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Client Talking Points

Bigger, Stronger

Let’s do the math again: Strong Dollar = Strong America = Stronger Global Consumption as commodities deflate post-inflation. The consumer spends more money when the prices come down at the supermarket and when gas prices aren’t an ARM and a LEG. Brent Crude Oil snapped out TRADE line of support at $117.61, meaning we have some room for downside in the commodities space while everyone else is busy getting dizzy over a couple handle move downward in the S&P yesterday. 

Asset Allocation


Top Long Ideas

Company Ticker Sector Duration

We believe ASCA will receive a higher bid from another gaming competitor. Our valuation puts ASCA’s worth closer to $40.


With FedEx Express margins at a 30+ year low and 4-7 percentage points behind competitors, the opportunity for effective cost reductions appears significant. FedEx Ground is using its structural advantages to take market share from UPS. FDX competes in a highly consolidated industry with rational pricing. Both the Ground and Express divisions could be separately worth more than FDX’s current market value, in our view.


HOLX remains one of our favorite longer-term fundamental growth companies given growing penetration of its 3D Tomo platform and high leverage to the 2014 Insurance Expansion from the Affordable Care Act.

Three for the Road


“At LAX they estimate 15 percent of wheelchair requests are just people trying to jump the security” -@TimAeppel


“If you don't know where you are going, you will probably end up somewhere else.” -Laurence J. Peter



ABI and DOJ – Keep Talking Guys – Trial Suspended as Parties Negotiate

Yesterday, in a joint filing, ABI InBev and the Department of Justice requested that the legal proceedings between the two parties be suspended until March 19.  It’s a positive development, as it means the parties have been and continue to work toward a negotiated end to the dispute.  We have had no doubt that the parties were talking and at this point we suspect the discussions are solely focused on getting the DOJ comfortable with the new deal structure.  Our view is that the transaction as currently contemplated addresses substantially all of the concerns expressed by the DOF in its initial filing.


There was some speculation yesterday that the DOJ was uncomfortable with STZ as the buyer of the Grupo Modelo assets, a concern that was expressed in the initial filing.  Justice is likely worried about internal documents that suggest that STZ would be likely/willing to raise prices on the Modelo brands, a strategy that represents a break with the recent actions of Modelo.


We see these concerns as misplaced, to be kind and idiotic, to be truthful, for the following reasons:

  1. Modelo’s pricing strategy (share gains vs. pricing) can be changed at any time, and isn’t written in stone
  2. STZ had no incentive to manage the brands for anything other than short-term profit given the prior structure and time frame of the Crown JV
  3. There is no guarantee that any other buyer would behave in substantially different fashion than the way DOJ assumes STZ would act
  4. Regardless, the idea that the pricing actions of Crown have represented some sort of braking mechanism on the other 94% of the industry strikes us as factually incorrect

We continue to believe that it is highly likely the new transaction gains DOJ approval and we view yesterday’s news as supportive of that position. 



Robert  Campagnino

Managing Director





Matt Hedrick

Senior Analyst

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Steve Keen and Private Sector Debt

“The Great Recession was not an unpredictable ‘Black Swan’ event, but an almost blindingly obvious certainty.”

-Steve Keen


Yesterday was emblematic of the news flow that dominates today’s financial markets.  Speaker of the House, John Boehner, published a scathing op-ed in the Wall Street Journal that criticized President Obama over the looming sequester, calling it “a product of the president’s own failed leadership.”


Hours later, the Federal Reserve released the minutes from its January 29 – 30 Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting.  As soon as the robots read that “Many FOMC participants voiced concern about risks of more QE,” gold gapped down, the USD jumped, and stocks slid into the close.


These are the days of our centrally-planned lives.

Given the undeniable impact that both monetary and fiscal policies have on the disposable income in your pocket, the interest earned on your life’s savings, and the asset prices in your portfolios, it’s fair to ask some tough questions of those making the decisions:

  • What caused the financial crisis and subsequent “Great Recession” which we are still mired in (as a reminder, US real GDP was -0.1% in 4Q12)?
  • Why didn’t you see the crisis coming?
  • What are you doing to lift us out of the current recessionary-like environment, and why do you believe these policies will work?

At 2PM EST today, the Hedgeye Macro Team will host a conference call for institutional clients with economist Steve Keen to get his views on those questions and more.  Email if you would like to participate in the call.


