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CHART OF THE DAY: Post-NIRP, European & Japanese Stocks Still Crashing

Editor's Note: Below is a brief excerpt and chart from today's Early Look written by Hedgeye Director Darius Dale. Click here to learn more.

 

"... In light of all the above, it’s easy to see why European and Japanese capital markets are imploding. The EuroStoxx 600 Index and TOPIX Index have crashed -20.7% and -25% from their respective 52-week closing price highs. Bank stocks are feeling the brunt of the pain amid NIRP-fueled scrutiny of their business models. Specifically, the EuroStoxx Banks Index has crashed -24.6% YTD, while the TOPIX Banks Index has crashed -22.6% from the BoJ’s 1/29 announcement of NIRP."

 

CHART OF THE DAY: Post-NIRP, European & Japanese Stocks Still Crashing - 4 6 Chart of the Day


Candy Coated Helicopters

“In the Bayesian framework, how much you believe something after you see the evidence depends not just on what the evidence shows, but on how much you believed it to begin with.”

-Jordan Ellenberg

 

That’s a more thoughtful way of stating the simple fact that preconceived notions matter – especially when it comes to data analysis and subsequent decision-making. In a very important chapter in a book I’ve been studying titled: How Not to Be Wrong: The Power of Mathematical Thinking, the author (Ellenberg) offers a succinct-yet-robust support of Bayesian inference, which itself is a core tenet of our macro research process.

 

On this specific subject, Ellenberg goes on to say:

 

“Just as the prior describes your beliefs before you see the evidence, the posterior describes your beliefs afterward.”

 

With respect to financial markets, one could argue that both the prior and posterior are fairly congruent – in #BeliefSystem terms, that is. Specifically, the belief that monetary easing, in all its increasingly glorious forms, is causal to the nominal growth needed to sustain and support risk asset prices is a very important prior that many investors tacitly assume.

 

And glorious they are. From ZIRP to NIRP, from QE to QQE, to explicit exchange rate targeting, to my personal favorite: “helicopter money”, central bankers the world over are digging deeper and deeper into their respective policy toolkits – and coming up with “the best acronyms” (Trump joke) – in order to instill one very important belief needed to keep the game going: that you can’t fight city hall.

 

The posterior – at least in the U.S. and specifically within the equity and credit markets – is that asset prices go up when the Fed eases, which is what Janet Yellen effectively did twice last month (once by communicating negative revisions to the FOMC’s Summary Economic Projections and Dot Plot and again two weeks later via explicitly dovish rhetoric during a lengthy speech at the Economic Club of New York). 

 

Candy Coated Helicopters - Yellen cartoon 03.31.2016

 

Back to the Global Macro Grind

 

Actually, no. Let’s pause for a minute to reflect upon the phrase “helicopter money”. I’m guessing most of you aren’t familiar with the hip-hop ensemble Cash Money Millionaires (from which Grammy Award winning artist Lil’ Wayne spawned), so allow me to explain. They effectively rose from the nothingness that is the slums of New Orleans to mega-fame in the early 2000s rapping mostly about money and things you could buy with money. The following is an excerpt from their 1999 hit single, “Bling Bling”:

 

“It’s the playa’ with the Lex[us] bubble…

Candy coated helicopter with the leather cover”

 

In the context of former hoodlums rapping about owning helicopters with tacky paint jobs, the phrase “helicopter money” seems a bit ridiculous, doesn’t it? If it doesn’t, now imagine a shirtless B.G. (group member) next to Janet Yellen hanging out the side of a helicopter “making it rain” with crisp twenty dollar bills.

 

Putting the humor of rap music videos aside, let’s revisit the #BeliefSystem in the U.S. one last time:

 

  1. 1Y Out Fed Funds Future Implied Yield, -9bps tighter MoM
  2. 2Y U.S. Treasury Note Yield, -13bps tighter MoM
  3. 10Y U.S. Treasury Bond Yield, -13bps tighter MoM
  4. U.S. Dollar Index, down -2.5% MoM
  5. S&P 500 Index, up +2.5% MoM
  6. Bloomberg High Yield Bond Index, up +2.1% MoM

 

In correlation terms, the SPX has a tight inverse correlation of -0.87 with the DXY over the past month vs. a fairly meaningful positive correlation of +0.70 over the trailing 3Y. This new data is important to evaluate in the context of updating the posterior belief highlighted above.

