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Even the players face disclosure requirements.



While not unexpected, Singapore’s newly released gaming regulations included fairly high hurdles for prospective junket operators.  What may be a surprise is that high rollers will also face disclosure requirements. 


We’ve long maintained that that the Singapore ramp may be slower than anticipated.  Junket operations already have a clientele.  The casinos themselves need to time to build a database.  From our conversations with junket operators over the last year it was pretty clear that given the likely regulations in Singapore, they wouldn’t even apply for licenses. 


Now, even the prospective high rollers will have to provide personal disclosures.  This is likely to negatively impact the VIP business as well.  Are the new regulations enough to kill the long-term viability of the market?  Probably not.  Over time, the operators will establish a strong high end business and benefit from an extremely low relative tax rate.  Moreover, if the regulations prove too onerous, the Singapore Government could make changes.  We believe the government desperately wants the projects to succeed.  After all, legalizing gaming in this conservative country was controversial from the start.  Success is now imperative.


However, our concern remains the speed of the ramp relative to expectations.  Indeed, we are projecting only $650 million in EBITDAR at LVS’s Marina Bay Sands in the first year of operations, below Street expectations and certainly company “guidance”.

World Championships

“You're looking for players whose name on the front of the sweater is more important than the one on the back”
-Herb Brooks
The Americans scored in overtime last night to beat Canada 6-5 at the World Junior Hockey Championship in Saskatchewan. This ends Canada’s gold medal streak at 5, and reminds young American hockey players that miracles still happen on ice. The USA name on the front of those jerseys last night were powered by pride. Great job boys – congratulations.
Unfortunately, off the ice, American politicians and bankers alike, continue to focus on the names on their backs. I do commend Senator Chris Dodd for exiting the building this morning. He was willfully blind to the leverage-fest he signed off on in Connecticut, and now its time for him to retire his jersey to the state and feel shame. Game over.
Meanwhile, He Who Sees No Inflation (Bernanke) has a few weeks left of focusing on the name on the back of his jersey. This week he has taken the zero accountability model straight to the job retention bank as he looks for the Senate to re-confirm him as Maestro-man of the year, part deux.
Off the ice, we live in a Debtor Nation that continues to be fueled by a severe level of group-think that only credit upon credit, and debt upon debt, can solve our losing problems. This morning, the Bernanke/Greenspan debt doctrines have gone municipal as the New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority will be first in line to sell 2010 issued “Build America Bonds.”
Timmy Geithner has signed off on a 35% Treasury rebate, so this has his banker boys watering at the mouth. It’s a new season for banker bonuses folks, and what better way to get this debt party started than by plugging municipalities and states with some Big Debtor Government sponsored liabilities.
In the first eight months of the “Build America’s” debt pile legislation, muni-bond sales have already totaled almost $70B. I know, I know – a billion dollars ain’t what it used to be to these politicians so, in 2010, they are going to likely double state and local bond sales just so that we can get a sip of that trillion dollar cup.
There is no World Championship cup for becoming the leader of the Debtor Nations. Ask 1920’s Germany or 1990’s Japan about that. Nevertheless, this morning’s global macro news run is definitely seeing other countries compete with team USA for a shot at the debtor title:
1.      Greece: The Finance Minister told Bloomberg worry no more. They have plenty of private buyers of debt willing to underwrite a reduction of their national deficit (currently running at 12.7% of GDP), in exchange for imposed stagflation on the Greek citizenry.

2.      Philippines: The Government is looking to sell $1.5 billion in US Dollar Denominated bonds in order to plug their deficit.

3.      Iceland: After being run-over by Fitch last night, seeing their foreign currency issuer default rating downgraded, it’s time to jack up inflation and consumer borrowing costs again. Debt levered dog sledding time boys – gotta keep whipping the citizenry. Make’m yelp!

