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REAL COST OF PRODUCING TIGHT OIL AND SHALE GAS: FACT VS. FICTION W/ SPECIALIST LEONARDO MAUGERI

REAL COST OF PRODUCING TIGHT OIL AND SHALE GAS: FACT VS. FICTION W/ SPECIALIST LEONARDO MAUGERI - Marketing Image vF

 

The Hedgeye Macro Team will be hosting a conference call next Tuesday, October 28th at 11:00am EDT on two misunderstood but heated topics in the energy space:

  1. The technological advances in oil and gas extraction from shale resources and its impact on the marginal cost of tight oil and shale gas production
  2. The opportunities and obstacles for U.S. participation in global LNG trade

On the call, we will be joined by specialist Leonardo Maugeri, former executive of Eni S.p.A., Italy's largest energy company. Dr. Maugeri is currently an associate with the Geopolitics of Energy Project and the Environment and Natural Resources Program at the Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.

 

CALL OBJECTIVES

  • Dispel the un-factual conclusions creating the wide variance in perceived production costs associated with U.S. shale plays with an analysis of the wide differences in production costs within just one shale play (regional analysis within Bakken). As a whole, consensus underestimates the technological and logistical advancement of oil and gas extraction from shale resources.
  • U.S. LNG is the most competitive of any non-traditional source globally, but because of all the essential infrastructural and logistical investments that must take place, current natural gas prices are a large burden for private investment.

 

CALL DETAILS

  • Toll Free Number:
  • Direct Dial Number:
  • Conference Code: 494176#
  • Materials: CLICK HERE (slides will be available approximately 1 hour prior to the call)

Ping for more information.

 

 

ABOUT LEONARDO MAUGERI

Dr. Maugeri is currently an Associate for the Environment and Natural Resources Program at Harvard's Geopolitics of Energy Project. Prior to his current post he held the title of Executive Chairman of Polimeri Europa, Eni's Petrochemical Branch, from March 2010-June 2011. Before Polimeri, Dr. Maugeri spent eight years as Senior Executive Vice President of Strategies and Development at Eni S.p.A. from 2000-2010.

 

Dr. Maugeri has gained recognition for researching and predicting the shale gas and tight oil boom In the early 2000s. He has written four books on energy including the following:

  • The Age of Oil: the Mythology, History, and Future of the World's Most Controversial Resource
  • Beyond the Age of Oil: The Myths and Realities of Fossil Fuels and Their Alternatives

In addition to his involvement in the Geopolitics of Energy Project, he is a member of MIT's External Advisory Board, an International Counselor of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington, D.C.), a member of the Global Energy Advisory Board of Accenture, and a senior fellow of the Foreign Policy Association (New York). 

 

Macro Team

 


UA - Market Share Math Matters

Takeaway: If people believed UA's guidance, it'd be a $35 stock. Need to justify nearly $2bn in extra market share to back into current valuation. No.

Conclusion: Can't say enough great things about UA executing on its model. But the reality is that long-term guidance and consensus estimates explain away $35 in stock price. Unfortunately, UA is at $65. To justify the other $30 per share in value, we need to assume that UA grabs nearly $2bn in market share globally above and beyond current expectations. While UA is definitely a long-term winner, the market already knows this. We're still watching it from the sidelines, but if we had to go one way or the other, we'd be short.

 

DETAILS

There's no company we can find that compares to UnderArmour as it relates to having such a disparity between market value and its competitive position.  To it's credit, UA has not only taken a page out of Nike's playbook, but it's the only brand to rewrite it, and execute on it year after year without missing a beat. In the first 30 years of Nike's life it was good for a foul-up every 2-3 years. UA is delivering the consistency that Nike never did. 

 

But the reality is that if the market believed UA's guidance or Street estimates, this would be a $35 stock. So there are really two questions from where we sit. 1) Does the company REALLY believe that the guidance it handed out for next year is for real (and not a colossal sandbag)? And 2) with the stock at $65, what are the market's real expectations for both market share and margins, which will implicitly explain-away the extra $30/share in equity value that the market is fronting UA.