 

In that light, it is reasonable to conclude that the market has moved back into some version of the reflation-centric regime that prevailed for much of the early part of this economic expansion when monetary easing bore the greatest burden of the three principle components of relative and absolute factor exposure performance (i.e. growth, inflation and policy).

 

But is it reasonable to conclude that the implied directionality (i.e. dollar down, stocks up) is sustainable? Recall that a core tenet to Bayesian inference is to evaluate all relevant data in the context of prior beliefs and that the underlying prior belief underpinning reflation is that monetary easing can inflate nominal GDP growth irrespective of cyclical and secular headwinds. But how sound is that #BeliefSystem in light of the most recent evidence?

 

  1. Since December, both the ECB and BoJ have cut their respective deposit facility rates by -20bps to -0.4% and -0.1%, respectively. #NIRP
  2. This comes amid continued expansion in their respective balance sheets, which have increased $675B and $993B, respectively, on a YoY basis.
  3. The aforementioned easing has been adequately reflected in future policy rate expectations. Specifically, 2Y EUR and JPY OIS have tightened -34bps and -28bps, respectively, on a TTM peak-to-present basis.

 

What do these respective central banks have to show for such aggressive monetary easing?

 

  1. Not much on the growth front. Specifically, household consumption growth, industrial production growth, export growth, consumer and business confidence are now all slowing on a trending basis.
  2. Inflation expectations, as measured by EUR and JPY 5Y 5Y-forward inflation swaps, are trending lower as well, with the EUR measure recently hitting new all-time lows and the JPY measure recently dipping back into deflation territory for the first time since the LDP came into power in late-2012.
  3. With the EUR and JPY up +3.9% and +8.3% YoY vs. the USD, respectively, it’s no surprise to see that the TTM return on equity for the EuroStoxx 600 Index and TOPIX Index has compressed -196bps and -89bps, respectively. Corporate profit expectations have compressed as well, with NTM EPS for the respective indices having fallen -9% and -12.1%, respectively, on a TTM peak-to-present basis.
  4. In light of all the above, it’s easy to see why European and Japanese capital markets are imploding. The EuroStoxx 600 Index and TOPIX Index have crashed -20.7% and -25% from their respective 52-week closing price highs. Bank stocks are feeling the brunt of the pain amid NIRP-fueled scrutiny of their business models. Specifically, the EuroStoxx Banks Index has crashed -24.6% YTD, while the TOPIX Banks Index has crashed -22.6% from the BoJ’s 1/29 announcement of NIRP.

 

In light of that, I think it’s safe to conclude that “ex-U.S.” the central planning #BeliefSystem has decidedly broken down.

 

We’ll be discussing what we view as an elevated risk that the #BeliefSystem in the U.S. collapses over the intermediate term as it already has in Europe and Japan on our Q2 Macro Themes Call tomorrow at 11AM EST. Email for access.

 

Our immediate-term Global Macro Risk Ranges are now:

 

UST 10yr Yield 1.70-1.83% (bearish)

SPX 2020-2077 (bearish)
Nikkei 150 (bearish)

DAX 9 (bearish)

EUR/USD 1.11-1.14 (neutral)
YEN 110.19-112.95 (bullish)

Oil (WTI) 35.09-38.12 (bearish)

Gold 1 (bullish)

 

Keep your head on a swivel,

 

DD

 

Darius Dale

Director

 

Candy Coated Helicopters - 4 6 Chart of the Day


P | Fixing the Story

Takeaway: P could be a massive long under the right strategy, but remains on our bench until mgmt shifts its priorities (chart series at end of note).

