The Economic Data calendar for the week of the 29th of December through the 2nd of January is full of critical releases and events. Attached below is a snapshot of some of the headline numbers that we will be focused on.
Takeaway: Current Investing Ideas: EDV, MUB, RH, TLT, XLP and YUM.
Editor's note: On behalf of everyone here at Hedgeye, we wish you and yours the happiest of holidays. We thank you for your trust and your business and we look forward to another successful year together in 2015.
In this week's edition of Investing Ideas, we provide CEO Keith McCullough’s updated levels on our analysts' six current high-conviction long investing ideas. We also feature a special end of the year market recap written by Managing Director Moshe Silver. Our analysts will resume their updates after the holiday.
Trade :: Trend :: Tail Process - These are three durations over which we analyze investment ideas and themes. Hedgeye has created a process as a way of characterizing our investment ideas and their risk profiles, to fit the investing strategies and preferences of our subscribers.
Investing Ideas Year in Review – The Year We Lost Interest (Rates)
One of the biggest stories this year has undoubtedly been the decline in interest rates, driven primarily (and ironically) by the Fed’s policy to deflate. This year’s game of “Out-Guess the Fed” opened with Janet Yellen taking the helm and promising that monetary policy would slowly return to traditional “hands-off” mode as the economy stabilized.
Hedgeye founder and CEO Keith McCullough welcomed incoming Chair Yellen with a burst of hilarity (Early Look 2/28/14, “Funny Fed.”)
“While it was fun buying everything other than US Dollars as you were outlining your qualitative policy to passively inflate, we have to go out there on the Street today and live in the real world.” Keith wrote, calling Yellen’s program a transparent Policy to Inflate, and a dangerous one at that.
Indeed, the first of our Q1 Macro Themes of 2014 was #InflationAccelerating, as our Macro team read upward pressure in the rate of change in price trends in just about everything Americans put in their mouths, their cars, and their closets. With Bernanke out and Yellen in, Keith called out a Fed policy that remained blind to these pressures, pressures that directly impact the ~ 71% of the US economy represented by The Consumer (that would be You.)
“While it’s both comical and counter-intuitive to the Keynesian economist contingent that you buy bonds when inflation starts to breakout,” Keith continued, “the fact is that’s precisely what you do when the entire world knows the Fed has 0% credibility in fighting real-world inflation. You buy commodities to own inflation. You buy bonds because you know that inflation slows growth. #InflationAccelerating to all-time bubble highs in 2011-2012 drove bond yields (growth expectations) to all-time lows (bonds to all-time highs) in late 2012 too.”
As 2013 drew to a close, there was a surge in the shift away from fixed income and into equities. This was driven partly by concern that Yellen would start selling down the Fed’s morbidly obese balance sheet, coupled with what psychologists call “magical thinking” that new Fed chair Yellen wouldn’t allow the stock market to go down any more than her two predecessors had done.
Writing in our year-end edition on 12/28/2013, senior financial sector analyst Jonathan Casteleyn noted “Worst Bond Outflow In Over 3 Months,” a shift that turned out to be another spectacularly bad decision on the part of many investors. The year-end surge in bond fund redemptions brought fixed income fund flows full circle, from +$5.8 billion per week during the 2012 Bernanke Bubble, to an average negative -$1.4Bn per week by the end of 2013, pushing 10-Year Treasury rates to over 3%.
But the timing of Yellen’s promise of a Return to Fed Normalcy was based on the Fed’s own analysis of the economy (“we’re data dependent”). This made for uncertainty and the equity markets got off to a rocky start. By early February, the Dow was down over 5% for the year, spurred by turmoil in less-developed markets such as Brazil, Turkey and Argentina which crashed for double-digit losses in January, to name but a few.
By early February, market turmoil led investors to assume the Yellen Fed would be forced to continue the dovish policies of her predecessors. Once again US Treasurys and their close proxies – damaged goods though they were – remained the best house in a bad neighborhood.
