Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy?

***While U.S. and European economic data and policy catalysts dominated macro headlines this week, that doesn't mean the rest of the world ceases to exist. In the note below, we apply our rate-of-change, four-quadrant GIP Model framework to each of the remaining major economies in the world. Additionally, we conclude each summary by offering up our detailed thoughts on how global investors should be allocated to each country from here.***



China: It was a busy week for Chinese economic releases with decidedly mixed results. While the trend of sharp deceleration in Chinese economic growth is decidedly over, the latest releases don’t necessarily suggest all is well and good in the mainland economy – citing the official NFLP Manufacturing PMI (NOV) and Industrial Profits (OCT) data in particular. With high-frequency growth indicators continuing to consistently come in on the lower end of historical ranges and various measures of inflation continuing to decelerate on both a sequential and trending basis, it only makes sense for Western investors to anticipated increased policy support to combat this #Quad4 setup, at the margins. But with 1Y OIS pricing in a stable outlook for policy rates (-4bps  spread vs. benchmark 7-Day Repo Rate; ~flat over the past 3M) we continue to pound the table on our belief that Beijing will continue to do what we think is necessary per the structural headwinds we’ve identified throughout the Chinese economy – i.e. downshift GDP growth in an orderly manner. Moreover, given that we don’t think the CNY is at risk of a material one-off devaluation (at worst, the currency is likely to be guided 15-20% lower throughout the next Five-Year Plan), we’d argue that China is decidedly “boring” again. If we’ve learned anything from this past summer’s volatility, that’s clearly a good thing. Investment conclusion: We would be neutral on China given that a near-perpetual state of #Quad4 is being counterbalanced by a continued unwind of pervasively bearish sentiment.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - China Economic Summary


Japan: It was a huge week for Japanese economic releases with the preponderance of growth data coming in fairly balanced. Looking across the preponderance of key high frequency indicators, it’s fair to say that despite a number of noteworthy sequential upticks (e.g. Manufacturing PMI (NOV), Retail Sales (OCT), Corporate Credit (OCT)), Japanese economic growth is still slowing on a trending basis. The Real PCE (OCT), Consumer Confidence (NOV), Services PMI (NOV) and Corporate Sales & Profits (3Q) data all support this conclusion. Meanwhile, the positive trend in Core CPI and 10Y Breakeven Rates continue to support inaction from the perspective of BoJ monetary policy – which is being confirmed by both short and long rates. The Nikkei 225 Index has had a solid move off its recent lows (up nearly +10% over the past 3M), but we wouldn’t necessarily chase it higher given the lack of a clear catalyst for either #GrowthAccelerating or QQE expansion (recall that the BoJ altered neither its policy nor its guidance at its latest meeting). Investment conclusion: We would be reluctantly overweight given the lack of clear alternatives in the global equity space; there simply aren’t many [other] places to “hide”.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Japan Economic Summary


India: This week brought us a solid 3Q GDP report, but the NOV PMI data confirmed what the SENSEX, INR and short rates have been signaling for the past month: Indian economic growth appears poised to inflect to the downside. Worse, the sequential and trending acceleration in Headline CPI is confirming what 1Y OIS are signaling – the path for the RBI’s benchmark rate is neutral at best. That was more-or-less confirmed at the recent RBI meeting in which Dr. Rajan left all policy rates unchanged. Investment conclusion: We would be underweight India in the context of the aforementioned #Quad3 outlook.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - India Econ Summary


South Korea: Another solid week for South Korean economic data – particularly for the manufacturing and export sectors, which remain under pressure per the latest Business Survey (DEC), Industrial Production (OCT), Exports (NOV) and Manufacturing PMI (NOV) data. Contrasting this are sequential and trending accelerations across Household Consumption and  Consumer Confidence. In addition to that noteworthy juxtaposition, muddled inflation trends (i.e. subdued Headline CPI at 1%, elevated Core CPI of 2.4% and negative PPI at -4.5%) would seem to put the BoK in a box from the perspective of monetary policy – which is being confirmed across both the long and short end of the KRW rates curve. Investment conclusion: The fundamental outlook is not bad enough to short or good enough to pound the table on the long side, so we would decidedly neutral on South Korea.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - South Korea Economic Summary