KEY POINTS

  1. AD-SUPPORTED MODEL = FIZZLING OUT: We only need to look so far as P’s 4Q15 declining users, and worse, Local Ad Revenue growth that lagged the rate that it onboarded local reps in 2015 to realize that P shouldn’t continue prioritizing the ad-supported model that has already shown us its limitations.  We’re not suggesting that P sunset that model, but it would be better served as funnel to an expanded subscription offering that it could create overnight (see point 3).
  2. DIVERSIFICATION ISN’T ENOUGH: Ticketfly could have some promise, but for now it’s an unprofitable business growing at a slower rate than its core (at least before organic 4Q15 results).  P’s efforts to expand into the interactive market is definitely a promising opportunity, but the longer the negotiations go on, the greater the opportunity cost since it just allows more time for the competition to poach P’s prospective users.  Also remember that any negotiated terms will ultimately serve as precedent to Web V, which will slow down negotiations.  That said, there’s no guarantee that P will be able to offer an interactive product by 1Q17.
  3. CREATING A NEW MARKET: The only two streaming music products that P is currently offering is the ad-supported product and a $5/month all-you-can-eat non-interactive subscription, with nothing in between.  If P wants to own this space, and more importantly defend its turf, it needs to start offering something in the middle before somebody else does (i.e. tiered non-interactive subscription plans).  Don’t assume that market wouldn’t exist; P’s history with its listener caps and our survey results suggest otherwise; and that opportunity would be considerable.  But more importantly, this would be a strategic defensive move (retention) that could actually help drive conversion for P’s pending interactive product (up-sell).   
  4. BUT ON THE BENCH: As a reminder, we're out of the short, and we’re almost tempted to go long now that sentiment has all but troughed following the CEO departure.  But the longer mgmt waits to shift its priorities, the worse P’s prospects will become.  Outside of the potential churn and opportunity cost mentioned above, P is heavily levered to a cyclical Advertising industry, including Radio Advertising, which has been in secular decline.  Our Macro team suggests we could be moving into a recession this year.  If that’s the case, P is the last place we want to be.  But if P branches out into low-cost subscription model (today), it could be one of the only accelerating revenue growth stories on the street.  

 

AD-SUPPORTED MODEL = FIZZLING OUT

The problem with the ad-supported model is that its growth drivers are effectively double-edged swords.  Simply put, there are two drivers to the model: ad-load (aka sell-through) and expanding into Local Radio (price).

 

The problem with increasing ad load is that has been pushing P’s users away, which there is no denying anymore after down y/y users in 4Q15.  We estimate that P has churned through nearly 70% of its accounts since 2011, which can’t be explained away by duplicate accounts (see notes below).

 

P’s Local Radio expansion allows P to sell higher priced units, but that requires heavily investing in local reps.  Note that P’s Sales & Marketing expenses have consistently grown as a percentage of revenue since at least 2011.  The problem with the Local Radio push is that its sales reps' benefit wanes after the initial year or two after migrating ad load into the higher-priced local ad unit; in turn, becoming more dependent on ad load to drive growth. 

 

For context, P’s 4Q15 Local Ad Revenue growth of 34% was lower than the rate that it onboarded local reps at any point in the last 5 quarters, which is as far back as we can calculate y/y local sales rep growth.  There couldn’t be a scarier omen for the long-term viability of the Local Radio push, regardless of whatever explanation mgmt offers to justify it.

 

In short, P has already shown us the longer-term limitations of the ad-supported model.  We’re not suggesting that P sunset that model, but it would be better served as funnel to an expanded subscription offering that it could create overnight (point 3).

 

DIVERSIFICATION ISN’T ENOUGH

Ticketfly could have some promise, but for now it’s an unprofitable business growing at a slower rate than its core (at least before organic 4Q15 results).  By P’s own admission, the long-term opportunity of the business is fairly limited (5-Yr target of $300M); it’s almost not worth paying attention to.

 

P’s plan to expand into the interactive market (e.g. Spotify) is definitely a promising opportunity.  But the longer the negotiations go on, the greater the opportunity cost since it just allows for time for P’s interactive competition to poach those prospective users.

 

Also remember that any negotiated terms will ultimately serve as precedent to Web V since the interactive agreements have always been used as benchmarks.  In short, we suspect the labels are proceeding with caution in striking any deals, and P needs to strike deals with all three to offer an interactive product.  That said, there’s no guarantee that P will be able to offer an interactive product by 1Q17. 