 

The short answers are 1) No, UA does not believe its guidance, nor does the market. 2) By our math, the current share price suggests that UA will capture an incremental $1.95bn in revenue by 2018, or an extra 50bps of share, which sounds easy until you factor in that its current share base is only 1.0%.

 

Let's look holistically  at the company's market share.  We can pick apart the US share, including the fact that UA just surpassed Reebok and is now the sixth largest footwear brand with 3.0% share (Reebok at 2.8%). But we think that the better way to look at this is on a global scale. After all, growth is incrementally coming from  International, which nearly doubled in the quarter. 

 

The chart below shows three things; 1) UA Apparel/Footwear market share based on the company's guidance/consensus estimates, 2) Hedgeye's estimates for market share, and 3) the share UA needs to hit in order to justify a $65 stock price.  What does market share tell us about UA’s current valuation?

 

1) We definitely respect the 'execution premium' for a quality story like UA. But for a stock that's trading at 70x ’14 numbers we need to look at share assumptions.

2) First a few key points and assumptions.

a) Over the past 5 years UA has traded on average at 35x NTM earnings

b) The 5 year earnings CAGR over that time period has been 31%

c) The point here (and one of the assumptions in our long term model) is that UA has traded at a 1.1x PEG.

3) The global athletic footwear and apparel market was a $38.4 bil industry in 2013; including, Nike, Inc   (15%), AdiBok (10.8%), VFC (3.1%), KER (2.1%), and Asics (1.5%). UA currently sits in 8th place on that list at just over 1.0%. We think the industry will grow at a 6% CAGR over the next 5 years, but on top of that UA will have to accelerate market share gains considerably to justify the current price. From 2007 through 2013, UA stole an average of 11bps in market share per year. To be fair, the slop of the line has looked much more exponential than linear.

4) If we were to simply 'extend the trend' (which we don't do) and extrapolate past trends into the future,  then we get the gray column in the chart below.

5) The column shows our estimate, as UA will be paying up in Selling and Marketing to facilitate it's share gain.

6) The blue column represents what the market is baking in to UA's valuation right now, based on an EBIT margin midway between where UA and Nike are today.

7) All in, we're looking at $1.95bil in sales at the cash register. Assuming that 25%+ comes from UA's own DTC network, that shows up on the P&L at $1.5bil.

 

UA - Market Share Math Matters - UA market share

 

In our analysis, we assume that EBIT margins go up to 12% -- but never higher. The reality of UA's growth is that it is becoming increasingly expensive. Footwear is a massively consolidated space with higher barriers to entry.  International is lower margin due to the nature of distributor model UA is running. But more importantly, the brand needs to establish relevance with a few hundred million consumers who don't know it exists. That takes both time and capital. 

 

In addition, UA is getting to the point where it is playing more aggressively with the big boys in the Athlete endorsement game. Note that with Kevin Durant, UA's bid represented a 34% increase to its athlete endorsement budget. Nike, who 'won'/kept Durant, boosted its budget by about 1%. Nike and Adidas will continue to drive the price of these assets on a global scale, and UA increasingly can't afford not to play if it wants to grow its top line.

 

As it relates to our estimates, we're above the Street, which is entirely due to revenue growth. But our gross margins are considerably lower, and SG&A much higher than company guidance.

 

UA - Market Share Math Matters - ua financials 2


Cartoon of the Day: Yelp

Cartoon of the Day: Yelp - YELP cartoon 10.23.2014

 

Yelp stock is plunging today following this morning’s earnings report when management guided revenues lower for the fourth quarter. Hedgeye Internet analyst Hesham Shaaban has been the bear on Yelp all year long.

 

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A Close Look at the Jobless Claims Numbers

Takeaway: Here’s our take on this morning’s jobless claims report.

Seasonally-adjusted initial jobless claims rose +17K W/W to +283K with the 4-week rolling average improving to +281K – the lowest level since 5/5/2000. 