Hedgeye weighed in with a special Macro update on 2/8/2014 as Macro analyst Christian Drake reiterated Hedgeye’s Q1 Macro Themes of #InflationAccelerating and #GrowthDivergences in light of current major trends in the marketplace:
“Hedgeye’s macro work indicates that commodity prices have begun to break out as other inflationary pressures continue to build. If Fed chair Yellen decides to rescue the equities markets by going back to Quantitative Easing, the impact could re-ignite what has become a Pavlovian response from investors: QE Up, triggering Dollar Down, triggering Yield Chase/Inflation Hedge Assets Up. This would likely spark another round of growth-slowing commodity inflation.”
In the event, there was no announcement of a new QE round. In Fed-speak – or “Fed non-speak” – not saying that the Fed is going to do something is tantamount to saying they are not going to do it. The impact of repeated assurances that the Fed is “data dependent” creates its own mystical aura of uncertainty, particularly as the markets had witnessed the moving of those particular goalposts on more than one occasion. Which data? Dependent to do what? Then there was the expression “extended time,” which caused analytical hullabaloo.
By March, the capital spigots were open again. Hedgeye’s Macro call was that the Fed would keep its foot squarely on the Dovish pedal, pushing equities higher with everything they could muster. Markets seem to have read the situation the same way. Casteleyn again, on 3/18, in his update on TROW: “This continues to dovetail with the ICI fund flow survey which had another positive week of results with $4.9 billion flowing into all stock mutual funds this week, with $3.1 billion of the $4.9 billion moving into U.S. equity mutual funds…” This dovetailed nicely with Chair Yellen’s non-statement that same week that rates could rise “eventually,” tempered by her emphatic reminder that the Fed’s economic forecast was just a forecast.
This was a level of murkiness too dense to dignify with the name “obfuscation.” In plain English: “We think the economy might move in one direction, unless it doesn’t. If that does happen – or if something else happens that we never thought of – it could result in higher interest rates at some indeterminate time in the future. Or not. Unless we’re wrong.” You too could be a Fed governor.
The constant stream of wind from the Fed did the trick: it inflated an equities bubble that floated along pretty well until breaking down in July, when ten consecutive weeks of outflows in US equity funds culminated in their biggest weekly outflows in 79 weeks. That first week of July saw $8.8 billion in outflows from equity funds, versus only $3.2 billion in new subscriptions to fixed income mutual funds and ETFs.
Hedgeye’s Macro process anticipated these shifts, moving our Investing Ideas subscribers into TIPs, the inflation-adjusted Treasurys ETF (6/7).
Investor fears around equities, combined with available cash, combined with the convergence of signals in Hedgeye’s signaling process, put our subscribers firmly into Treasurys when we moved from the TIPs into the iShares 20+ Year Treasury Bond ETF (TLT) consistent with our Macro view that the rate of change in reported inflation and inflation expectations would level off.
As our declining rates thesis proved out and picked up steam over the course of the year, we also added the Vanguard Extended Duration Treasury ETF (EDV) to Investing Ideas on 9/5, followed by the 1Shares Muni Bond ETF (MUB) on 10/22. We see this trend continuing into Q1. Short of a Fed rate hike, there’s no force out there with the oomph to reverse this trend, particularly with global growth decelerating and disinflationary trends pushing capital flows into the one remaining unbreakable piggy bank, which is the US Treasury debt market.
Inexplicably – or maybe all too obviously – we remain in the distinct minority in this view. That in itself should indicate that we are probably right.
Our robust Macro work differentiates Hedgeye from the rest of the herd in a big way. But we have also had some successes producing single-name Alpha (that’s hedge fund-speak for “we picked some stocks that did really well.”)
Star retail sector analyst Brian McGough added Restoration Hardware (RH) to Investing Ideas over a year ago (9/6/2013) at a closing price of $74.62. The stock recently traded above the one hundred-dollar mark. McGough says RH has become the category killer in home furnishings, combining high quality mega-store locations (up to 35,000 square feet) with a well managed catalogue and on-line business. RH’s nimble and high-class approach to their business line, combined with the right demographics for new family and new household formation, put this company on track to potentially double from here, then double once more over the coming three years.