 

CREATING A NEW MARKET

The only two streaming music products that P is offering today is the ad-supported product and a $5/month all-you-can eat non-interactive subscription, with nothing in between.  If P wants to own this space, and more importantly defend its turf, it needs to start offering something in the middle before somebody else does (i.e. tiered non-interactive subscription plans).  The reduced Web IV subscription royalty rate and clarity around annual rate increases gives P a lot of options to offer a tiered product that it can throttle by usage.   

 

The big question is demand since we’ve all been conditioned to believe that the user will never pay for music.  If we go back to the last time P implemented a listener cap, we can see a clear surge in demand for the subscription product, so we need to consider that availability of the free option is in some part facilitating that dynamic.

 

We also ran a small survey (n=1000) asking an open-ended question to gauge if there is a market for a tiered non-interactive subscription service.  Currently, only 35% would be willing to pay more $1/month to listen to Pandora ad-free, but given the APRU differential b/w those rates and P’s monthly Ad-Supported ARPU, the opportunity would be considerable (see table & scenario analysis below).  But even at a $1, there could be an opportunity to introduce an ad-lite product, especially in regions where sell-through (aka ad load) is tougher to achieve.  

 

The other potential obstacle is the 30% “Apple Tax”, but all P really needs to do bypass that tax is to incentive potential subs to register for the service outside of the app (e.g. a discount on its website).  For context, P’s subscription commission payments as a % of Subscription revenue averaged only 19% in 2015, so P has been able to work around that tax.  As an aside, S&M expense as a % of Ad Revenue (net commissions, direct marketing expenses, & SBE) averaged 26% in 2015. 

 

The other potential risk is cannibalizing existing Pandora One plans via downgrades into lower-tiered plans.  Naturally that is a risk, but it wouldn’t take much conversion of P’s Ad-Supported users into a lower-tiered subscription product to offset that risk given the considerable ARPU differential.  In the scenario analysis below, we detail the incremental upside to P’s NTM revenues assuming various levels of conversion into a tiered non-interactive subscription product.  We’re using very restrictive assumptions, including full cannibalization of its Pandora One user base into a lower tier.  We’re also bounding the upper range of conversion based on what Spotify has disclosed for conversion rates into its interactive product.  In short, we believe the opportunity is well worth the risk. 

 

But most importantly, offering tiered non-interactive subscription plans would be a defensive strategic move with potential upside.  Locking a user into an annual subscription inherently limits attrition, particularly of those would-be interactive subs into a competitor’s current product.  And whenever it is that P can actually offer the interactive product, the up-sell becomes that much easier for those users P has conditioned to pay for music through a cheaper subscription plan.

 

BUT ON THE BENCH

As a reminder, we’re out of the short.  We're almost tempted to go long now that sentiment has all but troughed following the CEO departure.  But the longer mgmt waits to shift its priorities, the worse P’s prospects will become.  Outside of the potential churn and opportunity cost mentioned above, P is heavily levered to a cyclical Advertising industry, including Radio Advertising, which has been in secular decline.  Our Macro team suggests we could be moving into a recession this year.  If that’s the case, P is the last place we want to be.  But if P branches out into low-cost subscription model (today), it could be one of the only accelerating revenue growth stories on the street.  

 

 

Please see chart series and selected notes below for supporting detail/analysis.  Let us know if you have any questions, or would like to discuss further.

 

Hesham Shaaban, CFA


@HedgeyeInternet 

 

P | Fixing the Story - P   Long Bench 1

P | Fixing the Story - P   Long Bench 2

P | Fixing the Story - P   Long Bench 3

P | Fixing the Story - P   Long Bench 4

P | Fixing the Story - P   Long Bench 5

P | Fixing the Story - P   Long Bench 8

P | Fixing the Story - P   Long Bench 6

P | Fixing the Story - P   Long Bench 9

 

 

P: New Best Idea (Short)
12/22/14 03:56 PM EST
[click here]

 

P: User Penetration Survey (N=20,000)

08/28/14 04:12 PM EDT

[click here]  


investing ideas

Risk Managed Long Term Investing for Pros

Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough handpicks the “best of the best” long and short ideas delivered to him by our team of over 30 research analysts across myriad sectors.

