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BREAKING: Draghi To Double Down on 'Whatever It Takes'

Takeaway: ECB President hints at easing after acknowledging deflationary risks.

BREAKING: Draghi To Double Down on 'Whatever It Takes' - Draghi cartoon 01.08.2015

 

ECB President Mario “Whatever It Takes” Draghi is teeing up another round of quantitative easing. Draghi addressed the European Parliament this morning ahead of the central bank’s December policy meeting. During the Q&A, Draghi’s responses were exceptionally dovish:

 

“The option of doing nothing would go against price stability… That is what will outline the strategy for the coming months.”

 

BREAKING: Draghi To Double Down on 'Whatever It Takes' - ecb draghi

 

In a note to subscribers, Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough broke down Draghi’s comments and the recent policy about-face:

 

“After suggesting #Deflation wasn’t a risk and European growth was 'encouraging,' our man Mario (ECB President Mario Draghi) pivots to 'downside risks are now clearly visible … and inflation dynamics have weakened.' Finally, some #truth. Don’t forget that Down Euro = #Deflation via Strong USD.”

 

In related deflationary news, commodities are getting crushed.

 

BREAKING: Draghi To Double Down on 'Whatever It Takes' - crb chart

 

BREAKING: Draghi To Double Down on 'Whatever It Takes' - copper dr

 

It is just an awful November for whoever bought into the “reflation” thing that our competition has been pitching since July. 


KSS | Sell Green

Takeaway: This quarter was ALL Financial Engineering and Nike channel fill. Both will end. Short the stock.

Given all the noise in retail these past few weeks (and Macy’s yesterday), we completely agree that the KSS print looks bullish at face value.  After all, 7% EPS growth is about as good as KSS could hope for, even if 600bp of it came from financial engineering and the other 100bp came from Nike (yes, ALL of KSS’ incremental revenue had a Swoosh on it). The irony here is that if you dial the clock back 3 weeks and look at estimates before the Street downwardly adjusted due to concerns over the Sector, this would have been a perfectly in-line comp, EBIT and EPS number.  Importantly, we think that the 6% growth from financial engineering on top of a 3.9% dividend yield will placate the growing angst among existing KSS shareholders in the wake of the 44% drop in the stock off the March highs. We want to be as clear as day on our positioning here – we would absolutely bet against the ‘it’s a great cash flow’ story, and would short it today into strength (which, ironically again, is at the same exact level it was a week ago).  We think that earnings will fall by $1.50 from here, which will threaten management’s ability to buy back stock and ultimately, threaten the dividend. Once cash flow support goes away, then we’re left with KSS trading at 7-8x $2.50 in EPS, which leaves us with a stock in the high teens. Yes, it will take a number of years for this to play out. But if you’re tempted to chase this ‘cheap’ stock in the $40s – don’t.

 

If there was anything in the print that challenges our thesis it is that credit income was ‘up’. It could be up $10, $100k, or $10mm. Of course, management won’t disclose. If it turns out to be $10mm, then we’re going to have to get sharper on timing of when our Credit Call plays out. If it is up marginally, then we’ve started to see the beginning of the end.

 

KSS | Sell Green - KSS earnings

 

Below is our previous note on KSS from 11/10

 

KSS | HERE’S WHY KSS IS EXPENSIVE

 

Takeaway: Miss or no miss, KSS should start with a 2. Major unappreciated risks: credit, online, labor costs, full penetration, 40mm sq ft too many. 

 

It’s hardly a unique line of thought – given the sales weakness across retail -- that KSS is likely to miss or guide down on Thursday. After all, the stock is off 25% since the 2Q print, which in itself was off by yet another 25% decline 13 weeks earlier. While we find it odd that short interest is sitting at 18 month lows, it’s pretty obvious that expectations into Thursday are for a miss. While we share that line of thought, we want to be clear about something…the REAL reason we are short KSS has yet to meaningfully transpire. We have high conviction that this will begin to play out over the next six months, which should result in at least another 25% downside in the stock – for starters.

 

The REAL Short Case

The real part of the story we think people are missing has to do with KSS Credit, and the dangerously elevated risk that exists regardless of whether the consumer environment or credit cycle weakens.  The punchline is that KSS recognizes about $430mm, or 25% of cash flow, in the form of credit income. There’s nothing wrong with that – though people should understand that it is booked as a counter-cost, artificially lowering reported SG&A. In other words, KSS SG&A of $1.6bn is actually over $2bn. That’s about $1.50 per share in earnings associated with credit. At face value, it appears that KSS grew SG&A by a 0.9% CAGR over the past 4 years, but in actuality it grew by 2.3%. A mere 140bps might not seem like much, but it’s rather HUGE for a zero-square footage growth retailer that can’t comp.

