How Much Have Global Equities Lost In Total Market Cap Since 2015 Bubble Peak?

Takeaway: Since the 2015 bubble peak, equities are down -10.5%.



That's $7.7 trillion...


How Much Have Global Equities Lost In Total Market Cap Since 2015 Bubble Peak? - bloomberg equity

Source: Bloomberg World Exchange market capitalization

Europe Imploding? Yup. Political Risk Rising Too

Takeaway: We remain bearish on the EUR/USD and reiterate our Q3 Macro theme of #EuropeImploding.

Europe Imploding? Yup. Political Risk Rising Too - facepalm


In Europe, political risk remains front and center.


The latest poll indicates that a third Spanish election would do nothing to resolve the political impasse.


Separately, Italy’s high court has approved a constitutional referendum, setting in motion a vote from Italians on whether to strip the Senate of most of its powers in order to streamline legislation. If defeated, PM Renzi has vowed to resign.


Uncertainty breeds contempt and contempt breeds investors heading for the exits, like they have been for the past year (see below). Remember, this says nothing about the slow moving trainwreck that is European economic data. We remain bearish on the EUR/USD and reiterate our Q3 Macro theme of #EuropeImploding


Europe Imploding? Yup. Political Risk Rising Too - europeimploding 2


Editor's Note: The snippet above is from a note Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough wrote for subscribers this morning. Click here to learn more.

0 for 3 | Productivity ↓, Costs ↑, Margins ↓

Making & Paying for Stuff:  In a most basic sense, how much stuff everyone can have depends on how many people are making stuff times how much stuff each person can make.  And corporate profits equal the difference between the price at which that stuff can be sold and the cost to produce it. 


Productivity = ↓ | How much stuff each person can make (productivity) fell for the 3rd quarter in a row in 2Q16, dropping -0.5% QoQ (-0.4% YoY) and marking the longest streak of negative sequential growth in 37 years.   Protracted declines in productivity inevitably flow through to real earnings growth and can persist for only so long until it feeds back negatively on hiring decisions.


Input Costs > Output Prices | Payroll growth rising faster than output growth is a different way of saying that productivity is going down.  And with Unit Labor Costs rising  +2.1% YoY and growing at a premium to output prices, the cost to produce stuff continues to grow faster than the price at which that stuff can be sold.  This, as we’ve seen in recent quarters, manifests as margin compression and lower corporate profitability.  Labor market strength is paid for via lower profitability and a declining share of natinal income flowing to capital. 


Given the labor and GDP data for 2Q we knew the official productivity and cost data for the quarter were going to be underwhelming but the print reflected a worsening trend.  If productivity remains negative and aggregate wages continue to rise faster than Nominal GDP, the current expectation for mid-teens SPX earnings growth over the next year will look increasingly quixotic.


0 for 3 | Productivity ↓, Costs ↑, Margins ↓ - Productivity QoQ   YoY


0 for 3 | Productivity ↓, Costs ↑, Margins ↓ - Labor vs Output


0 for 3 | Productivity ↓, Costs ↑, Margins ↓ - Input vs Output Prices


0 for 3 | Productivity ↓, Costs ↑, Margins ↓ - Productivity vs Real Earnings


0 for 3 | Productivity ↓, Costs ↑, Margins ↓ - SPX Operating Margin


0 for 3 | Productivity ↓, Costs ↑, Margins ↓ - Labor s Share of Income


Christian B. Drake


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WMT | Throwing Down The Gauntlet…Again

Takeaway: WMT/Jet deal raises bar for rest of competitive set. 1st wages, now e-comm. Growth in the space just got more expensive.

It was only 10 months ago that WMT came out and ripped the band-aid off at its Fall 2015 Analyst Day. There was a lot of detail embedded in that day (the transcript alone is 42 pages), but the key takeaway was that WMT wouldn’t hit 2015 earnings levels again until 2019 due to investments in three key buckets: Employees, E-commerce, and to a lesser extent, Price. While a struggling WMT has been a terrible barometer for all of retail, the company re-upped its commitment to the e-commerce bucket with the acquisition of


Let’s get it out up front and say that we think purchasing an unproven e-commerce business for ~6x sales, when AMZN trades at 3.7x, at the tail-end of an economic cycle is a poor use of shareholder capital. With that out of the way, we think that WMT just threw down the gauntlet for a second time to the rest of its competitive set, doubling down on the e-comm channel by bringing in outside assets. That lays down a precedent for everyone that the company competes against, telling its competition that WMT is willing to spend up in order to seek out new growth. We think the roadmap for the space from here gets increasingly more difficult as companies fight for dollars online and spend up to hold/win market share. That has obvious implications for TGT, KSS, M, etc.


Additional Details:


1) What’s Growthy? E-comm: This isn’t new insight by any means, but we think this provides a compelling visual to both a) explaining WMT’s decision to spend up in order to purchase talent/technology in the form of and b) the need for the rest of retail to compete in the new e-comm arms race. In 2015, the average reported growth rate ticked down to just 1%. But what we think is even more damning to retail as we know it (or once knew it) is the fact that Brick and Mortar growth excluding e-comm went negative for the first time during this economic cycle and the spread between the two opened up to 3% – the widest margin ever.