Australia: Big week for Australian economic data releases – the bulk of which confirmed the surprising resilience of the Australian economy to declining/depressed commodity prices and deteriorating outlooks for both terms of trade and CapEx. Specifically, Real GDP (3Q), Manufacturing PMI (NOV) and Retail Sales (OCT) all showed sequential strength. The AUD continues on its recent tear (up +3% over the past 3W and +6.2% over the past 3M) as the outlook for incremental easing of RBA monetary policy continues to dissipate – which is being confirmed across the AUD rates curve. Moreover, 10Y Breakeven Rates (2.24%; up +11bps MoM) would seem to suggest the path for the RBA’s policy rates may actually be higher over the NTM. Investment conclusion: A surprisingly sanguine domestic outlook that supports an overweight position is counterbalanced by our #GlobalDeflation theme which is supportive of an underweight position. As such, we would be neutral on Australia.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Australia Economic Summary


Taiwan: It was a light week in terms of economic releases, but the one meaningful data point that we did receive was quite positive: Manufacturing PMI (NOV). Looking across the preponderance of key high-frequency indicators, Taiwanese economic growth is generally accelerating – if not on a trending basis, then certainly on a sequential basis. Various measures of inflation are also accelerating on a trending basis, but remain decidedly subdued relative to historical observations. That coupled with a dovish inflation outlook among economist consensus should keep the CBC’s dovish tilt intact. Investment conclusion: The concoction of accelerating growth, subdued inflation, supportive policy and a relatively stable currency is fairly attractive given all that continues to transpire globally, so we would be overweight of Taiwan.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Taiwan Econ Summary


Indonesia: This was a #Quad4 style week in terms of Indonesian economic releases in that growth slowed per the Manufacturing PMI (NOV) and inflation decelerated per Headline and Core CPI (NOV). Looking across the preponderance of key high-frequency indicators, Indonesian economic growth is generally decelerating on both a sequential and trending basis – as is inflation. That said, however, neither 3M Deposit Rates nor 1Y OIS are confirming incremental monetary policy support is on the way anytime soon – likely due to the lack of currency stability associated with the country’s dual deficits. Investment conclusion: #Quad4 is bearish for risk assets – especially when there are no existing or pending policy measures attempting to offset the associated slowing – so we would be underweight of Indonesia.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Indonesia Econ Summary


Thailand: Big week for Thai economic releases with the key incremental news is the inflection in both Headline and Core CPI (NOV) from what had been a trend of acceleration and both remain expressly subdued from the perspective of historical observations. Despite this week’s soft Manufacturing Production (OCT) and Exports (OCT) data, the preponderance of key high-frequency indicators would seem to suggest Thai economic growth continues to accelerate on a trending basis – effectively implying a #Quad1 setup. Don’t tell that to the SET Index, however, which continues to make a series of lower-highs. We would expect the August lows to hold given the newfound stability in the THB, but that’s not a foregone conclusion. Investment conclusion: When the market doesn’t agree with the fundamental outlook, it’s best to remain on the sidelines and wait for confirmation. As such, we would be neutral on Thailand.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Thailand Econ Summary


Hong Kong: Big week for Hong Kong economic releases in terms of both volume and outcome. Specifically, an inflection in Hong Kong economic growth was confirmed by the Exports (OCT), Imports (OCT) and Retail Sales (OCT) data. While the Composite PMI came in flat for NOV, it continues to accelerate on a trending basis. That plus trending deceleration in Headline CPI readings effectively imply a #Quad1 setup. Investment conclusion: The confluence of a positive domestic fundamental outlook and receding bearish sentiment surrounding mainland China would render us overweight of Hong Kong.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Hong Kong Econ Summary