Back to our All Things Yield theme, investors who stayed with our So-Simple-A-Government-Employee-Can-Do-It strategy of sitting out the last, vapid gasps of a late cycle equity bubble have been rewarded with low volatility, double-digit returns since we first moved decisively into the Treasurys ETFs. Unless you are absolutely committed to paying for your investment professionals’ Christmas gifts by way of commissions, you would do well to consider sitting tight with those same positions going into the new year.
One key tool in the Hedgeye process is our fundamental Four-Quad model, measuring the interplay between Growth, Inflation, and Government Policy. Where standard Wall Street models tend to combine academic economic theory, with valuation calculations, with a constant search for the elusive Paradigm Shift (“this time is different!”), Hedgeye’s framework is Math (2+2 = 4 over and over again), Behavioral Psychology (tulips got expensive because everyone saw their neighbors bidding them up – ditto stocks) and History (as Mark Twain said, it doesn’t repeat, but it does rhyme).
For much of this year, the US has been stuck in Quad #3: Growth Slowing and Inflation Accelerating. This is the Sargasso Sea of monetary and fiscal policy. There is really no good policy move. Try as they might, policy makers end up having to sit this out as the economy grinds out its problems. Time heals all wounds – but at the expense of an angry electorate when Washington can’t fix what’s wrong with the economy.
Hedgeye’s Macro team doesn’t yet see a meaningful likelihood of rates turning up in the first half of 2015. Against a growing chorus of certainty, we think the Yellen Fed might be forced to address the current slow-growth reality. “Slow growth?!” Well, yes. Like you, we saw the big Q3 GDP number but from a rate of change perspective, we think growth slows from here. Oh yeah, and there’s thing called The Rest of the World (i.e the other 75%+ of Global GDP) that remains in discrete deceleration. Hedgeye’s macro work sees rates of change continuing to erode on overall economic growth. Even the Fed will ultimately have to acknowledge that.
Even if the Fed chooses to poke the body economic to determine whether there’s any life left – we’d expect an opening gambit of a 25 basis-point hike – take a look around you.
European shares are down over ten percent from their high this year, and the euro is looking mighty uncertain. Elsewhere, the iShares emerging markets ETF (EEM) is down double digits, including such standouts as Russia (down over 42% from its high this year), to Ukraine (down over 20% from its high), to Argentina (down 34%), to Mexico (down over 19%) and even China coming into year-end down about 5% from its recent highs.
You have to live somewhere, and if you don’t like the neighborhood this house is in, it’s still the only one without a leaky roof. As the US equities markets march higher, volatility has stepped up, while trading volume has run counter to the direction of prices – never a bullish sign, no matter who your astrologer is.
Treasurys will likely continue to be in mega demand around the world. Will there be a shortage? Consider this: if Yellen actually decides to unwind, the Federal Reserve will become the Seller of Last Resort.
Merry… uh… whatever…?
Here's a quick look at some of the top videos, cartoons, market insights and more from Hedgeye this past week.
McCullough: Why I’m Using the Word “Recession” for the First Time This Year
In this excerpt from the Q&A portion of Monday's Morning Macro Call for institutional subscribers, CEO Keith McCullough says that Fed Chair Janet Yellen could make a move that puts the U.S. in recession.
Keith's Macro Notebook 12/22: Yen | Russia | Sentiment
Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough shares the top three things in his macro notebook Monday morning.
McCullough: Serious Lack of Momentum in the Momentum Stocks | $GPRO $LOCO
In this brief excerpt from Tuesday’s Macro Call for institutional subscribers, Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough notes the similarities between current and earlier bubbly periods and highlights two momentum stocks in particular which are representative of the current climate.
This Won't End Well
The Gong Show that is Russia continues. The stock market is in a deep hole, down more than 40% this year.
Consensus Macro Positioning $SPX $TLT
"I’ve used the net long/short positions of CFTC Non-Commercial positioning as a contrarian Global Macro indicator for years," wrote CEO Keith McCullough in Monday's Morning Newsletter.
Yield Spread Compression #NoWorries
YIELD SPREAD – the belly of the curve is even flatter, but the big one almost every objective strategist monitors (10s/2s spread) compressed another 7bps Tuesday morning to a fresh YTD low of +146bps wide (-38% YTD).