KSS | Sell Green - kss chart1 11 10

 

That, by itself is nothing more than flagging a part of KSS model that is certainly taken for granted – until the cycle rolls. But our view is that credit income will begin to go down, hence taking up SG&A meaningfully and threatening earnings. Here’s why…

 

The History of KSS Credit Is Actually A Statement About the Future Growth. Consider the following chain of events (outlined in the chart below).

  1. Back in 1995, KSS wisely took advantage of a strong environment for proprietary credit by starting the Kohl’s card. Good move.
  2. Fast Forward to 2006 -- the company sold the credit portfolio to JPM/Chase – another timely move. KSS had only 650 stores at that point, and Chase rode the wave as KSS broadened its footprint to over 1,000 stores – and $250 in credit income for KSS.
  3. But in 2011 – about the same time KSS meaningfully slowed the growth rate in its footprint, Chase saw its growth rate in this portfolio slow dramatically as KSS hit a wall with customer acquisition. The options were to add more stores to find new customers (impossible), or lower FICO standards to acquire a lesser quality consumer.
  4. Solution? Switch to Capital One who has ‘easier’ credit standards and was willing to take one lower-quality customers in KSS existing markets. Over the next four years, credit income went up by a full $1.00 per share to nearly $1.50. Again, this represented higher spending by a more marginal consumer as the economic recovery shifted into innings 4 through 8.
  5. Then, in 2014 the COF partnership hit a wall, and had to either lower consumer credit standards again or find a new party who would underwrite the marginal consumer. That’s when KSS started its own Yes2You rewards plan. This is a non-credit plan, but importantly it offers rewards members similar promotional benefits as if they were Kohl’s Card holders. This is targeted at the people that would not have been approved for the COF card. Again…targeted at people who were not approved for a Capital One Card! Note: the COF agreement is still in place. It simply does not have SSS growth opportunity as it once did.
  6. Our research suggests that there is a high probability of cannibalization. For example, a person who previously got rewards points through buying with the COF/KSS card could now go ahead and buy the same merchandise, get the same discounts, but sap down their Mastercard, Visa, Amex, Diner’s Club…whatever. The sale still shows up on the top line, but no longer is the corresponding credit charge netted against SG&A. There is absolutely no way we can rationalize that this is anything other than #bad for KSS.

KSS | Sell Green - kss chart2 11 10

KSS | Sell Green - kss chart3 11 10
 

This whole ‘cannibalization thing’ is not just theoretical. Our survey work shows that there is a 16 point delta in credit card usage between a KSS card holder and Y2Y rewards member only.

KSS | Sell Green - kss chart4 11 10

 

This Was Inevitable

Why would KSS do this? Because it HAD TO. If it’s history of credit partners doesn’t tell the story, then simple penetration math does.  Based on our calculations, KSS has already attracted 75% of the potential customer base to its stores every year.  We can assure just about anyone that the last 25% costs a lot more to acquire than the middle 50%.

KSS | Sell Green - kss chart5 11 10

 

“But KSS Is So Cheap”

Optically, KSS is trading at 10x forward earnings, 5x EBITDA, and a 10% free cash flow yield. Yes, that’s definitely cheap. But that assumes that the Street’s numbers are right. We think they’re off by a wide margin. We think a base-case 2016 number is 20% below the consensus – or $3.90, and a more beared-up number of $2.50 – assuming credit cannibalization, a weaker and more deflationary retail environment, and slight pressure in the base credit business. In this case, KSS is trading at 20x earnings and a 6.5% FCF yield. Hardly ‘cheap’ considering that department stores have traded over 20% FCF yield in past downturns.

 

Here Are Some Factors to Consider on the Upcoming Quarter

 

Comps – This stock has gone from high expectations to low expectations in just six months, collapsing by 44% from the April pre-earnings euphoria that KSS would actually put up a 4-5% 1Q comp. Unfortunately for the Bulls, KSS gifted them a 1.5% 1Q comp, and then proceeded to miss 2Q as well (0.1% vs 1.5% expectations).

Consensus comp expectations for the 3rd quarter have come down by 180bps from 2.5% to 0.7% a level that we think is actually very doable in the grand scheme of KSS. Is that enough to make the stock work? Not at a 17x multiple when management was hosting a different investor group every week to bolster expectations like we saw in 1Q. But how bout today with KSS at 9.7x the Street’s NTM estimate? Yes, it probably is – at least over the near term until the street contextualizes the ramp we need to see in the business organically for the company to hit 4Q numbers which calls for a 280bps pop in the 2yr trend line.