Singapore: Big week for Singapore in terms of economic releases, highlighted by sequential slowing in the Composite PMI (NOV) and Industrial Production (OCT). That plus extremely subdued Headline CPI and PPI figures (the former of which is slowing on a trending basis; the latter of which is down -14.3% YoY) would seem to imply a #Quad4 setup. In spite of this, market participants are not betting on incremental monetary policy support out of MAS judging by recent deltas in the SGD (up +1.9% over the past 3W) and in SGD rates (10Y Yield up +8bps WoW). Investment conclusion: Much like in Indonesia, we would look to be underweight this #Quad4 setup in the absence of meaningful policy support.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Singapore Econ Summary


Brazil: There continues to be a lot going on in Brazil from the perspective of both the real and political economies. Looking to the former, sequential accelerations in the Services PMI (NOV), Composite PMI (NOV) and Consumer Confidence (NOV) would argue that the services/consumption side of the economy is searching for a bottom, while sequential decelerations in the Manufacturing PMI (NOV), Industrial Production (OCT) and Real GDP (3Q) would seem to suggest Brazil’s worst recession in 25 years remains ongoing. Not to mention, a key measure of broad inflation accelerated in NOV and confirms the ongoing stagflation seen across trending accelerations in Headline CPI and PPI. On the political front, additional arrests of key ruling party members threaten to incrementally derail President Rousseff’s already-fledgling economic reform agenda – as most recently highlighted by BCB’s decision to leave its benchmark SELIC Rate unchanged for the third straight meeting in spite of the aforementioned peak rates of inflation. Investment conclusion: We’ve appropriately avoided the value trap that is Brazil’s seemingly never-ending #Quad3 setup and would remain underweight. Also, the BRL’s recent bounce to 3.75 per USD presents a decent short-selling opportunity in the context of Brazil’s fundamental outlook and ongoing #GlobalDeflation.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Brazil Economic Summary


Mexico: Big week for Mexico in terms of economic releases and it was a fair fight in terms of sequential improvement (IMEF Manufacturing Index (NOV) and Consumer Confidence (NOV)) and deterioration (Unemployment Rate (OCT) and IMEF Non-Manufacturing Index (NOV)). The Manufacturing PMI held flat in NOV, which more than likely sums up the Mexican economy – stalling. Juxtapose the trending deceleration in Household Consumption growth and trending acceleration in Consumer Confidence and it’s easy to paint a mixed picture for Mexican economic growth. On the inflation front, Headline CPI, Core CPI and PPI are all subdued relative to historical observations, but trending accelerations in the latter two series plus a outlook among economist consensus for a material ramp in the former over the NTM would seem to suggest Banxico is likely to get increasingly hawkish, at the margins. This is being reflected in the MXN (up +1.7% over the past 3M), as well as across the rates curve (3M Deposit Rates up +13bps MoM, 1Y OIS Spread at +87bps wide and 10Y Yields up +23bps MoM). Investment conclusion: An uninspiring fundamental outlook in conjunction with our bearish bias on the U.S. consumer that is already showing up in Mexican Export growth (down -7.4% YoY and decelerating on a trending basis) would render us underweight of Mexico.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Mexico Economic Summary


Russia: It was actually a pretty solid week from the perspective of the Russian economy, highlighted by sequential accelerations in the Services PMI (NOV) and Composite PMI (NOV) and sequential decelerations in both Headline and Core CPI (NOV). The Manufacturing PMI was more-or-less flat MoM as well. The consumer remains the lone holdout in terms of finding a bottom in Russian economic growth. Specifically, Household Consumption growth continues to crash (down -11.7% YoY = the worst growth rate in at least 10Y) while Consumer Confidence also continues to decelerate on a trending basis. While various measures of inflation are indeed trending lower across the board, they remain too elevated from the perspective of historical observations to support a material inflection in consumption growth at the current juncture. 3M Deposit Rates (down -10bps MoM) and 10Y Yields (down -41bps MoM) would seem to support a resumption of rate cuts, while the level and trend in 1Y OIS Spreads (currently +49bps wide and +14bps wider MoM) suggest investors are likely to be disappointed by whatever incremental easing may occur. Investment conclusion: Russia’s fundamental outlook is more #Quad4 than it is #Quad1 – especially in the context of ongoing #GlobalDeflation. As such, we would be underweight.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Russia Economic Summary