WMT | Throwing Down The Gauntlet…Again - e comm growth


2) One Reason…Unit Growth Done: Outside of the consumers’ willingness to shop for a bigger percent of more categories online – the other obvious explanation for the bifurcation between reported growth and brick and mortar growth for traditional retail is that the sq. ft. has all but dried up. The decline in aggregate sq. ft. began in 08/09, but that didn’t trickle up the supply chain to WMT/TGT and mid-tier department chains until 2015. There have been periodic closings along the way (JCP, SHLD) but not to the extent we saw at the end of the last fiscal year in the form of a) Macy’s closing 40 doors about 4x a normal year, b) KSS closing 18 doors for the first companywide closing in history, and c) WMT closing 102 Neighborhood Markets and 52 Supercenters (the first closing since calendar 2006).

Fast forward to where we are today for WMT, and  it’s pretty clear why the company made the decision to pay up 6x sales to buy Yes, AMZN is a threat and sq. ft. growth will never be part of the equation again, but WMT recognized that it had to shake things up after years of underinvestment in digital. Will it work? We’re not convinced that it will. But at the very least, WMT laid its battle plan down for everyone to see, and the rest of retail can either ante up or continue to lose relevance.

WMT | Throwing Down The Gauntlet…Again - e comm sqft


3) Margins A Consideration: By making this strategic decision, WMT all but confirmed where all of its growth could be attributed. Instead of sticking to the original build-it-internally plan, the company decided to bring in talent and technology to supplement what the company has been trying to build internally for 15 years. The difference here is that WMT, unlike just about every other competitor, has the balance sheet flexibility to absorb a deal of this magnitude without skipping a beat – we think it speaks volumes when we consider what type of investment is necessary from the rest of competitive set to keep pace.

From here, the setup for the space looks like this: i) net sq. ft. decline as concepts reconcile footprints and invest incremental capital to grow online biz, ii) brick and mortar growth continues to head negative with e-comm adding a buffer to prop up the top line, iii) margins head lower as companies continue to invest in e-comm precipitated by the moves from WMT and AMZN while deleveraging on the fixed cost of the vast store networks. We’ve already begun to see that roadmap take hold as the e-comm penetration ramped ~500bps over a two year time period after pretty measured growth from 2008-13. In turn, margins came off ~200bps as the reliance on e-commerce stepped up considerably.

WMT | Throwing Down The Gauntlet…Again - e comm margins


That margin drag has been exacerbated by the fact that e-commerce has proven to be, for the most part, cannibalistic instead of incremental (despite what management buzz might suggest). That’s a problem when the e-commerce channel comes in at a gross margin well below that of a brick and mortar sales. In the case of KSS, there is an 1000bps delta between the two channels – a heavy headwind to absorb when there isn’t a lot of fat to trim on company expense lines now facing wage inflation. Layer on the need to invest in DTC now that WMT upped the ante, paints a pretty bearish picture for the margin trajectory of this space over the near and long term.

WMT | Throwing Down The Gauntlet…Again - kss GM


4) Its not just WMT That’s Far Behind: WMT has the lowest e-commerce penetration in the group, which the company all but confirmed provided the impetus for the Jet deal yesterday. Fair enough, but the company isn’t the only laggard in the space. The obvious callout is TGT, with sales penetration in the ballpark of WMT-US, and well below 5%. TGT already backed off it’s 40% online growth CAGR targets it articulated at the 2015 Analyst day, and talked down the need to invest more heavily in that channel back in March. The WMT decision to spend up is the new data point, and we think the combination of pressure at both ends of the spectrum – WMT on the low end, AMZN on the high end – will make incremental growth from here more difficult. And that’s not just for TGT. As everyone (KSS, JCP, M) that competes with WMT/AMZN in this space must continue to invest in the direct channel in order to keep its share of the market.

WMT | Throwing Down The Gauntlet…Again - 8 9 2016 penetration chart5


About Everything | Q&A with Neil Howe: The Gig Economy is Alive and Growing

About Everything | Q&A with Neil Howe: The Gig Economy is Alive and Growing - gig econ

In this complimentary edition of About Everything, Hedgeye Demography Sector Head Neil Howe discusses the so-called "gig economy."

OPEC Oil Production "Freeze" Talk Will Have Similar Ending ... No Agreement

Takeaway: Target of Freeze Talk is sentiment not production. Saudi Arabia and Iran will not agree because the September timing is too soon.

Editor's Note: Below is a brief excerpt from an institutional research note written by Senior Energy Analyst Joe McMonigle on the resurfacing of OPEC oil production "freeze" speculation. For more information about our institutional research contact


OPEC Oil Production "Freeze" Talk Will Have Similar Ending ... No Agreement - Oil cartoon 12.28.2015


"We’ve seen this movie before: in response to low oil prices, a few producers propose a production freeze designed to talk up crude prices but has no real impact on fundamentals.


According to recent press reports, Venezuela, Kuwait and Ecuador are again pushing a production freeze in response to the recent dip in oil prices. Since OPEC meets informally at the upcoming International Energy Forum (IEF) in Algeria on September 26-28, some market participants believe the Production Freeze 2 has real legs pushing prices higher on Monday.


However, we believe the sequel to the production freeze will end the same with no agreement in September. We remain highly skeptical that any meaningful agreement will be reached or that it changes the outlook for oil markets. 


  • First, the production freeze is not a serious proposal but designed only as a public relations tool to effect sentiment and try to establish an artificial price floor. 
  • Second, Saudi Arabia and Iran will not agree to a production freeze because the September timing is too soon."


Additional oil-related Insights written by McMonigle:



**For more information about our institutional research contact

Hedgeye Statistics

The total percentage of successful long and short trading signals since the inception of Real-Time Alerts in August of 2008.

  • LONG SIGNALS 80.43%
  • SHORT SIGNALS 78.35%