Professor Keen predicted the financial crisis as long ago as 2005, and was recognized by his peers for his work when he received the Revere Award from the Real-World Economics Review for “being the economist who most cogently warned of the crisis, and whose work is most likely to prevent future crises” (Keen 2011).  He collected twice as many votes as the runner-up, Nouriel Roubini.  His book Debunking Economics and other works are super-critical of mainstream economics (“neoclassical” economics – think Bernanke and Krugman), and succinctly describe his own theories on monetary macroeconomics, which are built on the foundations of money, banks, debt, instability, and complexity.


Professor Keen quips, “Bernanke’s Essays on the Great Depression is near the top of my stack of books that indicate how poorly neoclassical economists understand capitalism,” and that “Krugman himself is unlikely to stop walking on two hind legs – he enjoys standing out in the crowd of neoclassical quadrupeds” (Keen 2011).  Professor Keen likes to take shots at Bernanke and Krugman…  Sounds like a Hedgeye kind of guy!


One topic that Professor Keen is an expert on that is generally absent from macroeconomic discussion is the relationship between private sector debt and growth.  Debt of any kind – government, financial, mortgage, credit card – is often ignored in mainstream economics due to the argument that “one man’s liability is another man’s asset,” so that the total level of debt has no economic impact (which Keen refutes).  It was really only after Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff published their New York Times Bestseller This Time is Different, and sovereign bond yields in Europe’s periphery started to spike, that economists and market participants began speaking to the aggregate level of debt more seriously, but it was often only government debt.


The now widely-held opinion is that excessive sovereign debt will eventually impede growth.  But Professor Keen has empirically demonstrated that this claim is too simplistic, and fails to explain why public debt increases in the first place.


Consider that in 2007 US public debt was less than 60% of GDP, while private sector debt was 300% of GDP, up from 110% in 1980.  A massive private sector debt bubble grew for nearly 30 years while public sector debt remained fairly constant (see our Chart of the Day below).  It was only after the private debt bubble burst in 2008 that public sector debt began to lever up.  Why?


The correlation (2000 – present) between private debt and unemployment is -0.94.  The correlation between government debt and unemployment is +0.82. 


In a recession tax payers lose jobs and go on some type of welfare – for a government that equates to tax receipts down and outlays up.  To fund the delta, the government borrows.  In 2007, US government revenues were 18.5% of GDP; that fell to 15.1% of GDP by 2009 and only recovered to 15.8% of GDP in 2012.  On the other side of the ledger, outlays were 19.7% of GDP in 2007 and jumped to 25.2% of GDP in 2009 – the majority of that increase was “mandatory” outlays.  In fact, only 36% of US government spending is deemed “discretionary,” and 17% is discretionary “non-defense.” 


The point is that public sector debt is reactionary.  While it’s popular to deride politicians about mounting debts and deficits (and indeed politicians do this to each other), they have less control than most know.  Increasing public sector debt is the symptom, not the disease.  The disease is a private sector debt bubble that bursts, and is slowly deflating from a still very high level (~240% of GDP today).


The blame lies with the economists that allowed, and in fact assisted, the private sector debt bubble to grow to a dangerous, unsustainable level (because debt doesn’t matter in their models) – the same economists that are today charged with cleaning up the mess.


In describing “The Great Moderation,” Bernanke said in 2004, “Improved monetary policy has likely made an important contribution not only to the reduced volatility of inflation but to the reduced volatility of output as well.”


Does Bernanke and co. still believe their monetary policies to be a panacea?  Probably.  But how can they solve for the crisis if they continue to ignore its cause – a heavily-indebted, deleveraging private sector?


Professor Keen believes that we could be in for many years of a drawn out deflationary crisis, as private debt is still ignored in public policy.  We hope he’s wrong about that, but are looking forward to learning more from Professor Keen on our call with him today. 


Our immediate-term Risk Ranges for Gold, Oil (Brent), US Dollar, USD/YEN, UST 10yr Yield, and the SP500 are now $1 (bearish/oversold), $112.94-115.89, $80.29-80.99, 92.64-94.36, 1.97-2.05% and 1, respectively.


Kevin Kaiser

Senior Analyst


Steve Keen and Private Sector Debt - el chart


Steve Keen and Private Sector Debt - vp 2.21

Going Global

This note was originally published at 8am on February 07, 2013 for Hedgeye subscribers.

“We have to remember we're in a global economy. The purpose of fiscal stimulus is not simply to sustain activity in our national economies, but to help the global economy as well, and that's why it's so critical that measures in those packages avoid anything that smacks of protectionism."

-Prime Minister Stephen Harper 


Next week Keith and I will be taking the show on the road to London.  Our top notch sales team has set up a great schedule and we will be engaging with 20+ of the largest investment firms in London.  Without a doubt, it will be interesting to get a sense for sentiment, outlook and flows from another continent. At the end of the week, we may even peak our heads into a pub.  (If you are a London based fund, we still have a few slots left so email if you want to set up a meeting.)


Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper knows a thing or two about free market capitalism.  In fact, Harper went so far as to export the head of his central bank, Mark Carney, to England.  As the newly anointed Governor of the Bank of England, Carney is already feeling the heat in British Parliament this morning in his first grilling.  On the topic of the Bank of England independence, Carney minutes stated:


“There is no question about my independence as governor of the Bank of England. There is a governance structure that has been put in place, there is an absolutely clear structure.”


So, if the politicians of England were looking for a patsy, it would seem, at least for now, Carney is not their man.


The benefit for Carney is that the U.K. appears to be starting to see stabilizing growth, even as the rest of Europe is still struggling.  The most recent British data point is December industrial trade production that was up 1.1% from November to December.  Certainly that’s not a growth statistic to get overly excited about, but on the back of U.K. home prices that were up 1.3% in January and January services PMI that was reported at 51.5.  Meanwhile, the Eurozone in total reported a PMI of 48.6, which signifies contraction.


Not surprisingly, the New York Times has been critical of Prime Minister David Cameron’s decision to get the fiscal house in order as a path to long term sustainable growth.  In fact, in a recent article titled, “God Save The British Economy”, Adam Davidson argues that Cameron’s decision to cut government spending to eliminate crowding out of the private sector has hurt the British economy vis-à-vis the American economy.


The funny thing is that in the fourth quarter of 2012 while the British economy shrank -0.3% sequentially, the U.S. economy didn’t fare much better at a -0.1% sequential decline.  Meanwhile, the U.K. has been steadily improving its fiscal situation with a debt-to-GDP of 88% versus the U.S. at 107%.  Whether you are a Keynesian or not, in the long run we all likely agree that the less government money that is used to service government debt, the better an economy will fare.


While I am on the topic, today is set to be an interesting day in Europe with the beginning of the two day EU summit kicking off in Brussels. Undoubtedly, a key topic will be the recent strength of the Euro, especially versus the Japanese Yen.  Perversely as both the Europeans and Japanese actively try to devalue, with both rhetoric and policy, it should be increasingly positive for the U.S. dollar and consumption in the U.S.  Consumption, of course, is 70% of the U.S. economy. 


In the short run, though, U.S. equities are starting to price in stabilization of economic growth.  To us, this looks like a spot to reduce some equity exposure and cover bonds and gold, especially with the SP500 up a quick 5%+ on the year and the VIX at 13.4.  Meanwhile, insiders, based on a report out yesterday, are selling at a level of 9.2:1, the highest level since the equity sell off in 2011.


On a company level, I wanted to highlight our short call yesterday on Gulf Port Energy, with the ticker GPOR.  Energy is followed by Senior Analyst Kevin Kaiser and put together a very thoughtful presentation of some 60 pages that walks through the history of the company and a sum-of-the-parts valuation.  The nut of it all is that we think GPOR is one of the better shorts in energy for the following reasons:


-          Sentiment is extremely positive with 15 buys and 1 hold, and the stock is trading at literally a 52-week high;

-          Former majority shareholder Wexford Capital has exited their entire position in GPOR;

-          Consensus numbers appear too high for this year and next (as evidenced by yesterday’s pre-release);

-          GPOR is expensive trading at $94 EV / proven reserves ($/boe) versus the peer group at $16; and

-          Our NAV valuation gets us to ~$22 per share versus the current stock price of ~$40.


Obviously, when you make a short call on a stock it raises the ire of some and interest of others. The beautiful thing about being Hedgeye is that we have no banking, trading, or asset management.  We get paid to simply generate compelling investment ideas and do great research.  A simple enough concept, though a concept not always embodied in the hallowed halls of Wall Street 1.0.


As Sigmund Freud once said:


"Flowers are restful to look at. They have neither emotions nor conflicts."

The Hedgeye research team is many things, but wall flowers they are not. Thankfully, we are also not conflicted.


Our immediate-term Risk Ranges for Gold, Oil (Brent), US Dollar, EUR/USD, USD/YEN, UST 10yr Yield, and the SP500 are now $1651-1686, $115.14-117.86, $79.41-79.99, $1.34-1.36, 91.93-94.31, 1.96-2.05%, and 1492-1517, respectively.


Keep your head up and stick on the ice,


Daryl G. Jones

Director of Research


Going Global - Chart of the Day


Going Global - Virtual Portfolio

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Risk Managed Long Term Investing for Pros

Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough handpicks the “best of the best” long and short ideas delivered to him by our team of over 30 research analysts across myriad sectors.