South Africa: This week’s slew of economic releases was generally disappointing, as highlighted by sequential decelerations in Business Confidence (4Q and NOV) and Manufacturing PMI (NOV) and a sequential uptick in PPI (OCT). The Composite PMI (NOV) and Vehicle Sales (NOV) were lone bright spots, but the absolute level of both would seem to suggest tepid economic growth at best. Looking across the preponderance of key high-frequency indicators, South African economic growth is decidedly decelerating, while Headline CPI has recently infected from a trend of deceleration. This points to an obvious #Quad3 setup and that much is implied by economist expectations for GDP growth and CPI in 2016. Moreover, the recent monetary tightening out of SARB is likely to weigh on South African economic growth on a lag, but inflation may remain sticky due to a lack of transmission to the currency market (ZAR down -3.6% and -13.9% over the past 3M and 6M, respectively). Moreover,  10Y Yields (up +22bps MoM) and inflation expectations ( 10Y Breakeven Rates = 6.91%; up +34bps MoM) both support a resumption of rate hikes in the not-too-distant future. Investment conclusion: The South African economy is mired in a classic #Quad3 stagflationary setup, which is more than enough reason for us to be underweight.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - South Africa Econ Summary


Turkey: Mixed week from the perspective of Turkish economic releases, as highlighted by the acceleration in Manufacturing PMI (NOV) and both Headline and Core CPI (NOV). PPI ticked down in NOV, but remains in a state of acceleration from a trending perspective. Layer on the murky juxtaposition between extremely subdued growth rates in both Household Consumption and Industrial Production (the both of which are decelerating on a trending basis) and decent Consumer Confidence and Business Confidence readings (the both of which are accelerating on a trending basis) and it’s easy to paint a confused outlook for the Turkish economy. That said, however, Turkish financial markets are clearly pricing in a #Quad3 setup over a #Quad2 outcome with the Borsa Instanbull 100 Index down -11.3% MoM, 3M Deposit Rates up +23bps MoM, 1Y OIS Spread +30bps wider MoM, 10Y Yields up +64bps MoM and the TRY down -1.1% MoM. Investment conclusion: In the absence of a high-conviction bullish fundamental outlook, we do not find it prudent to fight the market(s) here. As such, we would be underweight of Turkey.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - Turkey Economic Summary


Mind the Data!

While our competition likes to focus solely on survey readings and diffusion indices, we continue to think investors would be far better served to apply a more holistic view of economic trends to their respective investment processes. Below we contextualize the current state of the global growth using amalgamated trends across key high-frequency indicators throughout G20 economies. The simple conclusion is that global growth continues to slow on a trending basis.


Retail Sales: On balance, growth continues to decelerate on a trending basis across the G20.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - 1


Industrial Production: On balance, the trend of decelerating growth appears to be stalling out across the G20.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - 2


Exports: On balance, growth continues to decelerate on a trending basis across the G20. We simply can't understand how any investor can arrive at the conclusion that "global growth has bottomed" when export growth is down over -8% YoY, on average, across the G20. What does the crashing trend in global trade portend about world GDP and EPS growth in 2016?


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - 3


Composite PMIs: On balance, the trend of decelerating growth appears to be stalling out across the G20.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - 4


Business Confidence: On balance, growth continues to decelerate on a trending basis across the G20.


