Contagious Exploration

This note was originally published at 8am on April 02, 2014 for Hedgeye subscribers.

“We shall not cease from exploration, and the end of our exploring will be to arrive where we started and know it for the first time.”

-T.S. Eliot


Yesterday we held our quarterly firm meeting in Stamford, CT.  It was by all accounts a very successful day.  We introduced new employees, celebrated recent wins and also contemplated strategic shifts to keep Hedgeye moving forward.


As an aside, it also coincided with my personal favorite day of the year, April Fool’s Day.  Unlike those April Fool’s days of prior years, like when I fired Keith one year, this year’s joke was more benign, though we did manage to “suck” a few people in again.  For those that didn’t see the faux press release about Wall Street 2.0: Hedgeye the Movie, it can be found here.


So at the company meeting, a key topic of discussion was how to generate contagious content / ideas.  For those that didn’t know, the term, “content is king”, was first used in 1994 and then popularized by Bill Gates in an essay about two years later.  So, as ideas go, the idea of content is king is not new, but it is certainly contagious.


Contagious Exploration - content is king1


Back to the Global Macro Grind...


In my mind, activist investment ideas are examples of ideas that need to become contagious before they become successful.  Yesterday activist Starboard filed a presentation outlining the potential for Darden Restaurants ($DRI).  A key take away from the presentation is that the Company’s EBITDA margins are at 7.4% versus the industry median of 10.3%.


As many of you know, Darden is also currently a favorite of Restaurant Sector head Howard Penney and is on our Best Ideas list.  As a result, Starboard was kind enough to reference our work on Darden in their presentation. Specifically, they referenced a recent poll that we did:


“According to a recent poll conducted by sell-side research firm Hedgeye Risk Management, 84% of respondents said that they did not believe that management’s plan to spin-off Red Lobster would create value.”


We actually have created a polling product to specifically gauge sentiment and opinion in a more quantified fashion, which has, obviously, also had the derivative impact of creating contagious content.


Included in the Starboard presentation as well was this tweet from Penney:


“$DRI management shuts me out of another earnings call. Running out of time is not an excuse. @jannarone article on #CNBC was $$”


This point goes to the crux of Penney’s thesis on Darden, which is that management operates in a vacuum and is totally unwilling to listen to new ideas, especially from analysts that may disagree with them.  Ignoring great ideas is the death knoll for any company.  If you’d like to learn more about our thesis on Darden before it goes too viral, please email


While we are on the topic of contagious content, I thought it would be worth highlighting an essay that Warren Buffett wrote for Fortune in 1977 (back when periodicals like Fortune still published essays):


“There is no mystery at all about the problems of bondholders in an era of inflation. When the value of the dollar deteriorates month after month, a security with income and principal payments denominated in those dollars isn't going to be a big winner. You hardly need a Ph.D. in economics to figure that one out.


It was long assumed that stocks were something else. For many years, the conventional wisdom insisted that stocks were a hedge against inflation. The proposition was rooted in the fact that stocks are not claims against dollars, as bonds are, but represent ownership of companies with productive facilities. These, investors believed, would retain their Value in real terms, let the politicians print money as they might.


And why didn't it turn but that way? The main reason, I believe, is that stocks, in economic substance, are really very similar to bonds.”


As you can see this basic concept that we have been pounding on, which is that when a currency is devalued that devaluation naturally creates inflation in dollar denominated asset classes, is not new.  Neither is the idea that at a point, this inflation begins to negatively impact economic growth, which has the potential to have a negative impact on the returns of those assets classes levered to economic growth.


Certainly, of course, we aren’t suggesting we are in the midst of 1970s style inflation.  Or, frankly, on the path to that any day soon, but commodity inflation is here, is persistent and is likely to be sticky.  Most notably on the inflation front is what is happening to food (you know that stuff we eat).


In the chart of the day below, we’ve compared the performance of consumer discretionary stocks in the year-to-date versus the CRB Index versus the BLS Foodstuff Index.  For those that can’t read the fine print, I’ll give you the punch line. The CRB commodity index is up more than 7% in the year-to-date, the BLS Foodstuff Index is up more than 20%, and consumer discretionary stocks are down on the year.


As Warren Buffett might say, you don’t need an economics PH.D. to see that correlation!


