The Macro Show Replay | August 27, 2015


August 27, 2015

August 27, 2015 - Screen Shot 2015 08 27 at 7.46.45 AM



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Hedgeye Cartoon of the Day

Hedgeye Cartoon of the Day - bull riding cartoon 08.26.2015


Hedgeye U.S. Macro Analyst Christian Drake in today's Early Look:


...As it stands, every S&P Sector is currently bearish TRADE & TREND in the @Hedgeye model.  Select securities may present compelling short-term long opportunities but, in this setup, attempting to knife-catch beta is not an exercise in fiduciary excellence.   


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Takeaway: A sequential decline in U.S. production won’t be steep enough to curb the supply glut that will continue into the Fall Season.

To answer our own question on when a domestic production slowdown will give a lift to crude oil prices, a rolling over of U.S. production would have to be much more drastic from a first and second derivative perspective for a fundamental and psychological price floor to develop.


Domestic production IS rolling over, but U.S. production remains resilient with production per region continuing to show lopsided Y/Y gains vs. what could (even optimistically) be absorbed:


DOMESTIC CRUDE PRODUCTION: LOTS OF IT....STILL - Regional Production and Rig Table


The headline numbers from the EIA for monthly production have been scrutinized, but all production reported is subject to more accurate revision. In May and June the EIA upwardly revised previously reported production numbers for March and April. Data reported for August now shows the opposite type of revision. Previously reported production numbers have been downwardly revised.

The most updated production data shows that vs. June’s release, updated production levels for August have been downwardly revised for March, April, May, and June.




An ongoing argument continues as to whether the supply glut is in fact an excess of oil being produced or if the demand picture is just that poor. Arguments can be made for both, but for several reasons below we outline why overproduction will continue to overpower both demand for tight oil and infrastructural capabilities in the near future.

Production may be rolling over, but considering the fact that inventories still remain near all-time highs after going through a seasonal summer drawdown where motor gasoline consumption recovered to near pre-crisis levels and refinery capacity utilization touched all-time highs, it’s hard to argue weak DEMAND for refined products is the stronger factor contributing to a supply glut. Even after this week’s big draw, it’s reasonable to expect inventories to move right back to all-time highs, testing the logistical ability to deal with it.


DOMESTIC CRUDE PRODUCTION: LOTS OF IT....STILL - Refinery Inputs Vs. Utilization


DOMESTIC CRUDE PRODUCTION: LOTS OF IT....STILL - DOE Regional Inventories Bar Chart and Map






How much more crude will refineries eat up now that 1) the summer driving season is over; 2) we’re entering refinery maintenance season? Despite a big draw this week, inventories are expected to tick higher by seasonal default, but how much higher can they go anyway?

A newsy topic in the spring, the big build-up in inventories was centered on the Cushing, OK build where inventories are currently +180% Y/Y.  




Refiners continue to develop more storage capacity which can’t happen fast enough:

  • Aggregate working crude oil storage capacity is +2.9% Y/Y
  • Tank Farm storage capacity in Cushing is +6.1% Y/Y

Even so, transportation and the light/heavy processing problems in the Gulf are stickier problems that face near term constraints.

If a seasonal inventory build commences, Cushing inventory levels have the potential to move to concerning levels again with the lack of infrastructural ability of gulf refineries to handle a continued increase in crude flows from America’s main trading hub in Cushing.

Refinery maintenance season is around the corner at the same time gulf refineries are trying to reconfigure to adequately handle the influx of tight oil (domestic shale) over traditional, heavier imported crude.  

For evidence of the problem, Genscape estimates that both the Kinder Morgan Crude and Condensate Pipeline and the Eagle Ford pipeline from Eagle Ford to Houston are only running at half of nameplate capacity because of congestion inhibiting crude to bypass Houston to Louisiana refineries via pipeline. Much of it is being transported by barge and oil tankers, a much more expensive form of transportation.  