Are You Paying Enough Attention to the Global Economy? - 5


Feel free to email us with any follow-up questions and/or thought-provoking comments. The capsules above are intdened to be brief, so we're more than happy to provide additional color to the extent you'd like to dig deeper into any specific country. Enjoy the rest of your resepctive weekends!




Darius Dale


The Best of The Macro Show This Week


Miss The Macro Show this week? Here are three clips featuring Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough's trademark rants that detail how to use his risk ranges and some key portfolio considerations ahead of the much telegraphed Fed rate hike.

The Week Ahead

The Economic Data calendar for the week of the 7th of December through the 11th of December is full of critical releases and events. Here is a snapshot of some of the headline numbers that we will be focused on.



The Week Ahead - 12.04.15 Week Ahead

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Investing Ideas Newsletter

Takeaway: Current Investing Ideas: TIF, JNK, NUS, W, WAB, ZBH, FII, MCD, RH, LNKD, ZOES, GIS & TLT

Investing Ideas Newsletter - Rate hike Grinch 12.03.2015


Below are our analysts’ updates on our thirteen current high conviction long and short ideas. As a reminder, if nothing material has changed in the past week which would affect a particular idea, our analyst has noted this. We will send CEO Keith McCullough’s updated levels for each ticker in a separate email.



Earlier this week we sent out a stock report outlining Consumer Staples analyst Howard Penney's bearish thesis on Nu Skin. Click here to read the report.


Earlier this week we sent out a stock report outlining Financials analyst Jonathan Casteleyn's bullish thesis on Federated Investors. Click here to read the report. Below is an update from Casteleyn.


With the economic cycle eclipsing 72 months, we think it is time to get defensive. In addition to improved profitability from even marginally higher rates, the money fund business is attractive to us as it is about the time for capital to flow back to cash products as investors get defensive.


Over $1 trillion has come out of money funds sourcing the big bull market in stocks and bonds which becomes the longer term opportunity set for leading money fund managers.


With roughly 9% market share in industry money fund assets, Federated Investors will recapture these funds as returns in risk assets subside as the economy enters late cycle returns. We have modeled +$200 billion in positive money flow for the money fund industry in 2016 and +$400 billion for 2017. This assumption reflects some conservatism allowing for some funds to remain outside the money fund channel.


Every $100 billion in industry assets returning to money funds translates into $0.05 in annual EPS for Federated. Our FII estimates are $2.50 into next year versus the Street at $2.20.


Investing Ideas Newsletter - z chart 7

Investing Ideas Newsletter - z chart 8



To view our analyst's original report on Junk Bonds click here.


On went the game of slowing this week with a little central planning un-secretive sauce. Despite the ECB’s move to cut the deposit rate to -0.30%, Draghi didn’t ring the cowbell loud enough. Meanwhile, Friday’s jobs report might have been just enough for Janet to hike rates into a late cycle slowdown. The consensus long USD crowd was crushed on the ECB news. The dollar lost over 2% on Thursday and rates were pushed higher.


If growth is going to continue to slow, with a rate hike on the horizon, a relative fixed income spread play (long TLT, short JNK) is exactly what you want on.

The Jobs Report Friday highlighted a continuation of late-cycle labor market strength:

  • On an absolute basis, +211K jobs were added in November on a positive revision from October
  • On a rate of change basis NFP gains decelerated to +1.88% Y/Y for October, down from +2.04% in October (the peak on a rate-of-change basis was February at +2.34% Y/Y)


Investing Ideas Newsletter - 12.04.15 NFP


In classic #late-cycle fashion, the reported labor/income/consumption data will remain good over the next month+ but the slope of the line will remain negative. 