 

Non-seasonally adjusted claims, which we consider a more accurate representation of the underlying labor market trend, were better by -18% year-over-year (vs. -24% prior and -23% 2-wks prior) with the 4-wk rolling average improving to -18.4%. – the best rate of improvement since the immediate post-recession period in 2010. 

 

It’s worth noting that the recent improvement has come against increasingly easy comparisons in 2013 (see black line in chart below) and is likely to moderate from here. 

 

Summarily, while the domestic labor market data has remained somewhat of an insular island of strength in the global macro landscape in recent months, it continues to fire on 1.5 (of 2) cylinders as the separations side of the net hiring equation plumbs new lows while gross hirings remains more moderate.  

 

Sustained monthly payroll gains of ~250K with peak year-over-year growth in NFP employment of 2-2.5% have marked the top end of the range in recent market/economic cycles.   We remain proximate to both levels currently.  #PeaksAreProcesses

 

A Close Look at the Jobless Claims Numbers - Claims SA 102314


EVENT: YELP Flash Call Tomorrow (1pm EDT)

Takeaway: We'll be hosting a quick call rehasing our original our Short thesis, with incremental analysis, and outlook for 2015.

EVENT: YELP Flash Call Tomorrow (1pm EDT) - HE IM YELP death

Hedgeye's Internet & Media Team, led by Sector Head Hesham Shaaban, will be hosting an update call to their SHORT Yelp (YELP) Best Idea.  YELP's business model is broken; we're already seeing signs of deterioration, which will only get worse in 2015.

    

Join us as we update our bearish thesis and why we see an additional 30%+ downside from here tomorrow Friday, October 24th at 1:00pm EDT.

 

 

KEY TOPICS WILL INCLUDE  

  • Extreme Attrition Rate: It will only get worse from here
  • Insufficient TAM: YP.com is not the low-hanging fruit, it's a pipe dream
  • 2015 Will Be Much Worse: Consensus estimates are unattainable

PENN Q3 2014 CONF CALL NOTES

Takeaway: Q3 beat, conservative guidance, and Oct looks stronger

A more positive tone than recent calls

PREPARED COMMENTS/REMARKS:

 

Introductory Remarks

  • Despite challenging environment, solid results prudent variable cost mgmt delivered margins
  • Key events in Q3: opening of Zia Park Hotel and Dayton Racino and opened Mahoning Valley
  • Both Ohio Operations off to solid starts
  • Upstate NY: Decision shortly after election day
  • Proceeding with Jamul Indian Village - mid 2016 opening

General Trends & Results during Q2 2014

  • Challenging consumer environment but solid margins
  • Less negative trends evident in database: visitation and spend improved slightly sequentially at mid, low and unrated segments
  • Horseshoe opening on Aug 22 no material impact to Charlestown to date
  • Slight margin improvement in all regions (excluding 1x expenses)
  • Reduced corporate overhead by 20% YoY
  • Strong opening at 3 new assets, pleased with aggregate results though composition different as Mahoning stronger, Dayton slower ramp
  • Dayton 1x promotional error - impacted net slot by -10% 
  • $2.3 million of MA lobbying expense not contemplated in guidance
  • Q4 guidance - conservative stance due to openings

Q4 2014 Guidance

  • Includes no spend for MA campaign
  • Unchanged but for "beat"
  • Process unchanged and consistent with trends for 2014
  • Dayton and Mahoning - original estimates remain valid
  • $10m+ revenue beat = $6.5m EBITDA beat 
  • Cash $237m at end of Q3
  • Maintenance $21.4m, $78.3 for year
  • Cash tax rate 38%
  • Pre-opening expenses $5.7m in Q3

MA Campaign Update:

  • Current Boston Globe survey 53% NO and 39% YES for repeal
  • Fire & Police Unions support PENN and gaming association
  • Remain hopeful for positive outcome

Q&A

Q: Modest improvement in lower end of database, color/why/where?