 

Margins – On the margin side there is a lot more good news baked into consensus numbers as we head into 2H. To get to managements guidance (we characterize that as ‘best case’) which calls for 0bps to 20bps of GM improvement and 1.5% to 2.5% SG&A growth for the year and hasn’t been updated since the company reported numbers in February we need to assume the following…

  • GM – flat to up 30bps to hit the top end of the range in the face of a) a negative sales to inventory spread of -8% the worst number we’ve seen in 2+yrs, b) bloated inventories across the wholesale channel cited by, VFC, SKX, RL, FINL, NKE, etc., c) a growing dependence on e-comm, though the company no longer reports that number, it’s been the only part of the sales equation actually growing and it comes at a GM 1000bps below a brick and mortar sale, d) rising shipping costs as retailers in this space use ‘free shipping’ as the offensive weapon of choice this holiday season, and e) the 2nd warmest September in history and warmest October since 1963. Remember that the GM leverage guide was predicated on the assumption that inventory would be tightly managed in order to offset e-comm dilution, that’s a much tougher assumption to make in this current environment. Yet, consensus is still modeling 3 years of GM expansion.

SG&A – growth of 1-3% in 2H to get to the top and bottom end of the guided range which implies slight leverage best case and 35bps of deleverage worst case. With 80% of costs fixed its largely a function of what the company prints on the comp line and how much its able generate through its credit portfolio which we think is tapped and was out comped by non-credit for the first time in recent memory last quarter. That coupled with the rising retail wages this holiday season in the face of a 5% employment rate and wage inflation brought on by the $9.00 minimum wage mandate at two of the three biggest employers in the retail space (WMT & TGT) = a tough comp on the expense line.


Ponzi Policy? The Incestuous Mechanics of Quantitative Easing

In this excerpt of The Macro Show earlier this morning, Hedgeye U.S. Macro analyst Christian Drake explains the Fed's quantitative easing program and the massive impact it has on U.S. Treasury debt payments.  

 

Subscribe to The Macro Show today for access to this and all other episodes. 

 

Subscribe to Hedgeye on YouTube for all of our free video content.

 

 


investing ideas

Risk Managed Long Term Investing for Pros

Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough handpicks the “best of the best” long and short ideas delivered to him by our team of over 30 research analysts across myriad sectors.

REPLAY | GOLD FLUSH? MATERIALS SECTOR LAUNCH CALL

We are hosted a kick-off call for Hedgeye Materials coverage on Thursday, November 12th and will illustrated our investment process in the Gold Mining industry.

watch a reply BELOW. 

 

Gold Bugs Bitten:  Gold prices in dollars have declined since 2011, despite two incremental rounds of quantitative easing and perpetual zero interest rates.  US long bonds have performed well in a similar environment.  What are the gold bugs missing?  We’ll put forth our data-driven take in our Materials launch deck.

 

Differentiated Sector Approach: The Materials coverage team of Jay VanSciver and Ben Ryan applies our experience in cyclicals, macroeconomics, and commodities to produce Best-Idea focused, process-driven Materials sector research. 

 

Our research process has three key components:

  • Structural Weakness/Strength: Identify structural vulnerability or resiliency in commodity related business (e.g. over/under capacity, demand susceptibility, deteriorating/improving structural position) that should have a dominant impact on market prices.
  • Unidentified Supply/Demand Changes:  We then look within those industries to see if consensus estimates for production or consumption are likely to prove incorrect based on our data-driven proprietary forecasts ranges.
  • Identify Companies Valued Inappropriately Relative To Forecast:  Deep-dive company specific valuation work oriented toward finding effective exposure our broader commodity thesis.  We align with our firm's top-down macro view when applicable.

 

Coverage To Broaden: While we believe the Gold Mining Industry provides a clear platform to demonstrate our process, our coverage will expand in coming quarters to areas where we see the best alpha opportunities.  We plan to host at least one Best Ideas call per quarter and to publish daily/weekly sector highlights, in addition to key research notes.

 

Call Details:

Toll Free:

Toll:

Confirmation Number: 13623545

Presentation Link: Materials Launch

 

As always, our prepared remarks will be followed by a live, anonymous Q&A session. Please submit your questions to . Also, for those of you who cannot join us live, we will be distributing a replay video of the call shortly after it concludes.

 

REPLAY | GOLD FLUSH? MATERIALS SECTOR LAUNCH CALL - Gold


WATCH LIVE | GOLD FLUSH? MATERIALS SECTOR LAUNCH CALL (NEM, ABX, GOLD MINERS)

REPLAY below

 

We are hosting a kick-off call for Hedgeye Materials coverage TODAY (Thursday, November 12th at 1:00 P.M.), and will illustrate our investment process in the Gold Mining industry.

WATCH LIVE | GOLD FLUSH? MATERIALS SECTOR LAUNCH CALL (NEM, ABX, GOLD MINERS) - L.T. Gold Price Chart

                    

Gold Bugs Bitten:  Gold prices in dollars have declined since 2011, despite two incremental rounds of quantitative easing and perpetual zero interest rates.  US long bonds have performed well in a similar environment.  What are the gold bugs missing?  We’ll put forth our data-driven take in our Materials launch deck.