The bottom line is that the Fed looks very intent on hiking rates to show they can. However newsy a hike might be in the short-run, the Fed will have a difficult time ignoring the ongoing and prospective degradation in domestic economic growth that is embedded in our #LateCycle theme:

  • Various measures of household consumption growth (e.g. Real PCE, Retail Sales) are decelerating on both a sequential and trending basis;
  • Industrial production growth is decelerating on both a sequential and trending basis;
  • Export growth is decelerating on a trending basis and still contracting from a YoY perspective;
  • PMI readings are decelerating on both a sequential and trending basis;
  • Consumer confidence is decelerating on both a sequential and trending basis; and
  • Producer price inflation (a proxy for corporate revenue growth) is decelerating on both a sequential and trending basis.


Investing Ideas Newsletter - 12.04.15 Economic indicators


Rate hike, or not, we expect the bond market to remain the proxy for forward looking growth expectations. It’s been a long ride with TLT, but stick with us for direction as this trade continues to unfold. 


Editor's note: We added LinkedIn to Investing Ideas on August 3rd. Since then shares have risen over 18% while the S&P 500 has fallen 1.17%.To view the original report on LinkedIn click here. 


Our Internet & Media Sector Head Hesham Shaaban has no new update on LinkedIn (LNKD) this week.


To view our analyst's original note on Wabtec click here.


As rail congestion picked up in 2014, the slower speeds tended to pull equipment on to the track. Now that speeds are picking back up, we expect that equipment to be pushed back out.  One can think of it as turning existing assets more quickly.


NSC illustrates the relationship below.  More speed results in less equipment in service. If speeds continue higher, freight railroads may find themselves with ample excess equipment and reduced aftermarket needs amid slow volume growth – a negative combination for Wabtec (W).


Investing Ideas Newsletter - wab traffic 


To view our analyst's original report on Tiffany click here.


The market might have blown off this ugly print, but we're not.


Tiffany (TIF) will miss again. We’re staying short TIF in the wake of the company’s 3Q results. Simply put, in the absence of 2016 guidance, the consensus will remain too high – likely in the range of $4.30-$4.40. We’re clocking in about $0.30 lower. Is that a huge miss? No. But:

  1. We also don’t assume a material worsening in the economy in our model, which could push numbers closer to $3.50.
  2. After last holiday’s blow-up, the Street was at $4.45 for FY15, and now is at $4.02. Not a huge earnings miss by our standards – yet the stock is down 28% year to date. There’s no reason we can’t, and won’t, see that again.


To view our analyst's original report on Wayfair click here.


The Holiday sales numbers Wayfair (W) reported this week were big with direct sales up 130% this year and up 103% on a 2yr basis.


Management called out the fact that it would up the ante during this holiday season in areas like seasonal décor, housewares, etc. as it realized last year that could play the Black Friday game in areas less tied to furniture and more directly competitive with retailers like Bed Bath, Target, Walmart, Kohl’s, etc.


While the press release came 6 weeks ahead of last year's, there was no comment this year on the number or percent of orders that were placed by repeat customers which is an interesting omission in its own right.


Also, let’s not forget two things:

  1. Most people did not know what Wayfair was last Black Friday
  2. People don’t use Black Friday as an excuse to buy higher-ticket/margin furniture.

The bottom line on Wayfair is that this company is spending – and it’s spending big – around penetrating what management believes to be the company’s TAM. Unfortunately, we think they are overestimating it by a country mile, and are building an infrastructure for growth that will not materialize – at least not profitably.


To view our analyst's original report on Restoration Hardware click here.


A lot has happened in 13 weeks... not the least of which is that 
Restoration Hardware (RH) is underperforming not only the market by 16%, but Retail as well (by 7%) – despite RH being more insulated from some of the issues that are clipping earnings today for retailers more broadly. 


Over this time period, however, RH meaningfully accelerated square footage growth, launched two new concepts. Some say it’s bad timing. We disagree. RH is our favorite name in the retail space, and we like it across all three durations. Trade, Trend, and Tail.


Editor's note: We added McDonald's to Investing Ideas on August 11th. Since then shares of MCD have risen 16.9% compared to a -0.7% return for the S&P 500. To view our original note on McDonald's click here.