Will the 10-year Treasury yield go below 2% at any time in the 1st quarter of 2015?
Our biggest call by far this year has been bucking the consensus tide on the direction of Treasury yields. While others said yields had nowhere to go but up, we remained resolute that yields were in fact, heading lower. So, as we head into the new year, we wanted to know what you think 2015 has in store.
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As long as the Weimar Nikkei (which, by the way, we’ve been suggesting you be long, while short Yens vs USD) is up, the financial media that panders to central-planning-access is going to tell you that this Abenomics gong show may actually work. It hasn't and it won't.
THEMATIC INVESTMENT CONCLUSIONS
Long Ideas/Overweight Recommendations
Short Ideas/Underweight Recommendations
QUANT SIGNALS & RESEARCH CONTEXT
#Quad1 Lands a Punch in the “#Quad4 vs. #Quad1 Debate”: For the past 4-6 weeks, we’ve been incessantly looking for confirmation in financial markets and affirmation in the economic data that the domestic equity market was beginning to price in an investable transition to #Quad1 on our GIP chart.
With the advent of recent quant signals and fundamental data, it would appear that process is beginning to get underway. Starting with the economic data, the U.S. consumer has finally responded to disinflationary stimuli by showing signs of life in November:
Looking to our Tactical Asset Class Rotation Model (TACRM), we’re starting to see quantitative confirmation of this very nascent transition as well. Specifically, of the 47 sectors and style factors we track across the U.S. equity market, those which have been historical outperformers during periods of #Quad1 (i.e. financials, consumer cyclical and small-caps) have six of the top 10 Volatility-Adjusted Multi-Duration Momentum Indicator (VAMDMI) readings: IAI, XRT, XLF, IWO, XLY and IWM. Moreover, healthcare – which has historically been the best performing sector during periods of #Quad4 – now accounts for three of the bottom 11 VAMDMI readings: XLV, IBB and IHE.
We can’t stress enough that these are very nascent signals, but they are indeed signals nonetheless and require further monitoring as it relates to our current defensive asset allocation recommendation. To the extent such signals start to trend (they aren’t yet), we will undoubtedly look to adopt a more offensive posture in our thematic investment conclusions above.
Happy Boxing Day!
TRACKING OUR ACTIVE MACRO THEMES
#Quad4 (introduced 10/2/14): Our models are forecasting a continued slowing in the pace of domestic economic growth, as well as a further deceleration in inflation here in Q4. The confluence of these two events is likely to perpetuate a rise in volatility across asset classes as broad-based expectations for a robust economic recovery and tighter monetary policy are met with bearish data that is counter to the consensus narrative.
#EuropeSlowing (introduced 10/2/14): Is ECB President Mario Draghi Europe's savior? Despite his ability to wield a QE fire hose, our view is that inflation via currency debasement does not produce sustainable economic growth. We believe select member states will struggle to implement appropriate structural reforms and fiscal management to induce real growth.
Moscow, We Have a Problem (12/16)
#Bubbles (introduced 10/2/14): The current economic cycle is cresting and the confluence of policy-induced yield-chasing and late-cycle speculation is inflating spread risk across asset classes. The clock is ticking on the value proposition of the latest policy to inflate as the prices many investors are paying for financial assets is significantly higher than the value they are receiving in return.
Best of luck out there,
Associate: Macro Team
About the Hedgeye Macro Playbook
The Hedgeye Macro Playbook aspires to present investors with the robust quantitative signals, well-researched investment themes and actionable ETF recommendations required to dynamically allocate assets and front-run regime changes across global financial markets. The securities highlighted above represent our top ten investment recommendations based on our active macro themes, which themselves stem from our proprietary four-quadrant Growth/Inflation/Policy (GIP) framework. The securities are ranked according to our calculus of the immediate-term risk/reward of going long or short at the prior closing price, which itself is based on our proprietary analysis of price, volume and volatility trends. Effectively, it is a dynamic ranking of the order in which we’d buy or sell the securities today – keeping in mind that we have equal conviction in each security from an intermediate-term absolute return perspective.
