CHART OF THE DAY: Cracks Remain Across Europe

CHART OF THE DAY: Cracks Remain Across Europe - d cod


As the ugly equation of declining growth + high unemployment + low and deflating inflation comes home to roost, the ECB’s newest response is to lever up its balance sheet (ECB President Mario Draghi has indicated the willingness to increase it by €1Trillion) and extend QE as the “elixir” to inflect weak and declining fundamentals across the region. 

Scottish Independence Squashed

“Every human has four endowments - self awareness, conscience, independent will, and creative imagination. These give us the ultimate human freedom... The power to choose, to respond, to change.”

-Stephen Covey


As of early this morning the vote is in:  the Scots squashed independence and with it the 307 year old union with England remains intact… at least for now.  The vote was 55% NO to 45% YES.


And did Pound Sterling ever bounce on the outcome, rising as high as $1.65, and currently is settling in at $1.64!   We were positioned long the GBP/USD (via the etf FXB) ahead of the event (we added it on 9/8 to our Real-Time Alerts) with a succinct thesis:


A NO vote leads to a relief rally (see the chart below) and a YES vote leads currency traders to assess the United Kingdom’s fiscal health without Scotland as much improved, which leads to a long term tail wind for the Pound.


 In effect, a win-win situation. And we didn’t even have to use our crystal ball!


Scottish Independence Squashed - hed


Back to the Global Macro Grind


In some sense the Scottish independence vote felt like another Greece moment during the thralls of the Eurozone crisis. There were many ways to interpret what was the “best” outcome.: Greece in or out of the union?   And what prevailed was politicians fear mongering on the consequences of a breakup and impressing how the whole is stronger than the sum of its parts – and so Eurocrats quelled the Greek urge for self-determination outside of the Eurozone.


It appears that in Scotland, like Greece, the more rational perception of economic wellbeing (along with the fear of myriad uncertainties associated with independence) won over the emotion of nationalism.


But is economic wellbeing in Scotland, like Europe, a myth?


Our macro team has been making a call for growth slowing in Europe these last months (we’ve recommended shorting Eurozone equities (EZU), France (EWQ), and the EUR/USD (FXE) throughout the quarter), as Eurozone GDP rolled over in Q2 and everything from confidence figures to industrial production and retail sales fell across most European countries over the last 3-6 months.


In recent weeks, and in classic lagging fashion, we’ve seen confirmation of this descent in the form of numerous European central banks, countries, and economic organizations revising down their economic expectations for the year:

  • The ECB revised down its 2014 Eurozone GDP projections to 0.9% vs 1.0% in June
  • The Swiss National Bank cut its 2014 GDP projection to 1.5% vs 2% previously forecast
  • Italy’s 2014 GDP projection was cut to 0.4% by the OECD vs the government forecast of 0.8%
  • France’s Finance Minister cut 2014 GDP projection to  0.4% vs 1.7% initially forecast
  • Sweden’s Riksbank cut 2014 GDP projection to 1.7% vs 2.2% forecast in July

Additionally, when we evaluate “health” at the country level based on unemployment rates, it appears that the crisis in Europe has hardly passed. The Eurozone unemployment rate is elevated at a sticky 11.5%, almost double the U.S. at 6.1%. Moreover, when you look at unemployment for people under the age of 25 the numbers are staggering:

  • Spain 53.8%
  • Greece 51.5%
  • Italy 42.9%
  • Ireland 25.1%
  • France 22.5%

Now while it’s plenty easy to push back on these figures and say we’ve mostly cherry-picked the weakest countries (well, France is the 2nd largest economy of the Eurozone), or that there’s no merit in the way unemployment rates are calculated (possibly fair, but the European figures here all come from Eurostat), the point we’re making is that there will be generational TAILs from what some have call this “lost” generation of youth that cannot or will not find a job/establish a career and will rely even more heavily on state support throughout their lives.


As the ugly equation of declining growth + high unemployment + low and deflating inflation comes home to roost, the ECB’s newest response is to lever up its balance sheet (ECB President Mario Draghi has indicated the willingness to increase it by €1Trillion) and extend QE as the “elixir” to inflect weak and declining fundamentals across the region. 


As Keith mentioned in yesterday’s Early Look:


“When it comes to central planning limits, there are none (yet). And that’s making your job as a Risk Manager all the more challenging. No matter what you think the Fed, ECB, and BOJ should do, you have to operate within the paradox of what they will do.”