I know, I know. Who on the Big Government Debt team has any care about the name on the front of their country’s jersey? Piling debt upon debt is for their teammates kids to have to deal with some day. This self centeredness and short-termism that Bernanke and the boys on Team USA perpetuate globally is plain sad.
All the while, the Chinese seem to be marching down a different path at their own, well deserved, pace. Since President Hu’s year end remarks that China will be focused on “quality” growth going forward (as opposed to speculative loan growth), Chinese officials continue to focus on the name on the front of their jerseys. Yes, to some extent, that’s the mandate of state capitalism and I get that. But, to me at least, China’s cash reserve position seems to be powered by pride.
China is this decade’s Creditor Nation. America is the Debtor Nation. China’s central bank chief, Zhou, stated plainly yesterday that speculative investments “pose a risk to the quality of bank loans.” America’s central bank chief, Bernanke, stated that he sees nothing other than a regulatory problem that drives this country’s asset price bubbles.
Hmmm… It seems to me that China is ending America’s gold medal streak at the World Championships of Financial Leadership and Credibility.
The SP500 closed one point above my immediate term TRADE target yesterday, making a higher-high at 1136. My refreshed, immediate term, levels of support and resistance are now 1125 and 1138, respectively.
Best of luck out there today,



UUP – PowerShares US Dollar Index Fund
We bought the USD Fund on 1/4/10 as an explicit way to represent our Q1 2010 Macro Theme that we have labeled Buck Breakout (we were bearish on the USD in ’09).

XLV – SPDR Healthcare
Buying back the bullish position Tom Tobin and his team maintain on the intermediate TREND term for the Healthcare sector.

VXX - iPath S&P500 Volatility For a TRADE we bought some protection at the market's YTD highs by buying volatility on 12/14/09.

EWG - iShares GermanyBuying back the bullish intermediate term TREND thesis Matt Hedrick maintains on Germany. We are short Russia and, from a European exposure perspective, like being long the lower beta DAX against the higher beta RTSI as well.

EWZ - iShares Brazil As Greece and Dubai were blowing up, we took our Asset Allocation on International Equities to zero.  On 12/8/09 we started buying back exposure via our favorite country, Brazil, with the etf trading down on the day. We remain bullish on Brazil's commodity complex and believe the country's management of its interest rate policy has promoted stimulus.

CYB - WisdomTree Dreyfus Chinese Yuan
The Yuan is a managed floating currency that trades inside a 0.5% band around the official PBOC mark versus a FX basket. Not quite pegged, not truly floating; the speculative interest in the Yuan/USD forward market has increased dramatically in recent years. We trade the ETN CYB to take exposure to this managed currency in a managed economy hoping to manage our risk as the stimulus led recovery in China dominates global trade.

TIP - iShares TIPS
The iShares etf, TIP, which is 90% invested in the inflation protected sector of the US Treasury Market currently offers a compelling yield. We believe that future inflation expectations are currently mispriced and that TIPS are a efficient way to own yield on an inflation protected basis, especially in the context of our re-flation thesis.


RSX – Market Vectors Russia
We shorted Russia on 12/18/09 after a terrible unemployment report and an intermediate term TREND view of oil’s price that’s bearish.

EWJ - iShares Japan While a sweeping victory for the Democratic Party of Japan has ended over 50 years of rule by the LDP bringing some hope to voters; the new leadership  appears, if anything, to have a less developed recovery plan than their predecessors. We view Japan as something of a Ponzi Economy -with a population maintaining very high savings rate whose nest eggs allow the government to borrow at ultra low interest levels in order to execute stimulus programs designed to encourage people to save less. This cycle of internal public debt accumulation (now hovering at close to 200% of GDP) is anchored to a vicious demographic curve that leaves the Japanese economy in the long-term position of a man treading water with a bowling ball in his hands.

XLY - SPDR Consumer Discretionary We shorted Howard Penney's view on Consumer Discretionary stocks on 10/30/09 and 12/2/09.