Takeaway: Investors continued to pull funds across the board, even withdrawing capital from money market funds.
Investment Company Institute Mutual Fund Data and ETF Money Flow:
As markets tumbled prior the Federal Reserve's announcement that it would be patient in raising interest rates, investors continued to pull capital from funds across the board in the most recent ICI survey ending December 17th. Only tax-free bonds and fixed income ETFs experienced inflows (+$950 million and +$3.8 billion respectively) although aggregate total net bond funds lost $5.6 billion last week with the $10.3 billion withdrawal in taxable bonds. Total equity products (ICI mutual funds and all ETFs according to Bloomberg) lost $12.4 billion last week according to the ICI.
In the most recent 5 day period ending December 17th, total equity mutual funds put up net outflows of $6.6 billion according to the Investment Company Institute. The outflow was composed of domestic stock fund withdrawals of $4.2 billion and international stock fund withdrawals of $2.4 billion. The international and domestic equity categories have been polarized this year with international stock funds having inflows in 48 of the past 50 weeks, versus domestic trends which have been very soft with inflow in just 16 of the past 50 weeks. The running year-to-date weekly average for all equity fund flow continues to decline and now settles at a $702 million inflow, well below the $3.1 billion weekly average inflow from 2013.
Fixed income mutual funds put up outflows of $9.4 billion with $10.3 billion of outflows from taxable funds offset by $950 million of inflows into tax-free funds. Munis have had a solid year with subscriptions in 48 of the past 50 weeks. The 2014 weekly average for fixed income mutual funds now stands at an $804 million weekly inflow, an improvement from 2013's weekly average outflow of $1.3 billion, but still a pittance of the weekly average of +$5.8 billion in 2012 (our view of the blow off top in bond fund inflow).
ETF results were mixed; equity ETFs put up a $5.8 billion outflow, well below the the 2014 weekly average of a $2.6 billion inflow. Fixed income ETFs, however, put up a $3.8 billion inflow, well above the year-to-date average of a $1.1 billion inflow.
Mutual fund flow data is collected weekly from the Investment Company Institute (ICI) and represents a survey of 95% of the investment management industry's mutual fund assets. Mutual fund data largely reflects the actions of retail investors. Exchange traded fund (ETF) information is extracted from Bloomberg and is matched to the same weekly reporting schedule as the ICI mutual fund data. According to industry leader Blackrock (BLK), U.S. ETF participation is 60% institutional investors and 40% retail investors.
Most Recent 12 Week Flow in Millions by Mutual Fund Product: Chart data is the most recent 12 weeks from the ICI mutual fund survey and includes the running weekly year-to-date average for 2014 and the weekly quarter-to-date average for 4Q 2014:
Most Recent 12 Week Flow Within Equity and Fixed Income Exchange Traded Funds: Chart data is the most recent 12 weeks from Bloomberg's ETF database (matched to the Wednesday to Wednesday reporting format of the ICI) and the running weekly year-to-date average for 2014 and the weekly quarter-to-date average for 4Q 2014. The third table are the results of the weekly flows into and out of the major market and sector SPDRs:
Sector and Asset Class Weekly ETF and Year-to-Date Results: In sector SPDR callouts, the the XLB materials ETF experienced a reversal from the prior week, losing 9% or $288 million in withdrawals. The XLY Consumer discretionary experienced the largest flow on a percentage bases at a +10% (+$738 million inflow).
The net of total equity mutual fund and ETF trends against total bond mutual fund and ETF flows totaled a negative $6.8 billion spread for the week ($12.4 billion of total equity outflow versus the $5.6 billion outflow from fixed income; positive numbers imply greater money flow to stocks; negative numbers imply greater money flow to bonds). The 52 week moving average has been $1.8 billion (more positive money flow to equities), with a 52 week high of $17.7 billion (more positive money flow to equities) and a 52 week low of -$37.5 billion (negative numbers imply more positive money flow to bonds for the week).
Exposures: The weekly data herein is important for the public asset managers with trends in mutual funds and ETFs impacting the companies with the following estimated revenue impact:
Jonathan Casteleyn, CFA, CMT
Joshua Steiner, CFA
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