The Great Swells Of The Sea

Thank God for fire places. I am writing this ‘Early Look’ from a chilly sea view Inn outside of Camden, Maine this morning. The Penobscot Abenaki Indians called this part of the country Megunticook, meaning "Great Swells of the Sea” – what a fitting theme for this increasingly interconnected global market place of macro factors…

Up until I left the hedge fund First Class travel circuit of Four Seasons hotels and sunny Floridian terraces, most of my friends from back home would say ‘hey man, you have this pretty darn good!’ – warmer, yes… but thought inspiring? Not so much… My last Wall Street luxury resort conference was roughly a year ago, and I must say that I am no dumber a man for losing access to those groupthink sessions.

Thankfully, my professional life has more balance now. The hotel rooms are smaller, but they are a lot cheaper! I am staying just outside of the site of the US National Toboggan Championships. I am away from the crowds, thinking about our 2009 investment themes. Understanding that the most common one-liner I hear from investors today is that they are “long term”. It seems reasonable to stop focusing on what we’ve had right in 2008 (being in cash), and looking forward to the future.

The cover of ‘The Economist’ this past week was titled “Capitalism At Bay”; markets around the world have crashed; and we are seeing an auto correlated meltdown across asset classes. From a quant perspective, the only two models that look intermediate term “Trend” bullish are US denominated cash and equity volatility. From a sentiment perspective, the latest and greatest idea out of the “smart money” hotel conference halls is “we’re going to cash” – gee, thanks…

As of yesterday’s close, our ‘Hedgeye Portfolio Allocation’ model was set up as follows: Cash (US$) 74%, Canadian Cash (FXC) 3%, Gold 3%, and Equities 20%. While yesterday was not an up day for us in the Portfolio, I don’t feel shame. Rather, I feel quite excited about the prospects of getting fully invested, albeit patiently.

In the US, stocks remain to be rented, not yet owned. Buying into the swells of the seas worked for us from the October 10th lows, and I think it will again from the current ones. Yesterday’s breakdown of our critical support line in the S&P500 was undoubtedly bearish for the immediate term “Trade”. That support line of 948.11 now becomes resistance, and it should be respected. If we can overcome it, it’s as clearly bullish as it was bearish. That’s math.

In terms of downside support, we are using 870.08 in the S&P500 as our buy/cover signal line. Look for us to take both our gross and net long positions in US stocks up as the waves of fear roll onto the desks of the levered long community. The freak-out volume is out of the way. The last two trading days have flashed NYSE volumes that are ½ of that seen earlier in the month when credit spreads were much wider, and liquidity tighter. Volatility (VIX) is testing 70 for the 4th time in October, and it actually looks like it could take a peak at 77.89. I would love to see that shark jump out of the water. That level would really get me invested in America’s waters.

Asian markets looked horrendous across asset classes last night. From currencies to commodities and stocks, the waters have swelled. The South Korean won lost another -3.4% and the KOSPI stock market index got hammered for another -7.5% dunking. We haven’t seen these levels in Korea since the Asian Crisis in 1998. Are they “bearish enough” in Asia yet? You tell me…

We liked China yesterday, and we like it more today. Lower prices are what true capitalists seek. Both China’s currency and stock market flashed another positive divergence overnight in Global equity trading. The Shanghai composite Index closed down -1.1% at 1875, and with 1866 as our signal line to buy, you can expect us to be adding to our FXI (Chinese etf) position today (provided that it’s down). This morning, China’s Premier, Wen Jiabao, is supporting our new investment theme that we have been discussing in recent weeks, signaling that ramping up domestic consumption will offset their well publicized industrial growth slowdown. Buy Low.

There isn’t much to get excited about in Europe, yet… We are long Germany, and that’s been a mistake, so far… German stocks are trading down again alongside the region as the Euro continues to get drowned by deleveraging across eastern european countries. The Russian stock market actually stopped going down this morning, and that’s the 1st positive divergence that it has flashed in forever. That said, the Russian Trading System has lost almost 70% of its value since May of this year, and now we have ex-Soviet states like Belarus requesting emergency bailout money from the IMF this morning.

Belarus and Hank “The Market Tank” Paulson aren’t the only ones looking to bailout their comrades. Iceland, Pakistan, Hungary, and the Ukraine have all asked for similar bailout support from the International Monetary Fund. Can someone remind the said macro key-note speaker savants from the podiums of Four Seasons past that “it is global this time”? Investing in these illiquid cesspool economies is not an investment theme coming out of Camden, Maine.

While Greenspan reminds Americans that he has no accountability mirror this morning and testifies in front of the House that the solution to part of the leverage mess that he helped create is to RE-REGULATE markets, take a deep breath, and think. Credit spreads are tightening and the yield curve is steepening – these are great signs for the American capitalists who have cash. The “Great swells Of The Sea” are yesterday’s news. Let people reactively manage the past as you proactively look forward to the future.

Stay warm,


Following my trip to Macau, I’ve gotten more positive on the long-term prospects of Macau. I’ve written numerous posts discussing why this is, so I won’t waste space here. Despite the favorable outlook, I certainly recognize the uncertainty surrounding the Macau marketplace. For this reason, it seems to make a lot of sense to look at the value imbedded in WYNN’s Macau concession. Specifically, I believe there is significant option value in Wynn’s opportunity to build on the Cotaii Strip should: a) Macau continue to grow and b) Cotaii be a successful destination within Macau. I vote yes on both counts.