  • Slight improvement, down YoY, but less negative than Q2 and Q1, not bottomed out, not stabilizing, but sequential improvement

Q: Traffic vs. ticket of lower rated play?

  • Not seeing growth in non-rated or lower rated in both spend and visitation but seeing less decline.  October is shaping up like Q3 - Hedgeye is seeing better results thus far in October

Q: What see at M Resort and Zia Park hotel?

  • Strong visitation at Zia and spend per trip is +50% from typical trip value, strong cash market, weekends very strong. Zia depends on feeder markets from Western Texas, strong slot play from Western Texas markets
  • M Resort: LV locals stable, more rationale on reinvestment, improvement in couple database metrics in Q3

Q: in 2015, easy comps in Q1 - increased confidence?

  • Hope 2015 weather impact less impactful, especially beginning in December. 
  • Not see + or - impact from gasoline prices - Should be positive if sustained
  • Hope Q1 show some improvement vs. 2014, beyond Q1 weather difficult to assess and predict.
  • 2015 hopeful due to maturity of recent openings.

Q: MA opening - how long expect to operate without competition?

  • Expect June 2015 opening and 2.5 to 3 year operations without competition from either MGM or WYNN

Q: How much of EBITDA out performance came from new racinos vs. mature properties?

  • Charlestown and Penn National solid and drove beat, Mahoning Valley stronger especially end of September and early October.  As much large property out performance as racinos.

Q: Underlying trends at Columbus and Columbus vs. Dayton cannibalization

  • Columbus a deep market, similar to Kansas City.  Believe in Columbus, long runway for growth.  Database trends encouraging across all segments.
  • Some Columbus customers from Dayton.

Q: Southern Plains segment - how control costs given moving parts

  • States MO and IL report on gross revenues = 5 properties, on net-revenue declines less. Cost controls focus on labor, marketing and facilities to less extent. 

Q: What the promotional environment

  • Steady across markets except for Missouri which was elevated in Q3

Q: Capital allocation

  • Fund acquisitions with debt, need to look at all opportunities to grow and grow beyond current development pipeline.

Q: When does a share repurchase become a more material consideration

  • Consider on a regular basis and have discussed over past year with the Board, but still see growth of asset base as best opportunity

Q: Cost reductions, operational/overhead, for add'l margin improvement and flow through

  • More challenging if revenue declines continue, always focused, if Q1 revenue improves then should see strong flow through give tight cost controls

Q: Sum total of 2104 one-time costs not recurring in 2015 such as MA spend

  • Address off line, separately.

Q: MA indication of Plainridge carve out of Appeal passes

  • Focused on getting vote out

Q: Upstate NY, if awarded license, how think about competitive license - scenario to reconsider

  • Depends on where licenses get allocated, believe Catskills will get two licenses one in Orange County and one Sullivan County.  If fortunate to receive Orange County will proceed with development.

Q: By the time MGM National opens, Baltimore casinos open for four years, what incremental impact to Charlestown from MGM opening

  • Given past openings, not expect significant. Database is Maryland focused, expect some portion of impact.

Q: Historical racing opportunity and legislative outlook in Texas

  • Gubernatorial race could turn Texas more conservative politically.
  • Historic wagering is separate from Class 3 efforts
  • Pending litigation on historic wager and waiting for the legal process to conclude.

Q: When look at Baltimore what seeing in promotional activity

  • Difficult to predict due to two months of activity from Horseshoe but not seeing high level of reinvestment at Horseshoe as saw at prior openings. Maryland tax rate higher, so more difficult to reinvest.

Q: Leverage considerations vs. other capital projects/acquisitions

  • Long term lease at 8x multiple.  Leverage ratio well within comfort levels as well as bank agreements at 6x with long-term lease.  Current situation is comfortable and expect to maintain.

Q: If a large scale acquisition presented, would use equity?

  • Not likely, historically use debt to finance historic acquisitions or green field developments.

 


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