A new deal like the Swap agreement with Mexico’s state-run Pemex (U.S. swaps tight oil for heavier crude capable of being processed by gulf refineries) will temporarily help the infrastructural mismatch in Houston, but the bottom line is that storage and transportation capacity constraints will creep back into the picture moving into the fall before adequate infrastructure is put in place.

Ex. A currency catalyst to devalue the USD and support prices (which is highly possible for a brief relation trade: see our recent note), we expect deflationary macro headwinds and the fundamental supply picture domestically to continue pressuring a sustained price recovery into the fall season. The forward curve reflects this shift in psychology which usually happens the longer the "unbelievable" becomes a reality. The curve is flatter 1,2,3-years at this lower low than it was at the January and March lows in WTI.


DOMESTIC CRUDE PRODUCTION: LOTS OF IT....STILL - forward curve comparison graph




Ben Ryan




Got $VIX? Risk Happens Slowly, Then All At Once

For much of the past 3.5 years, the VIX has been range-bound between 10-20, with occasional blips to 25 on front-month contracts.


Got $VIX? Risk Happens Slowly, Then All At Once  - z volatility


And then it happens...






Yesterday’s close of 36.02 confirms a bullish phase transition for U.S. equity volatility that is unlikely to go away anytime soon. It's rocketed +213% higher in just one month. The move was eerily reminiscent of the 8/8/11 rip in the VIX that preceded several months of 30+ VIX closes.


With the Fed gearing up to make a policy mistake in the coming months, could we be looking at a similar setup?

LNKD: Notes from 10-Q & IR

Takeaway: Post-print color from the 10-Q & IR below. Fundamental long thesis in tact, but a sheepish mgmt team remains the risk.


  1. DISPLAY EVAPORATES? IR confirmed that the $34M organic guidance cut was essentially all due to display advertising, citing lack of visibility.  Note that display advertising generated $48M in 1H15 revenues, so by cutting 2015 guidance by $34M, mgmt is essentially assuming that display revenues evaporates overnight in 2H15, which obviously doesn't make sense since display was flat q/q in 2Q15, and 4Q is a seasonally strong quarter.  In short, mgmt just wanted display ad revenues out its guidance.  
  2. LYNDA GROWING FASTER THAN EXPECTED: Mgmt suggested during the Lynda acquisition announcement that Lynda generated $150M in 2014 revenue, "growing at about mid-20% range".  According to data from the 10-Q, Lynda on a stand-alone basis generated $87M in 1H15 revenue (38% y/y growth).  However, we're not sure how that relates to Lynda guidance because of the unknown acquisition accounting impact on deferred revenues.
  3. SALESFORCE RAMP CONTINUES:  According to the 10-Q, Sales & Marketing headcount grew 61% y/y in 2Q15, an acceleration from 51% growth in 1Q15.  IR suggested that ~30% of its ~500 acquired Lynda employees were S&M personnel; after backing that out, we estimate that S&M headcount grew 52%-54% y/y.  We see the ongoing salesforce ramp as an investment given the improving selling environment (see note below for detail and tracker).
  4. ARPU IMPACT MOSTLY FX: IR attributed the 2Q15 slow down in ARPU primarily to Fx, which hampered revenues by 3%. That is the same percentage mgmt stated for 1Q15, so that can't fully explain the slowdown.  We suspect that the surge in net LCS account growth also contributed to the slowdown.  We did learn that 2Q15 net LCS account growth tilted toward SMBs, which could be a slight headwind to ARPU.  However, Fx comps ease in 2H15.
  5. NET-NET, COMES DOWN TO MGMT: No incremental changes to our thesis post 10-Q and IR.  We continue to see upside to 2015 estimates from the ongoing investment in its salesforce into an improving selling environment, which we see as a coiled spring.  However, a sheepish mgmt team remains the concern.  There can't be any ambiguity to guidance on its next print after crying wolf two quarters in a row.  We have relayed that message to company; hopefully it gets that this time around.


See the note below for supporting detail/analysis on our long thesis.  Let us know if you have any questions or would like to discuss further.


Hesham Shaaban, CFA



LNKD: New Best Idea (Long)
07/14/15 08:00 AM EDT
[click here]

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