Our immediate-term Global Macro Risk Ranges are now:


UST 10yr Yield 2.66%-2.80% 

SPX 1856-1888 

VIX 13.01-14.72 

USD 79.91-80.40

Gold 1270-1321 


Keep your head up and stick on the ice,


Daryl G. Jones

Director of Research


Contagious Exploration - Chart of the Day


Contagious Exploration - Virtual Portfolio


Macau VIP vs China credit.


  • In past notes we’ve discussed the statistically significant relationship between VIP Rolling Chip (RC) Volume in Macau and China’s reserve ratio requirement and discount rate which we found peaked on an 8-9 month lag.  With little change in China’s monetary policy since Q2 2012 or 2013 (loosened), the softer Macau gaming revenues cannot be blamed on the China Fed.
  • Here we’ve plotted and regressed VIP Rolling Chip volume against China Yuan loan growth.  The correlation and significance peaks at a 1 month lag (0.37 and T-stat of 2.9).
  • Could the YoY decline in loans in March explain some of the weakness in RC thus far in April?
  • Probably but minor.  The March/April multi year comparisons are more difficult than March/May.  We’re projecting 20% YoY Macau total GGR growth in May.
  • Sentiment has turned decidedly negative with VIP and credit fears running rampant. While we predicted a disappointing March/April, we’re not sure fundamentals have changed much.  Look for a May rebound to catalyze the downtrodden Macau stocks.


THE MACAU CORRELATIONS - China Yuan Growth v Macau VIP RC 4 16 2014 7 52 22 AM


TODAY’S S&P 500 SET-UP – April 16, 2014

As we look at today's setup for the S&P 500, the range is 50 points or 2.06% downside to 1805 and 0.65% upside to 1855.                                                      










THE HEDGEYE DAILY OUTLOOK - 10                                                                                                                                                                  



  • YIELD CURVE: 2.28 from 2.26
  • VIX  closed at 15.61 1 day percent change of -3.10%

MACRO DATA POINTS (Bloomberg Estimates):


  • 7am: MBA Mortgage Applications, April 11 (prior -1.6%)
  • 8:30am: Housing Starts, March, est. 970k (prior 907k)
  • 8:30am: Fed’s Stein speaks on QE at Atlanta Fed conf.
  • 9:15am: Capacity m/m, March, est. 78.7% (prior 78.8%)
  • 9:15am: Industrial Production m/m, March, est. 0.5% (pr 0.6%)
  • 10:30am: DOE Energy Inventories
  • 12pm: Fed’s Lockhart speaks at Atlanta Fed conf.
  • 12:25pm: Fed’s Yellen speaks to Economic Club of New York
  • 1:25pm: Fed’s Fisher speaks in Austin, Texas
  • 2pm: Federal Reserve releases Beige Book


    • President Obama, Vice President Biden visit Leetsdale, Pa., for an event on the economy
    • House, Senate not in session     
    • 9am: Energy Sec. Ernest Moniz speaks on energy policy at Sam Nunn Policy Forum          
    • 9:30am: Reps. Rosa DeLauro, D-Conn., Louise Slaughter, D-N.Y, on conf. call hosted by Economic Strategy Institute on Obama’s trip to Asia, refusal by Congress to provide fast-track trade authority


  • Ukraine says Russian forces helping separatists amid battles
  • China urged by U.S. to allow bigger mkt role in valuing yuan
  • NYSE owner said to buy Algo Technologies to modernize exchange
  • Citic Pacific to pay $36b for assets from Chinese parent
  • Moelis raises less than planned in investment-bank IPO
  • Ford, Dodge cars in focus at New York Auto Show
  • GM CEO Barra adds team to focus on safety
  • Anadarko joins ad blitz to pre-empt Colorado fracking limits
  • Obamacare sign-up extension closes regular enrollment for 2014
  • Credit Suisse net trails est. on lower investment bank income
  • Credit Suisse said to get N.Y. subpoena in tax-evasion probe
  • Deutsche Bank said to seek sale of Cosmopolitan Vegas resort
  • China’s expansion slows as property construction falls
  • Alibaba posts profit on sales promotion ahead of IPO
  • Alibaba said to plan Hong Kong-style fee as carrot for banks
  • BHP quarterly iron ore production rises 23% to beat forecast


    • Abbott Laboratories (ABT) 7:44am, $0.36 - Preview
    • Bank of America (BAC) 7am, $0.27 - Preview
    • First Republic Bank (FRC) 7am, $0.73
    • Huntington Bancshares (HBAN) 5:55am, $0.17
    • Kansas City Southern (KSU) 8am, $0.99 - Preview
    • Metro (MRU CN) 7am, C$1.02
    • PNC Financial (PNC) 6:24am, $1.65
    • St Jude Medical (STJ) 7:30am, $0.95 - Preview
    • US Bancorp (USB) 7am, $0.73 - Preview
    • WW Grainger (GWW) 8am, $2.96