#LOWERHIGHS, #EARNINGS and EUROPE

Client Talking Points

#LOWERHIGHS

While industrial activity has stabilized against 13 months of negative comps, domestic service sector activity continues to slow off its mid-2015 highs. Headline ISM Services along with the Employment and New Orders components improved sequentially in March but the 9-month trend remains one of lower highs and lower lows.  On the Labor Front, the trend has been similar as yesterday’s JOLTS data for February showed Job Openings decline by -159K, continuing the 8-month retreat off the mid-2015 peak.  

#EARNINGS

Q1 earnings season kicks-off next week with the bulge bracket banks leading the way (JPM next Wednesday). If you think we’ll follow-up an awful Q4 2015 reporting season (S&P revs -4.0% Earnings -6.9%) with a rebound, think again. We won’t be lapping bad comps until at least Q3 of this year (reported in Q4). In Q1 of 2015, 8/10 sectors saw Y/Y earnings growth, and the one sector with awful earnings was energy, where WTI averaged $48.57 vs. $33.63 in Q1 0f this year. Don’t get excited about Q1 earnings season. It will be more of the same. #thecycle.  

EUROPE

Eurozone conflicted?  If the Brexit debate wasn’t enough, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble is out saying  “It's a problem of our common currency union that we have ... an independent central bank, which conducts unified monetary policy for 19 member states that is less favorable for Germany than for other countries.”  While we’ve identified the ECB’s conflicted policy framework for years, it underlines just how quickly risk can form across Eurozone assets.  For the EUR/USD cross we continue to suggest trading the immediate term range, $1.11-$1.14.

Asset Allocation

CASH 67% US EQUITIES 0%
INTL EQUITIES 0% COMMODITIES 6%
FIXED INCOME 23% INTL CURRENCIES 4%

Top Long Ideas

Company Ticker Sector Duration
MCD

McDonald's (MCD) hit an all-time highs last week. "They can't chase Energy Charts today, so they're just dog-piling into our long calls on GIS and MCD," wrote Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough on Friday.

 

We've said it before, McDonald's has all the style factors that we like during these turbulent macro market times; high market cap, low beta and liquidity. The stock is up 7.5% this year beating the S&P 500 by more than 600 bps. In August 2015, Restaurants analyst Howard Penney wrote that "2015 will be the last time this stock is below $100."

CME

CME Group (CME) stock is among the small cohort of financial companies that benefit from volatile markets. With the exchange's open interest continuing to expand, which will drag trading volume higher, CME Group is one of the few lower beta longs that will hold up relatively better in the current environment.

 

The exchange guided to just a +1% operating expense increase for 2016, guided to slightly lower annual taxes for '16 (with more activity coming from abroad), and again announced that open interest was setting a new record, at over 111 million contracts. Even assuming some mean reversion to just over 16.5 million contracts (depending on product group), 1Q is running at ~$1.20 per share in earnings, which means the Street will need to perk up its current $1.06 estimate. Simply put, this is one of the few growth stories in the current macro environment within Financials.

TLT

Non-Farm payroll additions came in over +200 again (+215K to be exact) and private sector wage growth was also “good,” increasing +4.2% year-over-year on Friday. We’re most concerned with "better" or "worse" from a rate of change perspective. The non-farm payroll number is "less good" (i.e. "worse") from a year-over-year rate-of-change perspective. Growth in non-farm payrolls peaked in February 2015 at +2.3% year-over-year and the trend since then has been one of decline (+2.0% Y/Y for March 2016). And private sector salary and wage growth peaked on a year-over-year percent change basis in December of 2014.

 

We remain bullish on Long Bonds (TLT and ZROZ), Utilities (XLU) and short Junk Bonds (JNK). We expect more alpha after what was a great Q1, as the back-end of the Treasury curve continues to get flatter regardless of Fed rate hikes. We were alone in that camp, in December, when we first told you that a rate hike was in fact good for long-duration Treasury bonds. Stick with what's worked.

 

Here's the Q1 2016 Scorecard (data through 3/31):

  • TLT +8.3%
  • XLU +14.7%
  • JNK +1.0%
  • versus S&P 500 +0.7%

Three for the Road

TWEET OF THE DAY

**New Video | Game Over. Central Bankers Can’t Do Anymore  https://app.hedgeye.com/insights/50122-game-over-central-bankers-can-t-do-anymore?type=video… cc @KeithMcCullough

@Hedgeye

QUOTE OF THE DAY

I'm not saying I'm gonna change the world, but I guarantee that I will spark the brain that will change the world.

