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TALES OF THE TAPE: TERRIBLE QUARTER FOR CASUAL DINING

As the consumer gets DUPE(d), consumer discretionary categories like casual dining will feel the pinch.

 

I think it is instructive to link Tuesday’s Early Look with the current picture we face when looking at restaurant stocks.  “MEGA” was one of our Q209 macro themes – calling for a MEGA squeeze in consumer stocks with Mortgage Rates going down, the Employment picture turning around, Gas prices declining sharply year-over-year, and Asset prices re-flating.  Looking at the data as we emerge from 2Q10, it is clear that the American consumer is now going to get DUPE (d) and is not going to be happy. 

 

 

Double-Dip:  The housing market and the broader economy are on the precipice of a double dip; housing prices have already started to decline and the economy has slowed significantly quarter-to-quarter in 1Q10.  The Hedgeye Risk Management Financials team recently presented a very strong case for why the housing market is in trouble.  We have high conviction that a double-dip in housing is underway and this will have a serious impact on consumer behavior.  Following a decade of out of control spending, the state of the USA’s balance sheet inhibits the country’s ability to navigate the structural issues still present in the economy.  Our Double-Dip thesis was supported by data released yesterday concerning mortgage applications; The MBA weekly Purchase Application Index released yesterday fell 3.3%, bringing June-to-date to 86.1 (versus April at 123.2 and May at 101.0).  A few additional points to keep in mind include:

  1. The benefits from the current Obama stimulus peaked in the 1Q10 - Slowing GDP growth.
  2. In 2011, taxes are going up and that will hamper economic growth - Slowing GDP growth.
  3. Real estate prices are estimated to decline 20% in the next twelve months - Slowing consumer spending. 

 

 

Unemployment:  Weekly Jobless Claims have not shown any material improvement over the past six months.  Private sector job creation remains a concern; private-sector job creation in May decreased sequentially from April.   While private sector job creation had been growing for four straight months, it has now come to an impasse as businesses have become nervous about the state of the economy.   Unemployment is at an elevated level and indicates a continuing softness in the underlying economy.  Some data emerged yesterday is supportive of our view that the unemployment picture is not materially improving.  According to ADP, US companies added a mere 13,000 jobs vs consensus 65,000.  As census workers are laid off, the rate could jump higher unless other sources of employment pick up hiring drastically.  This metric, of course, is of paramount importance to the restaurant industry’s top line.

  1. The Administration failed to get Congress to pony up an extra $50B for unemployment claims - our leveraged balance sheet inhibits the government’s ability to provide stimulus. 
  2. A strong dollar policy has proven to help job creation – Bill Clinton and Ronald Reagan were the last two presidents to oversee true job creation and both pursued strong dollar policies - to be sure Obama is debauching the US currency.
  3. As the Double-dip scenario pays out, unemployment will remain elevated and may even go higher. 

 

Prices Paid by the Consumer:  While reported inflation by the government looks to be under control, the Hedgeye Inflation Index tells a different story.  The Hedgeye Inflation Index focuses on the part of the economy showing inflation that impacts the consumer, specifically the spread between the prices of things they buy and what they earn.  Looking out over the next 6-12 months (and even longer), consumers will be paying more to drive their cars, or “bring home the bacon” and to make sure they have health insurance for their family.  The issues that arise from the disaster in the Gulf of Mexico will not be solved by the cash flow from BP.  The government has been sponsoring cheap gas prices in the US for years and that will, at some point, come to an end.  Once again, the government cannot afford to manage through the issues the country faces due to the highly-leveraged balance sheet.      

  1. The Hedgeye Inflation Index turned ugly last week.
  2. The disaster in the Gulf is inflationary and will be a drag on growth.
  3. The prices paid by the US consumer for gas is far below the rest of the world and there is a possibility that the gap could close significantly under pending energy legislation – this would be a massive headwind for the consumer.  Some commentators are speculating that prices could rise to meet those paid at the pump in Western Europe – some 50% higher than where they are currently.

 

Equity and Real Estate deflation:  We believe that the debasing of any currency (even the Almighty Dollar) ends badly.  A lack of austerity in government policies and an aversion to facing facts among our professional politicians is not helping the long-term outlook for equities.  The VIX’s 19% up-move week-over-week, along with the move in the equity market, indicates that political summits are doing little to ease fears. 

  1. U.S. equity markets have lost $1.78 trillion since April 23 on concern the European debt crisis will spread. 
  2. China declined 4.2% last night and is now down 26% year-to-date. 
  3. The S&P 500 is down 3.6% year-to-date. 

 

The same metrics that buoyed the consumer over a year ago are depressing spending this year.  As long as the data continues to confirm this thesis, we will continue to believe that the consumer is getting DUPE(d).  Taking stock of performance in restaurant stocks over the past quarter, it is clear that the space is highly susceptible to the factors I have outlined above. 