Restaurants Sector Head Howard Penney had no material update on McDonald's (MCD) this week. However, here is what Penney wrote around when we added MCD to Investing Ideas. It's worth reiterating our high conviction in the stock: 


"We continue to get more bullish every time we talk to the company, franchisees and/or customers which we have polled via conducting surveys. We are going to be looking at a much different company 1-3 years from now."  


"Urgency has been instilled from the top down by new CEO Steve Easterbrook," according to Penney. "This ship is in gear and headed north. 2015 will be the last time this stock is below $100."


To view our analyst's original report on Zimmer Biomet click here. 


As growth in employment slows, the impact to Zimmer Biomet's (ZBH) America’s Knee revenue growth rate is likely to slow as well.   While it’s not perfect in the very short term, the trajectory seems pretty clear to us. 


From our Macro Team, we’ve been seeing ample evidence that the US and global economies continue to slow. For Non-farm payrolls in the US that means the peak growth rate in February 2015 likely marks the top of any economic tailwind we might see in patients heading into the operating theater.


Investing Ideas Newsletter - nfp tobin


Not that getting surgery is the first thing I would think to do if I was benefitting from a strong economy, but that won’t stop consensus from thinking positive economic growth = positive Knee growth. If you’re wondering, we do think the drivers are much less obvious, but simple none the less.


Does it make more sense that employment in Outpatient Care Centers might be more tightly related to Knee surgical volume? We think so and the chart below suggests as much. If I was giving an estimation of the impact of the “economy” and ZBH, I think it’s probably more informative to believe a slightly more elaborate statement.


Investing Ideas Newsletter - macro monitor


Slowing economic growth => slowing employment => slowing insured population => slowing heathcare demand => slowing outpatient care center employment


ZBH has other complicating issues in the shorter term such as the CCJR, pricing, demographics, but as long as the statement above holds together, and the data comes our way, we’re staying short the stock.


We might add the Q415 preliminary to the Employment Outpatient to the chart above.


General Mills (GIS) continues to be one of our top ideas in the Consumer Staples sector. Sector head Howard Penney loves the name for its characteristics during this macro driven market. Big-cap, low-beta, and their line of sight at growing the top line in a meaningful way, are contributors to our LONG thesis.


Since adding GIS to Investing Ideas at the end of May, the stock is up 3.8% versus down 1.6% for the S&P. 


"Zoës Kitchen (ZOES) was never a one or two quarter call for us," Hedgeye Managing Director Howard Penney recently wrote.


Given the high multiple nature of the stock, it is ultra-sensitive to the volatile market. This stock does not contain style factors that the market likes right now (high-beta, low-cap), so we expected a turbulent ride, but you must stay strong and buy on the dips.


This week was a prime example, with the stock off 2.5% through Tuesday but then rallied, finishing the week essentially flat (-0.3%). Such selloffs create great buying opportunities. As Penney wrote recently, "we would be buyers of ZOES on any big down day."


There was nothing wrong with the latest quarter. Besides the comp number missing expectations slightly (4.5%, versus consensus expectations of 5.4%), ZOES reported revenue of $56.4 million, representing 29.4% YoY growth and beat consensus expectations of $55.7 million. The company also raised its guidance. 


For longer-term investors, ZOES is still one of our high-conviction stocks.

Cartoon of the Day: 'I Think I Can, I Think I Can...'

Cartoon of the Day: 'I Think I Can, I Think I Can...' - rate hike cartoon 12.04.2015


"I will be shocked if the Fed doesn't raise rates on this super #LateCycle jobs report," wrote Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough earlier today. "For those of you measuring US jobs in rate of change terms, 211k is yet another #slowing vs. the Q1 Labor Cycle peak."


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME

Takeaway: CME's 4Q15 Y/Y change remains negative given the tough 4Q14 comp, but activity expanded Y/Y in Nov and is continuing to expand in Dec.