 

Differentiated Sector Approach: The Materials coverage team of Jay VanSciver and Ben Ryan applies our experience in cyclicals, macroeconomics, and commodities to produce Best-Idea focused, process-driven Materials sector research. 

 

Our research process has three key components:

  • Structural Weakness/Strength: Identify structural vulnerability or resiliency in commodity related business (e.g. over/under capacity, demand susceptibility, deteriorating/improving structural position) that should have a dominant impact on market prices.
  • Unidentified Supply/Demand Changes:  We then look within those industries to see if consensus estimates for production or consumption are likely to prove incorrect based on our data-driven proprietary forecasts ranges.
  • Identify Companies Valued Inappropriately Relative To Forecast:  Deep-dive company specific valuation work oriented toward finding effective exposure our broader commodity thesis.  We align with our firm's top-down macro view when applicable.

 

Coverage To Broaden: While we believe the Gold Mining Industry provides a clear platform to demonstrate our process, our coverage will expand in coming quarters to areas where we see the best alpha opportunities.  We plan to host at least one Best Ideas call per quarter and to publish daily/weekly sector highlights, in addition to key research notes.

 

Call Details:

Toll Free:

Toll:

Confirmation Number: 13623545

Presentation Link: Materials Launch

 

As always, our prepared remarks will be followed by a live, anonymous Q&A session. Please submit your questions to . Also, for those of you who cannot join us live, we will be distributing a replay video of the call shortly after it concludes.


FINANCIALS SENTIMENT SCOREBOARD - JPMorgan (JPM) AND FEDERATED INVESTORS (FII)

Takeaway: We are flagging JPMorgan (JPM - Score: 93) (short) and Federated Investors (FII - Score: 15) (long) on sentiment and short interest.

This morning we are publishing our updated Hedgeye Financials Sentiment Scoreboard in conjunction with the release of the latest short interest data last night. Our Scoreboard now evaluates over 300 companies across the Financials complex.

 

The Scoreboard combines buyside and sell-side sentiment measures. It standardizes those measures to an index of 0-100, where 100 is the best possible sentiment ranking and 0 is the worst. Our analysis shows that a contrarian strategy can be employed successfully by taking the other side of stocks with extreme readings in sentiment, either bullish or bearish. Once sentiment reaches these extreme levels, it becomes a very asymmetric setup wherein expectations become too high or too low.  

 

We’ve quantified the tipping points for high and low sentiment. Specifically, we've found that scores of 20 or lower have a positive, average expected return while scores of 90 or greater are more likely to underperform.

 

Specifically, our backtest of 10,400 observations over a 10-year period found that stocks with scores of 0-10 went on to produce an average absolute return of +23.9% over the following 12-month period. Scores of 10-20 produced an average absolute return of +11.9%. At the other end of the spectrum, stocks with sentiment scores of 90-100 produced average negative absolute returns of -10.3% over the following 12-months.

 

The first table below breaks the 300 companies into a few major categories and ranks all the components on a relative basis. The second table breaks the group into smaller subsectors and again gives them relative rankings within those subsectors. 

 

FINANCIALS SENTIMENT SCOREBOARD - JPMorgan (JPM) AND FEDERATED INVESTORS (FII) - SI1 2

 

FINANCIALS SENTIMENT SCOREBOARD - JPMorgan (JPM) AND FEDERATED INVESTORS (FII) - SI2

 

FINANCIALS SENTIMENT SCOREBOARD - JPMorgan (JPM) AND FEDERATED INVESTORS (FII) - SI3

 

The following is an excerpt from our 90 page black book entitled “Betting Against the Herd: Generating Alpha From Sentiment Extremes Across Financials.”

 

Let us know if you would like to receive a copy of our black book, which explains this system and its applications.

 

BUYS / LONGS: Financials with extremely low sentiment readings of 20 and below on our index (0-100) show strong average outperformance in absolute and relative terms across 3, 6 and 12 month subsequent durations.  Stocks with sentiment ratings of 20 or lower rise an average of +15.1% over the next 12 months in absolute terms.   

 

SELLS / SHORTS: Financials with extremely high sentiment readings of 90 and above on our proprietary sentiment index (0-100) demonstrate a marked tendency to underperform in absolute and relative terms across 3, 6 and 12 month subsequent durations.  Stocks with sentiment ratings of 90 or greater fall in value an average of -10.3% over the next 12 months in absolute terms. 

 

 

FINANCIALS SENTIMENT SCOREBOARD - JPMorgan (JPM) AND FEDERATED INVESTORS (FII) - Absolute 12 mo

 

 

Joshua Steiner, CFA

 

Jonathan Casteleyn, CFA, CMT


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