    • Adtran (ADTN) 8:15pm, $0.20
    • Albemarle (ALB) 4:03pm, $0.95
    • American Express (AXP) 4:01pm, $1.30
    • Capital One Financial (COF) 4:05pm, $1.70
    • Crown Holdings (CCK) 5:03pm, $0.51
    • East West Bancorp (EWBC) 5:02pm, $0.53
    • Google (GOOG) 4:02pm, $6.39
    • International Business Machines (IBM) 4:05pm, $2.54 -Preview
    • Kinder Morgan (KMI) 4:05pm, $0.28
    • Noble (NE) 5pm, $0.70
    • People’s United Financial (PBCT) 4:03pm, $0.20
    • Plexus (PLXS) 4pm, $0.60
    • SanDisk (SNDK) 4:05pm, $1.27
    • SLM (SLM) 4:15pm, $0.55
    • Steel Dynamics (STLD) 6pm, $0.16
    • Triangle Petroleum (TPLM) 5:58pm, $0.12
    • United Rentals (URI) 4:15pm, $0.71


  • Nickel Drops Most in Nine Months as Metals Fall on China Concern
  • WTI Falls From Six-Week High With Brent on U.S. Supply Forecast
  • Profit Tastes Like Chicken in Search for Cheap Meat: Commodities
  • Palm Oil Crop at Risk Across Southeast Asia as El Nino Looms
  • Gold Falls From 3-Week High on U.S. Outlook as Palladium Drops
  • White Sugar Halts Decline Before Delivery as Coffee Also Climbs
  • Corn Declines as Planting Concerns Ease While Soybeans Advance
  • China Gold Demand Rising 25% by 2017 as Buyers Get Wealthier
  • Rio Produces Record Iron Ore Output as Global Supply Gains
  • Coal Returns to German Utilities Replacing Lost Nuclear: Energy
  • Canada’s Climate Warms to Corn as Grain Seeks Great White North
  • Pump Prices in U.S. Climb to Eight-Month High as Supplies Slide
  • Nestle Sees 2H Commodity-Cost Rise, Will Raise Prices: BI Chart
  • Gold Seen Losing 22% by Westpac’s Smirk to End Year at $1,025

























The Hedgeye Macro Team














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Poll of the Day Recap: Only the Beginning of #GrowthSlowing?

Takeaway: At the time of this post, an overwhelming 84% voted YES; 16% said NO.

Poll of the Day Recap: Only the Beginning of #GrowthSlowing? - 9


In recent months, a variety of economic data has shown that consumer spending and the economy haven’t been what you call ‘healthy.’

But, while one of Hedgeye’s macro themes for 2014 has been #GrowthSlowing, we wanted to hear what you had to say. So, we asked in today’s poll: Do you think economic growth in the United States is accelerating or slowing?

At the time of this post, an overwhelming 84% voted YES; 16% said NO.

(Voters sharply swung so much in one way, that we didn’t receive any comments on why people voted NO.)


Here’s a sampling of some of the responses we received:

  • “As a business owner dealing with across the board demographic households buying homes, purchasing groceries, and basically living…growth is definitely slowing. This is only the beginning.”
  • “I believe [Hedgeye’s] thesis on the impact of commodity inflation on the consumer.  A good example is natural gas. If you missed a trip to the mall because of a blizzard, you might WANT to go when the weather improves but you CAN'T because your utility bill was 3X last February.”
  • “This is a joke, right? A sad, silly joke, but still a joke. Growth? Where? Inflation is not growth. Main Street is being milked dry; real prices are outpacing real wages by a few hundred furlongs; the stock market is not the supermarket; questionable economic data anesthetizes the masses while Ben and Janet gorge on way too much Ben and Jerry's...Genuine growth? Pfft.”
  • “Just as previously articulated, March and April are nicely set up with weather adjustments and the late Easter.  May and beyond get tough comps for the real economy.”
  • “Lying Keynesians are always looking in the rear view mirror, and then they have to lie about it to try to cover up for the massive failure of their B.S. policies.”

And, as Hedgeye CEO Keith McCullough put it: “#InflationAccelerating slows growth. Period.”



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