 

 

From the table below, one can see right away that it has been an ugly quarter for casual dining.  Almost every stock in the category with the exception of Cracker Barrel, BJ’s Restaurants, and Landry’s (private) got hammered over the last quarter.  Notably, in the table, from Bob Evans down to the bottom of the list (BOBE, RT, RUTH, BWLD, EAT, MSSR, DIN, RRGB, and CHUX) there are nine stocks that have declined by more than 20% over the last 90 days.  Despite the precipituous declines, some of these  companies are still facing serious issues (RRGB’s heavy dependence on promotions, BWLD’s terrible ROIIC due to unsustainable growth).   With regard to EAT, we are maintaining our view that the company can take meaninful share from DIN and use their improved balance sheet (new revolver and proceeds of On the Border sales) to buy back ~25% of their market cap.

 

 

In terms of QSR, too, the poor outlook is certainly being confirmed by the price action.  Chipotle has been unstoppable, up nearly 20% over the last 90 days, but has declined 4% over the past month.  The QSR group on average is down nearly 6.6% over the past quarter.   The “U” in DUPE(d) is highly relevant for the quick service category and, as I discussed above, the unemployment picture is not improving materially.  QSR management teams have reiterated ad nauseum (Sonic Corp and Starbucks recently) the need for the unemployment picture to meaningfully improve if the topline is to grow.

 

 

Some recent news items include:

  • CKE restaurants announced that its stockholders approved the proposal to adopt a merger agreement providing for its acquisition by “entities created by certain affiliates of Apollo Management VII, L.P.”. 
  • Brinker International and OTB Acquisition LLC, an affilliate of Golden Gate Capital, closed the sale of On The Border Mexican Grill & Cantina.  Gross proceeds for the transaction total $180 million.
  • Jack in the Box announced a five-year, $600M refinancing plan, comprised of a $400 million revolving credit facility and $200 million term loan.
  • Starbucks is rolling out free WIFI in all US and Canada stores today.
  • UBS raised its YUM price target to $49.
  • CAKE upgraded to market perform from underperform.
  • PFCB upgraded to market perform from underperform.
  • CPKI mentioned in NY Post article detailing how, despite the capital gains tax increasing from 15% to 20% next year, private equity is not overly eager to spend.  The CPKI auction, according to a source cited in the article, is near collapse and the restaurant company is an example of the lack of growth potential out there for PE to acquire.
  • An interesting article in the Wall Street Journal titled, “USING STARBUCKS, DUNKIN’ DONUTS TO TRACK ECONOMY”, discusses the relationship between the state of the economy and where consumers buy their coffee and how much they are willing to spend.  By breaking out the average dollar transactions at Starbuck’s and Dunkin’ Donuts, a research economist was able to identify a trend whereby consumers spent less at the outlets during the worst of the recession, but the spending on coffee ticked up as the unemployment picture improved.  In April, the trend reversed but as the article notes, much of that change is likely to be seasonal.
  • McDonald’s is changing its menu.  The “Big N’ Tasty”, “Mac Snack Wrap”, and the fruit and walnut salad, among other items, are being crossed off the menu while an oatmeal breakfast will be rolled out nationally in January. 
  • Cosi, Inc., has announced that it has named Kimberly Letizia as its director of Culinary Innovation and Menu Strategy.  Letizia most recently acted as Corporate Chef Consultant to Kraft Foods.

 

 TALES OF THE TAPE: TERRIBLE QUARTER FOR CASUAL DINING - stocks 630

 

Howard Penney

Managing Director


Bear Market Macro: SP500 Levels, Refreshed...

After a horrible pending homes sales number (down 30% sequentially in May; down -15.6% y/y), this bear market is gaining momentum to the downside. At a point, the SP500 will bounce from oversold levels – bear markets always do – but to lower-highs, as we keep selling off to lower-lows.

 

This morning’s ISM print in the US was more of the same in terms of what we saw overnight coming out of China (PMI slowed sequentially) – global economic growth is slowing. We walked through our GDP estimates for the back half of 2010 and into 2011 on our Q3 Macro Themes call this morning. Consensus is playing catch-up now in re-pricing expectations for go forward growth.

 

Some players are trying to pick the bottom here today. We’ve tried that in prior bear market cycles and don’t like the risk/reward setup in doing that here today - not in front of a long weekend and before another long line of America’s unemployed getting reported tomorrow morning.

 

Bottoms are processes, not points. Our immediate term TRADE line of support is now 1011.

KM

 

Keith R. McCullough
Chief Executive Officer

 

Bear Market Macro: SP500 Levels, Refreshed...  - sp


HEDGEYE'S Q3 MACRO THEMES - REPLAY AND SLIDES

The Hedgeye Macro Team, led by CEO Keith McCullough and Managing Director Daryl Jones, hosted our quarterly themes conference call today. To access the replay and the slides, please copy and paste the links below into your URL.

 

Podcast:

https://www.hedgeye.com/promos/podcasts/39445-3-8430-American_Austerity

 

Slides:

http://docs.hedgeye.com/Q3%202010%20THEMES.pdf

 

 

As a reminder, the 3Q10 Key Macro Themes are:

  1. American Austerity - As austerity measures are implemented around the world, the emerging debt and deficit issues in the U.S. will require an imminent and comparable policy response. 
  2. Housing Headwinds - The domestic housing market is faced with another leg down due to a supply and demand imbalance, which will begin to play out in Q3. 
  3. Bear Market Macro - Globally, there are a number of key markets that are in bearish quantitative set ups heading into Q3, which will position our tactical asset allocation. 

