To be crystal clear, the Fed hiked rates last week into an industrial recession and corporate profit slow-down.
Yes, Atlanta Fed President Dennis Lockhart voted for a rate hike. And yes, today the Atlanta Fed cut it's own year-end GDP estimate.
In a speech on Monday, Lockhart just said that U.S. growth next year would be "improved...but not jumping off the charts...I am not going to overstate the momentum of the economy but it is solid and that is the way [the Fed's rate hike] decision should be interpreted." (Emphasis added)
Here's the exact wording from the Atlanta Fed's GDP estimate press release today:
"... The GDPNow model forecast for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the fourth quarter of 2015 is 1.3 percent on December 23, down from 1.9 percent on December 16. After yesterday's third-quarter GDP revision and this morning's personal income and outlays release, both from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, the nowcast for fourth-quarter real consumer spending growth fell from 2.6 percent to 2.1 percent. The nowcast for real residential investment growth fell from 8.0 percent to 0.9 percent after yesterday's existing-home sales release from the National Association of Realtors." (Emphasis added)
Well, there you have it. We'll stick with our #GrowthSlowing call.
Takeaway: The late-cycle, deceleration-ary march in the domestic macro data continues. PCE/Income/Durable Goods detail & cycle context below.
The late-cycle domestic macro data continued its slow, deceleration-ary march this morning with the Durables Goods and Income/Spending data for November.
As we continue to stress, “late-cycle” is a process not some discrete point on a macro sine curve and as the cycle traverses its twilight the rate-of-change peaks across a growing number of metrics continue to roll-in.
To summarily review the majors:
The November Detail:
Consumption: Household spending grew +0.3% MoM in November (after declining in October for the first time in 21-months) but decelerated on both a 1Y/2Y basis for a 2nd consecutive month as the savings rate held at a multi-year high (5.5%) and income growth decelerated further.
Income: Both DPI and aggregate Salary and Wage Income decelerated on a 1Y and 2Y basis as the dynamics highlighted above continued to define the 2nd derivative trend. Income growth should continue to decelerate from here against peak comps into year end.
Durable Goods: Headline Durable Goods Order growth decelerated to +0.0% sequentially but managed a second month of modest year-over-year acceleration. The improvement was largely a comp effect – and one that should remain a support to reported growth as we comp negative growth in 8 of the next 9 months.
Under the hood, Core Capex Orders continued to slump - recording negative growth for the 10th consecutive month and decelerating on all of MoM/1Y/2Y basis in November. Much like inflation's 4-year run of below-target "transience", the great capex renaissance remains 'just around the corner' and very much a phantasm.
Also concerning is the prevailing trend in Durable Goods Ex-Defense and Aircraft - which represents the stuff the average household actually buys – which saw a 7th straight month of negative YoY growth.
Darkness: In other, random positive inflection news, with the winter solstice now rearview, we're past peak on shortened daylight. Global luminary forces in the northern hemisphere will again marshal Mother Nature and her celestial minions to progressively overtake the oppresive fetters of the darkside ... so there's that, at least.
A visual tour of this morning’s data along with the historical cycle context below
Christian B. Drake
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We think there is an increasing probability that the U.S. economy enters a recession by 3Q 2016.
Below is a brief excerpt from a note that Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough sent to subscribers earlier this morning:
"... Yep. You got the recessionary industrial production print of down -1.2% year-over-year for NOV last week and you’ll get another recessionary Durable Goods print this morning – we signaled to short Industrials (XLI) and Caterpillar (CAT) and Wabtec (WAB) again on green yesterday."
(Editor's Note: See Real-Time Alerts for more information on these short calls.)
As you can see in the chart below, Industrial Production growth slowed to its lowest level since 2009, down -1.2% y/y...
Oh, and on Durable Goods...
"Durable Goods orders, more colloquially know as recessionary manufacturing data, decelerated across month-over-month and year-over-year," Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough wrote following the durable goods release. "Core Capex Orders, meanwhile, continued to slump — recording negative growth for the 10th consecutive month. Remember the Old Wall telling you 'capex is going to accelerate" 12 months ago? It slowed, big time."
There you have it. More data confirming our #Recession call.
Takeaway: In the week before the Fed's first rate hike this cycle, almost all risk asset classes saw withdrawals.