SHY - iShares 1-3 Year Treasury Bonds
If you pull up a three year chart of 2-Year Treasuries you'll see the massive macro Trend of interest rates starting to move in the opposite direction. We call this chart the "Queen Mary" and its new-found positive slope means that America's cost of capital will start to go up, implying that access to capital will tighten. Yields are going to continue to make higher-highs and higher lows until consensus gets realistic.


After a melt-up day on Monday the S&P 500 finished up 0.31% in fairly light trading on Tuesday.  There was no dominating theme running thru the market yesterday.  From a MACRO view the market has seemed to discount the heightened global economic recovery theme that fueled Monday’s rally. 


Tuesday’s MACRO data points were not as convincing as Monday’s and in some cases were downright bearish.   After rising for 10 consecutive months, pending home sales declined 16% month-to-month in November vs. expectations for a 2% decline.  While the number was explained away as an anomaly as the early November extension of the first-time homebuyer tax credit was not in place to provide any meaningful support. 


Also on the MACRO calendar, factory orders rose 1.1% in November, above consensus estimates for a 0.5% increase. While durable orders were unrevised at up 0.2%, core capital goods orders were revised up to 3.6% from 2.9% in the advance report. In addition, core capital goods shipments were revised up to 1.1% from 0.8%; orders for non-durable goods rose 1.8% in November, the fourth consecutive increase.  Inventories rose 0.2% in November following a 0.6% gain in October. 


After the close the ABC consumer confidence reading came in at -41 versus last week’s reading of -44.  The index has not seen a reading of better that -41 in nearly two years.


While the MACRO calendar was mixed, the sectors levered to the RECOVERY trade were the outperformers.  Defensive sectors were among the worst performers, with the Utilities being the worst performing sector for the second day in a row.  The underperformance of the Utilities is consistent with our “Rate Run-up” theme for 1Q10.


Yesterday, the Financials was the best performing sector on the day.  Life insurers and Bank stocks were another bright spot with the BKX +2.24% and now up 4.51% over the past two days.  Within the XLF, COF was up +3.9% (A Research Edge top pick) and C +3.8%, BAC +3.3% and WFC +2.8% also outperformed.  MS is now up 8.09% in the first two trading day of the year. 


After underperforming on Monday, Consumer Discretionary was the third best performing sector yesterday.  Consensus is building that December same-store sales are going to be stronger than expected and some key sell-side upgrades helped the retailers outperform. 


The range for the S&P 500 is 12 points or 0.25% upside to 1,385 and 1.0% downside to 1,125.  At the time of writing the major market futures are trading lower on the day.    


Copper rose O.22% yesterday and is trading up 1.77% in early trading today.  Copper is trading higher for the fifth straight day on speculation that demand will improve as the U.S. economy continues to show strength.  The Research Edge Quant models have the following levels for COPPER – buy Trade (3.31) and Sell Trade (3.47).


GOLD trade up yesterday by 0.33%, but the dip mentality prevails.  The Research Edge Quant models have the following levels for GOLD – buy Trade (1,084) and Sell Trade (1,137).


Crude oil traded up 0.32% yesterday to 81.77 - a 14-month high – as cold weather in the U.S. and signs of economic recovery are helping demand.  The Research Edge Quant models have the following levels for OIL – buy Trade (78.74) and Sell Trade (83.04).


Howard Penney

Managing Director














Hedgeye Statistics

The total percentage of successful long and short trading signals since the inception of Real-Time Alerts in August of 2008.

  • LONG SIGNALS 80.46%
  • SHORT SIGNALS 78.35%


The Macau Metro Monitor.  January 6th, 2010



The government of Macau recently announced that it plans to invest a further MOP 126.4 million in the tourism industry by the end of March, under policies that were to expire at the end of 2009.  From August to December 2009, the city invested approximately MOP 28.6 million in guide services and business tourism events.  The New Year’s Day holiday, lasting from January 1st through January 3rd, saw 279,000 tourists travel to Macau, 3.71% more than in the same period of 2009. 