As always, if you have any questions regarding any of our processes or conclusions, please email .

 

We kindly thank you for your support.

 

Best regards,

 

The Hedgeye Macro Team



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HEDGEYE'S Q3 MACRO THEMES: NAVIGATING THE ROAD AHEAD - REPLAY AND SLIDES

The Hedgeye Macro Team, led by CEO Keith McCullough and Managing Director Daryl Jones, hosted our quarterly themes conference call today. To access the replay and the slides, please click on the links below:

 

Podcast and slides.

 

As a reminder, the 3Q10 Key Macro Themes are:

  1. American Austerity - As austerity measures are implemented around the world, the emerging debt and deficit issues in the U.S. will require an imminent and comparable policy response. 
  2. Housing Headwinds - The domestic housing market is faced with another leg down due to a supply and demand imbalance, which will begin to play out in Q3. 
  3. Bear Market Macro - Globally, there are a number of key markets that are in bearish quantitative set ups heading into Q3, which will position our tactical asset allocation. 

As always, if you have any questions regarding any of our processes or conclusions, please email .

 

We kindly thank you for your support.

 

Best regards,

 

The Hedgeye Macro Team


PSS Board…

PSS Board…

 

As the cheap get cheaper in today's market, I thought it was worth pointing out that inquiries from subscribers regarding PSS valuation have picked up meaningfully - even relative to other stocks. 

 

We'll never buy a stock just because it's cheap. But we do like when we find what we think are very good stories at irrational prices. Some might argue that it screens well on PE (sub-10x), EBITDA (4.7%), and FCF Yield (17%). But here's another way to look at it. When we break out our estimate for profit by brand/business, it suggests that the core retail business is trading for just under 3x EBITDA.  One thing I like here is that PSS finally has enough cash flow that it could actually consider buying back its stock meaningfully. In fact, at the current rate of cash flow, this company can buy back 15% of its stock per year.

 

You hear that, PSS Board??? 15% annually! There are shareholders that have gutted this out right alongside you - and have scars to prove it.  If you believe in your strategy, and your team - as we do - then step up and hit the bid. If sitting on cash while Bernanke and friends give you a whopping 0% rate of return on it is better than buying your stock here, then I will be very very afraid. We'll watch what you do, not what you say. Now get busy!

 

See Segment Analysis Below:


PSS Board… - 1



Skepticism+Activism=Short Squeeze

Skepticism+Activism=Short Squeeze

 

Over the past couple of year’s BJ’s has been an LBO target on a couple of occasions, often times with a real estate angle leading the rumor mill.  On the surface, this time is more of the same. 

 

This morning’s 13D filing by Leonard Green disclosing a 9.5% stake in BJ’s Wholesale Club took us and the market by surprise.  It certainly has the shorts scrambling to cover this morning as well, hence the outsized move in a weak tape.  Over the past couple of year’s BJ’s has been an LBO target on a couple of occasions, often times with a real estate angle leading the rumor mill.  On the surface, this time is more of the same. 

 

The 13D states: “The Reporting Persons acquired the Shares in the belief that the Shares were undervalued. The Reporting Persons intend to contact representatives of the Issuer to engage in a dialogue regarding potential options for enhancing shareholder value. These discussions may include a “going-private” transaction, new financings (potentially through mortgage financings or sale leaseback transactions) or other similar transactions. The Reporting Persons look forward to working with management of the Issuer in the future.”

 

A couple of observations:

  • Leonard Green has a long history of involvement with retail transactions, almost exclusively via buyout scenarios.  Their one recent “trade” occurred with WFMI, which in hindsight appears to have been a home run of a transaction.  Interestingly, Leonard Green does have some history with BJ’s, via its predecessor parent, Waban.   While no transaction ever occurred, the then CEO, Herb Zarkin, is currently BJ’s non-executive Chairman of the Board.
  • While sale-leaseback is listed as a possible outcome of Green’s efforts, it’s important to note that BJ’s owns approximately 30% of its clubs.  While still substantial given the geographic locations of the clubs, primarily in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic, this is not a slam dunk in terms of unleashing value on a one off basis.  This is especially true given the inherently thin EBIT margins that may not benefit from turning a real estate asset into a rent liability. 
  • There is no question that BJ could benefit from an improved merchandising effort (especially on the non-food side of things), but this hardly seems like a task that requires a change in ownership or capital structure.  Recall this is a company that is historically very conservative and debt-free.  Unless the board and shareholders are in capitulation mode, it seems hard to envision that this glorified supermarket would be interested in “creative financing” options. 
  • This is likely just the beginning of the “fireworks” between the company and Green.  If anything, this will act as a near-term benchmark for other LBO rumors that will have to be vetted. We wouldn’t be surprised to hear more about RSH and SVU in the coming weeks given the market reaction to this filing.

 

Eric Levine


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