Our view on the impact of ECB policy and the direction of Eurozone fundamentals remains decidedly bearish; here’s a look at how we’ve sized up the latest actions since the ECB’s last meeting on Sept 4th:

  • While QE has proven to put a floor in equities in the past, QE is far from the elixir to inflect weak and declining fundamentals across the region.  Witness Japan’s failed efforts with QE!
  • While on the margin Draghi’s credit easing programs should help to encourage lending and therefore growth to the real economy, the failure of past LTROs to improve lending conditions are fresh in memory. This time the TLTROs may in fact not be different. Interestingly, the first TLTRO tranche yesterday saw take-up by the banks of only €82.6B, well below consensus estimates of €150B
  • We reiterate that inflation (via currency debasement) is not growth, even if Draghi showers us with QE
  • From here our proprietary GIP model (growth, inflation and policy) for assessing economies suggests the Eurozone economy will land in the ugly quads #3 and #4 in 2H, representing growth slowing as inflation decelerates/accelerates (see the chart of the day below)


Don’t forget that a full 45% wanted Scottish independence. Certainly some significant percentage of this group’s thinking also anchored on the hope that a vote for independence would benefit their personal stead. But interestingly it appears that this camp was not favored by a youth presence (today’s vote included age 16 and above). In fact, a poll by TubeMogel ahead of the vote asked 16-18 year olds their preference and 57% selected NO.


And this actually makes some sense: the life of this group has been so influenced by the global recession and impacts from the Eurozone crisis on slower growth and joblessness (if not for them directly, then their parents and others around them) that their highest priority for this vote was limiting future economic uncertainty.


While Scotland is not Catalonia and France is not Greece, there remain many cracks across Europe, economic and cultural alike. We suspect these cracks are here to stay and that even the mighty Draghi QE wand can’t fix them. 


Our immediate-term Global Macro Risk Ranges are now:


UST 10yr Yield 2.36-2.63%



USD 83.78-84.69

EUR/USD 1.28-1.30

Pound 1.62-1.65


Have a great weekend!


Matthew Hedrick



Scottish Independence Squashed - d cod

September 19, 2014

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TODAY’S S&P 500 SET-UP – September 19, 2014

As we look at today's setup for the S&P 500, the range is 20 points or 0.76% downside to 1996 and 0.23% upside to 2016.                                          













  • YIELD CURVE: 2.05 from 2.05
  • VIX closed at 12.03 1 day percent change of -4.90%


MACRO DATA POINTS (Bloomberg Estimates):

  • 10am: Leading Economic Indicators, Aug., est. 0.4% (pr 0.9%)
  • 1pm: Baker Hughes rig count



    • 8am: House Intelligence Chairman Mike Rogers, R-Mich., delivers keynote Intelligence and National Security Summit
    • 9:30am: Sec. of State John Kerry remarks on importance of inclusive economic growth at New Frontiers in Development forum
    • 2pm: Kerry chairs UN Security Council Iraq ministerial debate
    • 10am, 1:30pm: FCC holds open Internet roundtable discussions
    • 1pm: CVS CEO Merlo speaks at Nat’l Press Club
    • U.S. ELECTION WRAP: La., Colo., Kan. Polls; Adelson Donations 



  • Scotland rejects independence 55% to 45%
  • Alibaba raises $21.8b in U.S. IPO
  • Ellison becomes Oracle chairman as Catz, Hurd split CEO job
  • SAP to buy Concur for $129/share or ~$7.4b
  • Home Depot says data breach affected 56m payment cards
  • Arkema bids $2.2b for Total’s Bostik adhesives business
  • Telefonica to buy Vivendi’s Brazil unit GVT for $9b
  • JetBlue names Hayes as CEO as Barger leaving at contract end
  • Clorox says executive Benno Dorer to succeed Knauss as CEO
  • AIG says Wintrob departs after being passed over for CEO job
  • Goldman Sachs faces SEC probe on internship for Libyan: WSJ
  • Regulators said to weigh delay for separating banks’ swaps units
  • Exxon said to halt Arctic well drilling on Russian sanctions
  • Congress clears spending bill with U.S. aid to Syrian rebels
  • Lockheed said close to $4b F-35 deal with Pentagon: Reuters
  • U.S. said to see chance for progress in nuclear talks with Iran
  • Apple IPhone 6 Plus contains Hynix, BRCM, QCOM: iFixit teardown
  • China fines Glaxo $489m, ending investigation of bribery
  • U.K. prosecutors said to ready more charges on Libor this year



  • WTI Oil Falls as Fed Outlook Counters Supply Risk; Brent Steady
  • Fortescue’s Forrest Lauds China City Push as Iron Ore Slumps
  • Natural Gas Supply Gain Hides Risk of Winter Price Shock: Energy
  • Gold Falls Toward 8-Month Low as Fed Outlook Strengthens Dollar
  • Copper Heads for a Fourth Weekly Decline on Slowdown in Housing
  • Cocoa Climbs to Three-Year High as Ebola Seen Risk to Production
  • Wheat Extends Drop to 4-Year Low as Demand Wanes Amid More Crops
  • EU Emissions Drop Seen Accelerating as Lawmakers Mull Supply Fix
  • Earth Baked in Record Fashion This Summer Even If You Were Cool
  • Soybean Traders Bearish for Sixth Week on U.S. Harvest Outlook
  • Oil Clogging U.S. Rail Seen Constricting Grain Exports: Freight
  • Libya Resumes Oil Flows to EU as Africa Exports Remain Subdued
  • Rebar Falls to Record Low as Weak Property Sector Hurts Demand
  • India Monsoon Food Grain Output Seen Falling 6.9% to 120.3m Tons


























The Hedgeye Macro Team

















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