Recently published regulations on VIP gaming in Singapore impose strict measures on high-rollers and gambling junket organizers alike.  VIP gamblers will need to provide their name, home address, ID or passport number, and other details.  Junket organizers and agents must submit detailed financial disclosures, pay for background checks to be completed, and submit to finger and palm printing, among other requirements. 


While not unexpected, the rules are indicative of the regulatory environment awaiting LVS, Genting Group, and any other prospective player in the Singapore gaming market.  Despite this, the effective tax rate on VIP gaming revenue of 12% (compared to 39% in Macau) should help Singapore to be competitive in the Asian VIP market.  Casinos in Singapore will be free to pay out higher rebates to the VIP players who visit, as well as higher commissions to junket organizers who hurdle the requirements of the authorities.

BBBY: Trying to Find a Coupon

Bed Bath and Beyond is expected to report results tomorrow after the close and we’re expecting another solid quarter.  Recall that this has been a name we’ve liked for some time now, mostly due to the company’s “mean reversion” opportunities.  An improving economic backdrop, the elimination of the company's most direct competitor, and the bottoming of the worst period in modern history for home furnishings consumption have all been key to the fundamental recovery in BBBY’s earnings and subsequent share performance.  Along the way, earnings have handily beat expectations for the past few quarters, even as expectations have gradually risen along the way.  This quarter is no exception, with the Street looking for $0.43 (up from $0.38 when the quarter began).  However, we still believe there is even further upside, with our model shaking out at $0.46. 


It is important to note that BBBY’s 3Q results are comparing against the single worst quarterly same store sales performance in the past 10 years!  As such, we are forecasting a 3% comp increase against the 5.6% decline last year (which may be conservative given this actually implies a deceleration on the two-year).  While any of us of can open a spreadsheet or review a transcript, the importance of fully understanding what exactly was taking place at the end of last year is key to near-term results.  The promotional environment over the 3Q/4Q period last year was especially aggressive, driven in part by overall economic uncertainty but more specifically by aggressive couponing brought on by the Linens ‘N Things demise.  As a result, BBBY’s gross margins were hit by 280 bps (largest drop in the entire housing bubble) as the company attempted to remain competitive and garner share in the midst of severe sales declines and the Linens’ liquidation.  Try finding a coupon now.  I actually did try and it’s not as easy as one would think, even with internet sites such as Couponcabin.com. 


Fast forward a year and we are now in a much more rational promotional environment.  BBBY’s couponing has subsided measurably, aiding gross margins and to a lesser extent SG&A (direct mail costs reside on this line).  Last quarter marked the company’s return to gross margin expansion after 10 consecutive quarters of declines.  We maintain that the single biggest factor that is misunderstood in the BBBY story is how long the gross margin recovery can last.  It is simply not a 1 or 2 quarter process in our view.  As such, gross margin expansion should continue for at least the next 12-18 months driven primarily by BBBY’s improved competitive position (it is now the only stand-alone game in town), substantial reduction in the use of irrational couponing, tight inventory control, and improving sales trends as pent-up demand in the home furnishings category fuels improving demand.


Adding a modest 5% square footage growth rate (yes, management is conservative but it serves well for the EBIT recovery story) and a growing cash balance expected to be near $1.5 billion (no debt), BBBY is a much more stable cash flow generator than the Street gives it credit for.  There are currently 9 buys, 15 holds, and 1 sell rating on the company.  Clearly this is still room for sentiment to improve here.  Tomorrow after the close solid results should further bolster our positive bias on the shares.   If there is one surprise to come, we still think it will be a firmer commitment to the buyback.  With $900 million remaining under authorization the company has barely bought a share back since the couponing began…