Tupac Shakur

STAT OF THE DAY

Alaska Airlines will acquire Virgin America for $2.6 billion after a short bidding war with JetBlue.


[UNLOCKED] Keith's Daily Trading Ranges

We've made some new enhancements to Daily Trading Ranges - our proprietary buy and sell levels on major markets, commodities and currencies sent to subscribers weekday mornings by CEO Keith McCullough. Click here to view a brief video of McCullough explaining how to use it most effectively.

 

Subscribers now receive risk ranges for 20 tickers each day -  the last five of which are determined by what's flashing on Keith's screen and by what names subscribers are asking about. Click here to subscribe.

 

  • Bullish Trend
  • Bearish Trend
  • Neutral

INDEX BUY TRADE SELL TRADE PREV. CLOSE
UST10Y
10-Year U.S. Treasury Yield
1.83 1.70 1.73
SPX
S&P 500
2,020 2,077 2,045
RUT
Russell 2000
1,066 1,130 1,095
COMPQ
NASDAQ Composite
4,737 4,933 4,843
NIKK
Nikkei 225 Index
15,590 16,640 15,723
DAX
German DAX Composite
9,508 9,798 9,563
VIX
Volatility Index
13.01 19.38 15.42
USD
U.S. Dollar Index
94.01 95.99 94.64
EURUSD
Euro
1.11 1.14 1.14
USDJPY
Japanese Yen
110.19 112.95 110.29
WTIC
Light Crude Oil Spot Price
35.09 38.12 36.56
NATGAS
Natural Gas Spot Price
1.84 2.05 1.94
GOLD
Gold Spot Price
1,206 1,245 1,232
COPPER
Copper Spot Price
2.10 2.23 2.14
AAPL
Apple Inc.
104 112 109
AMZN
Amazon.com Inc.
560 609 586
MCD
McDonald's Inc.
122 128 127
XLU
Utilities Select Sector SPDR
48.06 50.13 48.67
TSLA
Tesla Motors Inc.
219 257 255
GM
General Motors Co.
29.15 30.99 29.60


Key Call-Outs (GDX, NEM, GG, ABX)

The extreme bearish to bullish reversal in sentiment YTD in gold happened quickly (Jan.-Feb.). The pace of relative bullishness has decelerated, but the market remains notably long of gold:

  • Gold is a chart with a story, and investors have repeatedly chased price on a lag. Gold has been a newsy item for the last month, AFTER the bullish move, and has since gone down on a 1-mth window (-3.6%) despite a 1) dovish pivot from the fed on growth and inflation; And, 2) a flatter curve and a weaker USD. Coincidentally historical USD/Gold correlations have broken down on that same window
  • Net Futures and Options Positioning is +2.3x/+2.3x Long on a 1Yr and 3Yr Z-Score Basis
  • After reaching the highest level of open interest since 2011 in March, the pace of open interest increases in all active futures months has slowed considerably, and is now flattening out. When put against the CFTC positioning, we know which way the outstanding OI is leaning
  • Option skew (prices investors are willing to pay for calls vs. puts in volatility terms) shows bullish sentiment, which like the CFTC positioning, is a classic indicator that chases price. Currently the surface is shaped exactly how it was in mid-October (upside calls more expensive than downside puts in volatility terms). The opposite shape was priced-in moving into 2016. Putting this chart next to the CFTC positioning chart shows the intermediate-term price risk to stretched positioning.   

Click HERE  for a link to our February note adding NEM to our best ideas short list. For the corresponding model and blackbook, feel free to ping us back directly.

 

Key Call-Outs (GDX, NEM, GG, ABX) - Gold Price vs. CFTC Net Positioning

Key Call-Outs (GDX, NEM, GG, ABX) - COMEX OI Build

Key Call-Outs (GDX, NEM, GG, ABX) - Vol Skew

 

 


Hedgeye Statistics

The total percentage of successful long and short trading signals since the inception of Real-Time Alerts in August of 2008.

  • LONG SIGNALS 80.32%
  • SHORT SIGNALS 78.48%
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