Weekly Activity Wrap Up

Trading activity for equities and options was light in the 5-day period ending December 3rd, which included the Friday after Thanksgiving. Cash equity volume came in at 6.6 billion shares traded per day, bringing the 4Q15TD ADV down to 7.0 billion, which is flat versus 4Q14 and -4% lower than 3Q15. Options put up an average of 13.2 million contracts per day this week, blending the quarter-to-date daily average to 16.3 million, -6% lower Y/Y and -10% lower Q/Q.


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon1


Total futures activity (both on CME and ICE) came in at 18.7 million contracts per day in the most recent 5 days, blending 4Q15TD ADV to 18.3 million, a -5% Y/Y change and -2% Q/Q change. Although quarterly comps are still tough against last year with the threat of the Grexit in 4Q14, monthly activity is starting to accelerate. Activity levels on CME rose to +6% in November Y/Y and December is comping currently at +15% higher. In concert with rising activity, open interest levels are up +10% from year-end 2014 which will drag trading volume to higher levels into 2016. We estimate that CME should also announce its variable dividend of up to $3 per share over the next 2 weeks continuing to make shares attractive in the short run as well.


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon16




U.S. Cash Equity Detail

U.S. cash equity trading came in at 6.6 billion shares traded per day this week. That brings the fourth quarter average to 7.0 billion shares traded per day, a 0% Y/Y change and -4% Q/Q contraction. The market share battle for volume is mixed. The New York Stock Exchange/ICE is taking a 24% share of fourth-quarter volume, a +2% year-over-year increase, while NASDAQ is taking an 18% share, a -10% year-over-year decline.


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon2


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon3


U.S. Options Detail

U.S. options activity came in at a 13.2 million ADV this week, bringing the 4Q15TD average to 16.3 million, a -6% Y/Y and -10% Q/Q contraction. The market share battle amongst venues continues to be one of losses at the NYSE/ICE, which has lost -7% of its share year-over-year settling at 19% of options trading currently. Additionally, CBOE's market share sits at 25%, -16% lower than 4Q14. NASDAQ, on the other hand, has increased its market share by +15% compared to 3Q15, bringing itself only -1% lower than the 24% share it held a year ago. Additionally, BATS' 8% share of 4Q15TD volume is +34% higher than in 4Q14. Finally ISE/Deutsche's 15% share in 4Q15TD remains consistent with 3Q15, which brings it to +7% Y/Y growth.


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon4


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon5


U.S. Futures Detail

CME Group activity came in at 13.2 million contracts traded per day, bringing the 4Q15TD average to 13.4 million, a -10% Y/Y and -7% Q/Q contraction. CME open interest, the most important beacon of forward activity, currently tallies 103.4 million CME contracts pending, good for +10% growth over the 93.7 million pending at the end of 4Q14, an improvement from last week's +9%.


ICE saw volume of 5.5 million contracts traded per day this week, bringing 4Q15TD ADV to 4.9 million, +12% Y/Y and +15% Q/Q growth. ICE open interest this week tallied 69.4 million contracts, a +17% expansion versus the 59.4 million contracts open at the end of 4Q14, an improvement from last week's +12%.


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon6


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon8


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon7


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon9 


Monthly Historical View

Monthly activity levels give a broader perspective of exchange based trends. As volatility levels, measured by the VIX, MOVE, and FX Vol should rise to normal levels after the drastic compression this cycle, we expect all marketplaces to experience higher activity levels.


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon10


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon11


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon12


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon13


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon14

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon15


Sector Revenue Exposure

The exchange sector has broadly diversified its revenue exposure over 10 years as public entities with varying top line sensitivity to the enclosed trading volume data. The table below highlights how trading volumes will flow through the various operating models at NASDAQ, CME Group, ICE, and Virtu:


HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | Acceleration at CME - XMon19 3



Please let us know of any questions,


Jonathan Casteleyn, CFA, CMT 




 Joshua Steiner, CFA





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