Today's edition of The Macro Show with Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough features a can't-miss special appearance by Hedgeye Energy Sector Head Kevin Kaiser.
Takeaway: We continue to like PENN over the intermediate and long term but negative same store revs in March could pressure regional gaming stocks
Early weekly revenue read from a few markets is mixed as a much weaker Pennsylvania was offset by a stronger Missouri.
Hosted by Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough at 9:00am ET, this special online broadcast offers smart investors and traders of all stripes the sharpest insights and clearest market analysis available on Wall Street.
The Hedgeye Macro team will be hosting a conference call on Tuesday, March 17th at 11:00AM EST to discuss the current state of the domestic labor market and the implications for the path of monetary policy.
We'll present a comprehensive review of the current domestic labor market dynamics, profile the prevailing trends and contextualize the recent data within the context of the labor and economic cycles over the last half-century.
Watch the replay of this presentation below.
KEY AREAS OF FOCUS WILL INCLUDE:
***As always, there will be an audio-visual replay distributed after the call.***
The Hedgeye Macro Team
Takeaway: Longer-term trends, the current position in the business cycle, and the outlook for the U.S. Dollar all line-up for more downside risk.
This note was originally published March 05, 2015 at 11:51 in Macro. For more information on our services for smaller, individual investors click here.
There is one thing we can be sure of with regards to long-term commodity prices over the long run:
They will continue to go up and down, falling just as far as they rose in real-terms, from cycle to cycle.
In the shorter run, which is where we all make our tactical investing returns, we think there are two key reasons commodity prices, especially in the raw material and metals space, could move lower from here:
1) The Hedgeye macro view is that the U.S. dollar, WHICH HAS ALWAYS LED THE BIG TURNS IN CYCLES ACROSS DURATIONS, looks like it will continue to strengthen over the intermediate to longer-term even if we briefly transition from QUAD 4 to QUAD 1 and back again; and
2) There is a cap-ex cycle in the commodities space which lasts longer than the normal business cycle on average, and we are now on the back-end of BOTH cycles.
The table below is separated into 6 periods of large inflections in dollar and inflation adjusted growth, spanning across 8 business cycles. In this period of time we’ve experienced 2 longer resources-related capital investment cycles (back-end of the 2nd currently):
1. 1970s inflation (Bretton Woods)
2. Early 1980s recession and contractionary policy
3. Mid-1980s-mid-1990s expansion
4. Clinton – tight policy, strong dollar deleveraging
5. Greenspan de-regulation, low interest rate era (post tech-bubble through 08’ and still currently a part of the commodities bubble)
6. Great recession-to-present (commodity prices down from 2010 bubble but still room to run)
There is a clear pattern that emerges, which seems to be very similar to our current cycle:
USD/Growth Inflection --> inflection in metals (early cycle materials) --> inflection in Ags. And Energy (consumer-based)
Clearly, as the dollar goes, so too goes the price of many key commodities. Not to view the dollar as the only factor to consider, but certainly getting the direction of the USD right will enable us to get the price direction of many of these commodities right.
The existence of “super-cycles” as some call it, are longer than business cycles because of the capital intensive nature of bringing product online.
We thought the following quote from Otaviano Canuto of the World Bank was a good description of the normal chain of events:
“Reports on previous cycles and price volatility have been more convergent. These works tend to agree on the localization of at least three super-cycles of commodities since the 19th century, as well as one initiated at the end of the 1990s. Typically 20-year boom periods have reflected strong demand associated with moments of rapid industrialisation and urbanisation – as in the case of the US in the 1890s, or China in the 2000s – in which supply takes a long while before matching that demand. When this happens, periods of much lower commodity prices follow.”
Now that iron ore capacity has matched that demand, we have observed the end result several years after the demand picture turns sour. In other resource-heavy areas, this downside is just beginning.
Simply put, the amount of time elapsed between making an investment decision (capital spent), bringing production online, and getting those top-line revenue streams often spans over multiple business cycles. Supply does in fact take longer to match the demand and investment decisions tend to be made at times when the spread between the cash cost of production and per/unit selling price are the widest (that NPV picture looks most attractive).
Look no further than this current cap-ex cycle. Investments that were made before the Great Recession are just now being finished:
Mid-cycle commodity bubble investment decisions --> Great Recession --> investment goes on through the next cycle to the 2010 bubble highs and beyond --> the over-investment is now unraveling in some areas, (iron ore and copper) with others to follow
The aftermath will bring more pain:
Like iron ore and copper, fertilizer is a mature industry that pivots on a number of very accessible and very abundant resources, and the demand for fertilizer (both nitrogen, phosphate, and potash-based) has followed a slow and steady climb for a long period of time. Given this dynamic, the above table tells the picture of “supply coming late” to meet demand. However the question we would ask is:
Were low-interest policies inflating commodities prices circa Greenspan deregulation (selling vs. cash cost) or was there as long period of under-investment lagging a demand increase for some of the most abundant resources on earth?
There is quite a bit of evidence for the former...
The charts re-purposed below, and sourced from the World Bank and OECD, also provide support for the existence of this longer-cycle with the previous two evidenced in the tables above.
Pulling back the magnifying glass gives a peek at where we are in the longer cycle. There are a few key takeaways we would like to point out:
1) Commodity prices go down over the long-term driven by a surplus of investment in inflationary periods (Oil is the only commodity that has appreciated in real-terms over the long-term)
2) Not surprisingly the metals (early-cycle materials specifically) segment tracks global GDP pretty closely
A risk management strategy molded by predicting how long the current cycles will last is not something we subscribe to, but we acknowledge that longer cap-ex cycles do exist in the industrials, materials, and mining space and they take longer to manifest than a business cycle.
Considering we’re on the back-end of both of these longer-term cycles, we remain bearish on the space in a QUAD 4 set-up where both growth and inflation are decelerating. The fundamental matches our bearish quantitative view which is what we want to see for picking good shorts in the commodity and commodity related space.
We have been in and out of copper on the short-side over the last couple of weeks (ETF: JJC) in Real-Time Alerts and continue to expect downside in the commodities complex over the intermediate to longer-term.
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