Eric Levine



Ruby Tuesday is scheduled to report fiscal 2Q10 earnings after the close tomorrow and I am expecting EPS to come in a penny better than the street’s estimate of a loss of $0.02.  Fiscal 2Q10 marks RT’s last quarter of relatively easier comparisons from both a top-line and EBIT margin perspective.  I am expecting company-operated same-store sales growth to come in -2% relative to the street’s -2.7% estimate.  On a 2-year average basis, this assumes a 50 bp acceleration from the first quarter, a level that is even with that of the casual dining industry as measured by Malcolm Knapp.  As it relates to YOY comparisons for both RT and the industry as a whole, if RT’s trends improve by the same amount on a 2-year average basis as the industry in RT’s fiscal 2Q, the company’s gap to Knapp will narrow on a sequential basis to about 3% from 4% in 1Q10.   For reference RT’s performance has gotten better on a sequential basis relative to the industry for the last six reported quarters.


Even with the relatively easier EBIT margin comparison from 2Q09, I am expecting about 70 bps of contraction in 2Q10 (following a nearly 100 bp improvement in 1Q10).  In the back half of the year, however, margins will come under increased pressure as RT will be lapping two quarters of 200-plus bps of YOY improvements.  Making the second half more difficult is the fact that RT will be lapping lower SG&A spending as a result of the company’s increasing its span of control for both regional and area supervisors in the back half of last year and lower depreciation expense from the 3Q09 closures. 


Relative to RT’s full-year guidance, I am comfortable with the company’s ability to achieve EPS of $0.50-$0.60; though I think the lower end of the range is more likely.  Management gave same-store sales growth guidance of -1% to -3%.  Again, I think the lower end is more likely and could even be at risk as it assumes more than 300 bps of sequential improvement in 2-year average trends from 1Q10 to 4Q10.  For reference, same-store sales comparisons get relatively more difficult in the back half of the year so even if 2-year trends continue to improve, numbers will likely begin to come down on a 1-year basis in 3Q10.


This improvement in top-line trends will have a lot to do with how the overall industry fares going forward (we will have to see if the better November trends are sustainable), but RT is also lapping its significant promotional efforts from January 2009 in fiscal 3Q10.  In the last couple of quarters, RT’s top-line outperformance has been driven by traffic growth.  This growth has come at the expense of average check growth.  On RT’s 1Q10 earnings call, management stated it still has a goal to increase average check to the $12.50 to $14.50 range from the current mid-$11 range and that with customer traffic up, the company can now work on increasing average check.  It will be important to see if the company can continue to sustain traffic growth with average check growth and the true test will come in 3Q10. 


One area of management’s guidance that my numbers don’t currently match up with is the company’s outlook for restaurant level margins to decline 50 bps to 150 bps.   I am modeling closer to a 160 bp decline in margins for the full-year.  Obviously, where these numbers come in will be driven largely by how same-store sales trends play out for the balance of the year.  RT’s restaurant level margins have declined on a YOY basis for the last 11 quarters.  The YOY declines have continued despite the sequentially better same-store sales numbers because the company’s food costs as a percentage of sales have come under increased pressure from the company’s discounting and promotional efforts.  If the company is able to increase its average check and traffic in the back half of the year, then it will take some of the pressure off the food cost line and subsequently, restaurant level margins.


Fiscal 2010 should be another year of strong free cash flow for RT.  This free cash flow along with the $73 million in proceeds from the company’s equity offering in 1Q10 should allow the company to achieve its goal of paying down $165 million to $175 million of debt during the year.


RT has grossly outperformed its peers in the last year and that is with the group on average trading up 76%.  In the last six months, this outperformance has narrowed with RT up 10.7% versus its peers +9.6% move.  With RT’s top-line outperformance relative to Knapp Track likely to narrow from 1Q10 levels and margin comparisons getting more difficult in the back half of the year, I think it is unlikely that RT’s stock will have another year of outperformance.


RT - EARNINGS PREVIEW - RT stock price chart

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