Conclusion: We continue to be long SBUX in the Hedgeye portfolio.
It would be hard to dispute that fiscal 2010 was a strong and pivotal year for Starbucks. In addition, with about 60% of analysts now recommending the stock as a buy versus a low of about 30% in mid-2009 and with only 2% short interest in the name, I doubt few would try. That being said, with the stock now trading at 10.5x on a NTM EV/EBITDA basis, there has been some question about whether the company can maintain its current momentum. Following SBUX management’s presentations yesterday, I am even more confident in the company’s long-term growth prospects than I was previously.
Fiscal 2010: The Year of VIA
Although the VIA brand was only net neutral to earnings in fiscal 2010, the success the company has enjoyed with the brand in such a short amount of time (generated about $135 million in global sales in the retail and CPG channels in its first year) has given the company a renewed confidence in its ability to pursue new avenues of growth. The strong rollout of VIA has proven that the company can successfully leverage its retail store base to spur trial and awareness of a new brand in order to drive even more significant growth through the CPG channel (the basis for the company’s new “blueprint for profitable growth”).
Starbucks employed the direct distribution model for the first time with the VIA rollout and the approach yielded such strong results that the company has decided to use a direct model, in addition to its already established license and JV partners, for the entire CPG channel, effective March 1, 2011. SBUX has partnered with Acosta, a proven selling agent with nearly 100% coverage of the food, drug and mass channels in the U.S., to pursue this direct model approach and has ensured a smooth transition following the termination of the Kraft distribution agreement. Through its new partnership with Acosta, Starbucks will be responsible for product development, manufacturing, distribution and marketing while Acosta will be responsible for the selling and merchandising of SBUX’s products within the grocery channel. Although I am concerned about issues that may surface during the initial transition phase, over time, it should prove beneficial for Starbucks to be more vertically integrated and, as the company highlighted, to have one marketing voice across the entire CPG channel. For reference, licensed sales of packaged coffee and tea mostly sold through the Kraft partnership accounted for 23% of specialty revenues in fiscal 2010 (or about 4% of total SBUX revenues).
The success of VIA, though still early days, has also proven that the company can develop and grow brands. Outside of the $1 billion VIA brand potential, the company is significantly investing behind Seattle’s Best Coffee in both the retail store and grocery segments (SBC rebrand and relaunch), Frappuccino and Tazo Tea, among others. These are all brands that the company thinks will drive tremendous upside over time, and again, leveraging trial within Starbucks’ retail stores will encourage growth.
Outside of developing brands organically and driving increased profitability of already established brands, Starbucks made it extremely clear that it would do an acquisition, either big or small, if it found a company that fit its business model. Specifically, Starbucks is looking at all options and wants to be a leader in coffee, in all coffee categories.
Diversified Growth Engines
U.S. – Although Starbucks recently closed hundreds of stores in the U.S. and significantly reduced new unit growth, management highlighted that the U.S., which currently accounts for about 70% of total revenues and operating income, will continue to be an essential component of ongoing growth. The company expects to add 100 net new stores in fiscal 2011 and accelerate unit growth in fiscal 2012 and beyond. Growth in the U.S. will expand beyond unit growth, however, as the company remains focused on growing business within its existing store base through new store designs, increasing drive-thru business, new products, increasing capacity and expanding dayparts.
U.S. margins are expected to increase 100-200 bps in fiscal 2011, on top of the nearly 640 bp increase in FY10 to 17.4%. And, margins are expected to remain strong beyond 2011 with the company targeting long-term margins in the upper teens to approaching 20%.
International – This segment is expected to drive the next leg of growth for Starbucks as the company implements the lessons learned in the U.S. This growth will come from an increased focus on operations and improving execution within the existing store base as well as accelerated new unit growth (primarily licensed store growth).
On top of the expected 400 net new stores in fiscal 2011, the company specified that it is already investing now to build the real estate pipeline for 2012, 2013 and beyond.
- Established markets: Canada and Japan – These markets are healthy and well poised for growth now.
- Key European markets: UK, Ireland, France and Germany – These markets need work (apply U.S. learnings) before accelerating growth.
- Emerging markets: China, Brazil, India and Russia – These markets provide tremendous growth opportunities but also require that Starbucks invest ahead of the growth curve. The company continues to think that China will become the second largest market for the company outside of the U.S. (targeting 1,500 stores by 2015 from about 400 units now).
International margins are expected to increase 100-200 bps in FY11 as the company builds on the momentum of 2H10 and move into the mid-to-upper teens range over the next 3-5 years.
CPG – Following on the recent success of VIA, management seemed most excited about the potential of the CPG business. The company currently only generates CPG revenues in 10 of the 54 countries in which it operates. This, alone, is a huge opportunity for the company’s new direct model. Once the company builds the internal capabilities, Starbucks will have the experience and knowledge to move into any market with its CPG business. This, however, will take some time.
The biggest near-term benefit for the CPG business comes from the VIA learnings and stems from the company’s ability to drive CPG growth by utilizing its retail store base. The company can drive increased trial of already established brands (Frappuccino, Tazo Tea, Discoveries), newly developed brands or acquired brands in its stores before pushing them through the CPG channel. Going forward, management is also convinced that as the CPG business growth accelerates, it will drive business back into its retail stores. The company even mentioned the potential for a loyalty card that would allow cross-shopping and rewards for purchases of Starbucks products in both the grocery and retail store channels.
CPG margins are expected to be 30-35% in fiscal 2011 (35.3% in FY10). Margins will remain under pressure in FY11 as Starbucks continues to invest behind VIA and the company is also expecting to incur some one-time costs associated with the termination of the Kraft distribution agreement. That being said, the company expects the move to a direct model to be highly accretive in 2012 and beyond.
In sum, Starbucks is definitely well poised for growth. This growth will continue to come from its core retail store base, in addition to new avenues of growth, which should become more important on a go forward basis. To that end, I continue to be comfortable with our long position in the Hedgeye portfolio.
Like anything else, however, there are some near-term challenges worth highlighting:
- Expectations are high: The street is at $1.49 per share for FY11 relative to management’s $1.41-$1.47 guidance.
- Coffee prices are high: Management stated that coffee accounts for 15-20% of the company’s overall cost structure and that current prices are not sustainable. If coffee prices move higher, however, margins will come under pressure and management may have to again raise prices.
- The company is lapping its first quarter of positive comp growth in fiscal 1Q11.
- Kraft transition disruptions: Management has said it will be a smooth transition, but there are likely to be some hiccups.
- Consumption Cannonball: A weakened consumer environment would likely impact the company’s current comp sales momentum.