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Takeaway: The VIX is settling into the sweet spot of 20-40 which historically is the best range for incremental exchange volume.

Weekly Activity Wrap Up

Futures activity continues to rise, coming in strongly this week at an average 19.8 million contracts per day, exceeding the third-quarter-to-date average of 18.8 million. That brings the third quarter to a +7% year-over-year and +7% quarter-over-quarter expansion. Our Best Idea in the sector continues to be the CME Group (CME). As the chart below shows, volatility tends to be seasonally high as we move into the "back to work" months of September and October and CME Group exchange volumes have already begun to benefit from this trend. See our recent note on the company which highlights the back-end-loaded nature of the stock's returns given historical Fall volatility and a year-end special dividend.

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon18

U.S. cash equity volume averaged 6.4 billion shares this week, bringing the third quarter to a 7.2 billion ADV, an expansion of +27% Y/Y and +14% Q/Q. U.S. equity options activity averaged 16.7 million contracts this week. Year-over-year growth in U.S. options is tracking at +16%.

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon1

U.S. Cash Equity Detail

U.S. cash equity trading finished the week at 6.4 billion shares traded which is blending to a 7.2 billion daily average thus far for the 3rd quarter of 2015. This is +27% year-over-year growth for U.S. stock activity. The market share battle for volume is mixed. The New York Stock Exchange/ICE's share of third-quarter volume remains at 24%. NASDAQ's share also remained unchanged week over week at 19%, 100 bps lower than last year, a -4% decline.

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon2

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon3

U.S. Options Detail

U.S. options activity came in at a 16.7 million ADV this week which is blending 3Q15 activity to 18.3 million contracts per day, up +21% quarter-over-quarter and +16% year-over-year. The market share battle amongst venues continues to be one of losses at both the NYSE/ICE and NASDAQ. NYSE has lost 400 basis points of share year-over-year settling at just 18% of options trading currently. NASDAQ has shed 300 basis points of share, good for a -14% loss from last year as ISE/Deutsche Boerse and BATS mop up volume and share.

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon4

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon5

U.S. Futures Detail

CME Group volume came in this week at 14.6 million contracts. That blends 3Q15 volume to a 14.6 million average level, a +8% year-over-year expansion. CME open interest, the most important beacon of forward activity, currently tallies 97.2 million CME contracts pending, good for +15% growth over the 84.1 million pending at the beginning of 2014, a contraction from the prior week's +25%.

Activity levels on the futures side at ICE hit 5.2 million contracts this week, with 3Q15 blending to a 4.2 million daily average, a +4% year-over-year expansion. ICE open interest this week tallied 63.1 million contracts, a -9% contraction versus the 69.2 million contracts open at the beginning of 2014, a deterioration from the prior week's -6%.

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon6

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon8

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon7

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon9

Monthly Historical View

Monthly activity levels give a broader perspective of exchange based trends. As volatility levels, measured by the VIX, MOVE, and FX Vol should rise to normal levels after the drastic compression this cycle, we expect all marketplaces to experience higher activity levels.

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon10

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon11

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon12

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon13

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon14

 HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon15

Sector Revenue Exposure

The exchange sector has broadly diversified its revenue exposure over 10 years as public entities with varying top line sensitivity to the enclosed trading volume data. The table below highlights how trading volumes will flow through the various operating models at NASDAQ, CME Group, ICE, and Virtu:

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon19 3

 We recently presented our investment thesis on the Exchanges. To summarize,

  • Long CME:  Financially oriented CME Group (CME) is enjoying a long awaited boom in activity, as trader counts and open interest in Treasuries, Eurodollars, and FX products are swelling. The decade long concentration on trading energy and commodities is over and with steeply shaped forward curves and more profitable opportunities, financial products are seeing rapid adoption. 
  • Short ICE: We see collateral damage from the ongoing rapid price decline in energy and commodity markets. As a result, these important products at ICE will be less active than the Street expects, as commercial hedging and speculative energy trading dries up.

We think CME has $5 per share in earnings power in the out year and the stock will revisit near $140. As outlined in our presentation deck and replay below, a CME long position can also be paired with a short ICE position, with favorable fundamental exposures on each side of the trade.

Separately, recent IPO Virtu (VIRT) is being valued incorrectly by the market. Our main qualm is that the company takes intraday prop risk, but has no tangible equity capital to cover any potential trading losses. Shares of VIRT are currently on our Best Ideas list as a short with a fair value in the mid-teens (30-40% downside).

Hedgeye Exchange Black Book Replay HERE

Hedgeye Exchanges Black Book Materials HERE

HEDGEYE Exchange Tracker | The Sweet Spot - XMon20

 Please let us know of any questions,

Jonathan Casteleyn, CFA, CMT 



 Joshua Steiner, CFA