Editor's Note: This is a complimentary research note which was originally published December 17, 2015 by our Financials team. If you would like more info on how you can access our institutional research please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Investment Company Institute Mutual Fund Data and ETF Money Flow:
Almost all risk asset classes experienced net withdrawals in the 5-day period ending December 9th while investors shored up +$13 billion of cash in money market funds, the 8th inflow into cash products in the past 10 weeks aggregating over $85 billion. Other than money markets, only equity ETFs and municipal bond funds saw net positive flows with equity ETFs taking in +$4.1 billion and muni bond funds collecting +$825 million during the week. Meanwhile, taxable bond funds lost -$7.3 billion, their largest outflow of the quarter, on fears of high yield credit exposure. Domestic equity mutual funds lost another -$5.2 billion, bringing the YTD cumulative flow to -$160.2 billion.
With 30-40 day duration in most of their money fund portfolios, Federated Investors will now be able to add roughly 6 cents per quarter in new earnings starting in the middle of 1Q16 as new benchmark rates filter through the system (see our FII report).
In the most recent 5-day period ending December 9th, total equity mutual funds put up net outflows of -$6.4 billion, trailing the year-to-date weekly average outflow of -$1.1 billion and the 2014 average inflow of +$620 million. The outflow was composed of international stock fund withdrawals of -$1.2 billion and domestic stock fund withdrawals of -$5.2 billion. International equity funds have had positive flows in 41 of the last 52 weeks while domestic equity funds have had only 8 weeks of positive flows over the same time period.
Fixed income mutual funds put up net outflows of -$6.5 billion, trailing the year-to-date weekly average outflow of -$58 million and the 2014 average inflow of +$926 million. The outflow was composed of tax-free or municipal bond funds contributions of +$825 million and taxable bond funds withdrawals of -$7.3 billion.
Equity ETFs had net subscriptions of +$4.1 billion, outpacing the year-to-date weekly average inflow of +$2.4 billion and the 2014 average inflow of +$3.2 billion. Fixed income ETFs had net outflows of -$39 million, trailing the year-to-date weekly average inflow of +$1.1 billion and the 2014 average inflow of +$1.0 billion.
Mutual fund flow data is collected weekly from the Investment Company Institute (ICI) and represents a survey of 95% of the investment management industry's mutual fund assets. Mutual fund data largely reflects the actions of retail investors. Exchange traded fund (ETF) information is extracted from Bloomberg and is matched to the same weekly reporting schedule as the ICI mutual fund data. According to industry leader Blackrock (BLK), U.S. ETF participation is 60% institutional investors and 40% retail investors.
Most Recent 12 Week Flow in Millions by Mutual Fund Product: Chart data is the most recent 12 weeks from the ICI mutual fund survey and includes the weekly average for 2014 and the weekly year-to-date average for 2015:
Cumulative Annual Flow in Millions by Mutual Fund Product: Chart data is the cumulative fund flow from the ICI mutual fund survey for each year starting with 2008.
Most Recent 12 Week Flow within Equity and Fixed Income Exchange Traded Funds: Chart data is the most recent 12 weeks from Bloomberg's ETF database (matched to the Wednesday to Wednesday reporting format of the ICI), the weekly average for 2014, and the weekly year-to-date average for 2015. In the third table are the results of the weekly flows into and out of the major market and sector SPDRs:
Sector and Asset Class Weekly ETF and Year-to-Date Results: In sector SPDR callouts, investors withdrew -5% or -$306 million from the long treasury TLT ETF ahead of the Fed's first rate hike in seven years. Additionally, the industrials XLI also lost -5% or -$315 million.
Cumulative Annual Flow in Millions within Equity and Fixed Income Exchange Traded Funds: Chart data is the cumulative fund flow from Bloomberg's ETF database for each year starting with 2013.
The net of total equity mutual fund and ETF flows against total bond mutual fund and ETF flows totaled a positive +$4.1 billion spread for the week (-$2.4 billion of total equity outflow net of the -$6.5 billion outflow from fixed income; positive numbers imply greater money flow to stocks; negative numbers imply greater money flow to bonds). The 52-week moving average is +$858 million (more positive money flow to equities) with a 52-week high of +$27.9 billion (more positive money flow to equities) and a 52-week low of -$19.0 billion (negative numbers imply more positive money flow to bonds for the week.)
Exposures: The weekly data herein is important for the public asset managers with trends in mutual funds and ETFs impacting the companies with the following estimated revenue impact:
Editor's Note: Below is a brief excerpt and chart from today's Early Look written by Hedgeye Director of Research Daryl Jones. Click here to learn more.
"... Unfortunately for many Canadians, the Chart of the Day shows the real driver of the Canadian economy. In this chart, we look at the relationship between the Loonie and Oil. As shown, historically the relationship between the two is very tight, but this relationship has only tightened and now has a correlation of about 0.94. So as oil goes, so too goes the Canadian economy, despite what politicians might tell you."
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