone of many people’s lives, but hope is not an investment process. If The Clangers think for one more second that the American public is stupid, this is only going to get ugly. This morning’s weekly read on US Consumer confidence (the ABC/Washington Post weekly poll) quantifies this point. As the US stock market makes daily and weekly highs, Obama’s approval ratings and the American consumer confidence that backs it continue to threaten to make new lows.
Politicians, Bankers, and Debtors are all under the same short term gun here – if the Clangers don’t Burn The Buck, not one of these three core constituencies gets paid. As those recipients of a crashing currency frolic in their “Roman armours and speak in whistles”, there are two big losers here: America’s Creditor (China) and her Common Man.
Part of yesterday’s intraday stock market recovery was based on the US Savings rate dropping from a 14-year high of 6.2% to 4.6%. This launched a squid onto the face of the super duper smart short seller of everything American consumer. Trust me, I shorted the US Consumer Discretionary ETF (XLY) a few days ago – I get the pain trade.
America’s New Reality remains: if the Clangers are going to give away cash and keep interest rates at this fictional storytelling level of ZERO, guess what? People won’t save!
If you always keep in mind who gets paid, your macro conclusions will be far less trivial than Go Go Geithner and Burning Buck Bernanke’s current Depression paralysis. The Bank of England’s chief, Mervyn King, is signaling to the global macro crowd that he is done with Quantitative Easing. This comes on the heels of the world’s most competent central banker, Glenn Stevens at the Reserve Bank of Australia, signaling that his next move is to take interest rates up.
This Noggin Horse has left the barn folks. Reflation’s Rotation is in motion. Come Q4, reported inflation will be upon us here in the USA, as will Ben Bernanke chasing his own Clanger tail right up the slope of the yield curve that continues up into the right.
My immediate term TRADE target for the SP500 is 1,006 and my downside support moves to a higher-high at 986.
Best of luck out there today,


XLV– SPDR Healthcare Healthcare has really struggled over the course of the last four days giving us a reasonable re-entry point. Buying red.  

CAF – Morgan Stanley China Fund A closed-end fund providing exposure to the Shanghai A share market, we use CAF tactically to ride the wave of returning confidence among domestic Chinese investors fed by the stimulus package. To date the Chinese have shown leadership and a proactive response to the global recession, and now their number one priority is to offset contracting external demand with domestic growth.

QQQQ – PowerShares NASDAQ 100 With a pullback in the best looking US stock market index (Nasdaq) on 7/24, we bought Qs. The index includes companies with better balance sheets that don’t need as much financial leverage.

CYB – WisdomTree Dreyfus Chinese Yuan The Yuan is a managed floating currency that trades inside a 0.5% band around the official PBOC mark versus a FX basket. Not quite pegged, not truly floating; the speculative interest in the Yuan/USD forward market has increased dramatically in recent years. We trade the ETN CYB to take exposure to this managed currency in a managed economy hoping to manage our risk as the stimulus led recovery in China dominates global trade.

TIP– iShares TIPS The iShares etf, TIP, which is 90% invested in the inflation protected sector of the US Treasury Market currently offers a compelling yield on TTM basis of 5.89%. We believe that future inflation expectations are currently mispriced and that TIPS are a compelling way to own yield on an inflation protected basis, especially in the context of our re-flation thesis.

GLD – SPDR Gold - Buying back the GLD that we sold higher earlier in June on 6/30. In an equity market that is losing its bullish momentum, we expect the masses to rotate back to Gold.  We also think the glittery metal will benefit in the intermediate term as inflation concerns accelerate into Q4.


XLP – SPDR Consumer StaplesWith the US dollar looking to put in an immediate term low, this sector’s recent “theme” of being a weak USD beneficiary should dampen.

XLI – SPDR IndustrialsWe don’t want to be long financial leverage, which is baked into Industrials.

EWI – iShares ItalyItalian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has made headlines for his private escapades, and not for his leadership in turning around the struggling economy. Like its European peers, Italian unemployment is on the rise and despite improved confidence indices, industrial production is depressed and there are faint signs, at best, that the consumer is spending. From a quantitative set-up, the Italian ETF holds a substantial amount of Financials (43.10%), leverage we don’t want to be long of.

DIA  – Diamonds Trust- We shorted the financial geared Dow on 7/10 and 8/3, which is finally overbought.

EWJ – iShares Japan –We’re short the Japanese equity market via EWJ on 5/20. We view Japan as something of a Ponzi Economy -with a population maintaining very high savings rate whose nest eggs allow the government to borrow at ultra low interest levels in order to execute stimulus programs designed to encourage people to save less. This cycle of internal public debt accumulation (now hovering at close to 200% of GDP) is anchored to a vicious demographic curve that leaves the Japanese economy in the long-term position of a man treading water with a bowling ball in his hands.

XLY – SPDR Consumer Discretionary As Reflation morphs into inflation, the US Consumer Discretionary rally will run out of its short squeeze steam. We shorted XLY on 7/9, 7/22, and 8/3.

SHY – iShares 1-3 Year Treasury Bonds – If you pull up a three year chart of 2-Year Treasuries you'll see the massive macro Trend of interest rates starting to move in the opposite direction. We call this chart the "Queen Mary" and its new-found positive slope means that America's cost of capital will start to go up, implying that access to capital will tighten. Yields are going to continue to make higher-highs and higher lows until consensus gets realistic.

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