Clearly, this analysis could be used for any of the other 5 concessionaires, but WYNN is the only company with the financial resources to make it happen. Besides, an option in Steve Wynn’s hands is worth much more than any other operator in gaming.

Based on the following assumptions, I estimate straight equity value related to Cotaii of $4 per share:

-8x terminal multiple of EBITDA
-20% discount rate
-$2bn total investment cost
-$350m in EBITDA

However, I calculate an incremental option value of $2 per share for total Cotaii value of $6 per share. With WYNN’s enterprise value trading at only 8x core EBITDA, I do not believe any of this value is reflected in the stock price. Nor is any value, option or otherwise, associated with likely future Macau development in the stock.

Conservative assumptions still yield significant value


The report from the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Columbia cites an anticipated cyclical decrease in Brazilian production as Brazilian coffee fields enter the less productive second year of their two year grow cycle and an expected 2% increase in global consumption that they predict will cause a shortfall of as much as 10 million bags (down from an estimated 7 million bag surplus for this year). Put simply, Columbian growers are betting that the recent explosion in premium grade coffee consumption in markets like China will continue as the availability to consumers increases despite a weaker economic situation. These sounds like a decent assumption to us based on historical precedents –in periods of economic and political turmoil, coffee drinkers in western nations have proven to be resilient and resourceful, but we still view bullish reports from producer associations with a degree of suspicion.

Longer term, South American academics warn of potential production declines as rising fertilizer costs have seen independent farmers skimping in recent cycle. Agricultural experts say that the full consequences could be felt in crop yields in 2010 and 2011. In Brazil a report from the Cooperaiso coffee cooperative suggests that fertilizer sales are likely to fall by 20% over this crop year because of price levels, while the Columbian Government has earmarked subsidy funds to try and prevent declines in use by farmers there.

Andrew Barber

Early Look

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HBI: Numbers looking too high…

I like the HBI story, but I think expectations are too high headed into 3Q. Let’s not forget that the average EPS surprise for HBI is +40% over the past 6 quarters. This qtr won’t be different.

My model is shaking out about 20% below the Street for the back half. I think that the top line is fine. Volume trends have been decent enough in mass channels, and I think that price increases from Wal*Mart are coming through at a magnitude needed to offset higher cotton costs through mid-2009. It’s the non-commodity costs that are a true moving target for this company. A simple tweak in labor or ad spending accounts for wild swings in EPS. That’s why my Jr Analyst Zach Brown cranked out the file below, which is a complete sales and margin walk of all the puts and takes over each of the past six quarters. It highlights some interesting points for the upcoming quarter.

1) On the top line, 3Qand 4Q07 were the two biggest top line quarters of the year.

2) In 3Q HBI was nearing the end of a 1-year period where Champion ramped up in Sporting Goods channels.

3) 3Q07 started a 4-quarter period where International sales accelerated from no growth to double digit. Now FX is going the wrong way and growth comps get tough.

4) HBI is comping against 375bp in combined labor and manufacturing cost savings margin enhancement. Remember that the company let go 150 employees at corporate in late summer ’07. Now it needs to find a new bag of tricks.

5) 250bp of this went to fund the write-off of obsolete inventory. But net/net, that still leaves HBI 125bp in the hole this quarter.

Check out Zach’s table below for more details (click on each one for an enlarged picture with better detail).
If the company does, in fact, miss and/or guide down, I’m likely a buyer. I like the longer term margin progression. This is one of the few companies left in this industry that can offshore its production and free up what I think is 8 points of margin to be used as an offensive weapon to grow the business, pay down debt, and improve returns.

Sports Apparel Data: 'Less Strong'

The growth rate eased over the past week for sports apparel sales, though not to a point that leaves me concerned. Sales are running at about +1.4%, which slowed by half vs. prior 3-week run-rate due to incremental weakness in the mass channel. On the flip side, the Sport Retail channel is hanging in at about 10% -- not bad for FL, FINL, DKS and HIBB. Tough to find these growth numbers elsewhere in retail. I still think that we’re entering a better part of the cycle for this group.

Source: SportscanINFO


Traders love coffee. Lloyd’s coffee house was a gathering place for speculators in shipping insurance and commodities in 18th century London that turned into Lloyd’s of London (the saloon across the street, Jonathan’s, became the London Stock Exchange –traders also love alcohol).

A data point on coffee this morning had traders taking note: the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Columbia is predicting a cyclical decline in Brazilian Coffee production will cause a global deficit as supply falls below demand that has grown dramatically in recent years.

To put in context, the grade of coffee produced in South America is the premium Arabica grade. Starbucks and other retailers have re-introduced premium South American blends to new audiences from the less urban parts of the US to developing Asian and Eastern European markets in recent years and Columbian Growers are betting that despite slowing growth one of the last sacrifices that people in those markets will make is their premium coffee in the morning.

Coffee Futures felt the same pressure as other soft commodities in recent months as the great deleveraging process saw a tremendous amount of capital flow away from static log index investments which were based on rolling front month positions. Unlike Oil or Gold, Coffee does not enjoy the same following among institutional investors as a standalone investment and so the absence of index investors will significantly impact open interest and volume. JO is an Ipath ETN based on the Dow Jones AIG Coffee sub index, which consists solely of front month NYMEX Coffee Futures on premium South American Arabica.

Andrew Barber

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