I commented yesterday about the evolution in the M&A cycle. In the land of retail, this comes hand in hand with licensing. If my own brand stinks, I probably want to buy the rights to profit on the heels of another - at least that's been the industry standard mindset. To say that we're seeing more activity in licenses would be a severe understatement. Check out Zach's overview below. We had PVH sign a deal to grow IZOD into the 'home' category, Brown Shoe align itself with Marvel, the new Miley Cyrus/Max Azria/Wal*Mart deal, Converse selling shoes ACDC and Metallica shoes (in addition to Floyd, The Who and others - yes, the aging hipster in me thinks this is cool), and the London Olympic Organizing Committee sending RFPs for sponsorship for the 2012 games. At the same time, there's a notable industry study showing how licensing royalties are coming down at the same time many traditional licensees are cutting capital from their business models. Mark my words...this is no accident.
Think about it like this... Let's say you are a mid-size company whose EBIT is derived evenly between your own content and content you license from other companies. For the past 7 years, the industry has had every bit of wind at its back (import quota changes, FX, input cost deflation, strong consumer) such that everyone made money - even the marginal players. Now we're in a multi-year period where the opposite is a reality, and many mid-tier brands will go away. So now your top line is under pressure, you've underinvested in your brands, flowed through too much FX and sourcing benefit to your bottom line instead of plowing back into your model. So now what? You're probably cutting costs reactively and irresponsibly to keep your head above water. Do you cut costs out of your own content? Or from what you were allocating toward another company's content that you licensed and ultimately will return to them? I'd challenge anyone to find me a company that would opt to damage its own content over another's.
My point here is that we know that the bankruptcy cycle will continue, and it will take the M&A cycle along for the ride. But don't ignore the licensing angle either. These are easily won and lost streams of business that can meaningfully change a company's cash flow.
LEVINE'S LOW DOWN
Some Notable Call Outs
- More mixed signs for May. Some retailers have noted a roll-over in May, but Dollar General did not. DG reported 1Q comps of +13.4% with 193bps of gross margin expansion, and 150bps of SG&A leverage. Sales were driven with by consumables along with strength in seasonal, home, and apparel. May trends were hinted to be at least as strong as 1Q. Promotional activity, primarily on consumables, remains "as intense as the CEO has ever seen". Consistent with the most of the industry, DG is also seeing real estate costs come down on both new and renewal properties. Dollar General's results reinforce 1) the importance of value to low-income consumers, 2) the continuation of "trading down" and 3) how retailers with deep-value focused consumable strategies continue to substantially outperform all other sub-sectors of retail.
- Brief updates from CAB and HIBB from the Stephens conference:
- CAB comps have been impacted primarily by weak traffic, which has been largely driven by two factors, politics and fear. Consumers have been buying guns and ammunition ahead of the common belief that onerous tax hikes will be levied on these items in the near-term. This has not only increased buying from repeat buyers, but has also driven demand from new buyers. The balance of recent demand is thought to come from those seeking protection in these uncertain times. Management indicated that the demand we saw through Q1 that lead to ammunition shortages appears to remain strong. [McGough's Note: If I hear one more person talk about trying to time 'the gun/ammo trade' with CAB and GMTN, I'm going to lose it...].
- HIBB announced that it will begin implementing a new labor management this fall that will likely result in lower payroll expense and better merchandise management. This is yet another sign that the company is gearing up towards its next growth phase beyond 750 stores towards 1 stores and sustainable double digit margins. [McGough's Note: this is big...HIBB's major weakness in years past has been inability to control and leverage labor costs].
- Cliff Notes from the TJX annual meeting Tuesday. The key takeaway is how the company plans to expand its reach, continue growth and yet cut expenses at the same time. Opening 15-20 more stores than initially expected (they noted this a few weeks ago). Reduce capex by 23% and cut $150mm in opex. Looking to grow internationally - specifically Germany. TJX inked deals with "hundreds" of new vendors in the first quarter alone.
- PVH continues to expand the reach of its brands into the home furnishing space with the announcement of IZOD bed, bath and kitchen products. Last fall, the company entered the furniture realm with its own CK furniture line. While not expected to move the needle near-term, these initiatives could generate substantial revenue down the road in addition to enhancing brand image. It also plays into the housing improvement cycle that we called throughout Q1.
MORNING NEWS (full detail including sources at end of this note)
Zach's overview of items you're unlikely to find in the general press.
- The commercial court in Paris placed Christian Lacroix into administration for a period of six months yesterday
- Teens Outline Brand Preferences in New Research Report. Under Armour is a positive call out.
- Abrams Research firm released a study today on the luxury industry, after speaking with more than 100 carefully selected industry experts
- Fashion brands couldn't escape an erosion in their royalties last year
- The TJX Cos. Inc. told shareholders at the company's annual meeting Tuesday that it plans to expand its reach and keep a lid on expenses
- Golf Shoe Cos. Sued for Patent Infringement
- Puma N.A. Secures U.S. Swimwear, Beachwear Licensee
- The Finish Line Partners with Soles4Souls for B-T-S Promotion
- Used SG Purchases Fell Below $1 Billion in CY08
- Brown Shoe Co. strikes a licensing deal with Marvel Entertainment that will allow the Famous Footwear parent to add characters from Marvel's upcoming feature films
- Converse is rolling out Fall collections of the iconic Chuck Taylor All Star in collaboration with rock and metal artists AC/DC and Metallica
- Cranston Print Works, of Webster, MA, which printed millions of yards of cloth, is shifting all textile printing to China, Korea, Pakistan and Taiwan
- Donald Craig Wood, the principal of the Temecula, CA business known as Golden State Golf, filed for Chap. 7 bankruptcy protection on May 29
- Neiman Marcus Inc. has centralized its fashion office
- Miley Cyrus and Max Azria are heading to Wal-Mart to launch a trend-right collection. [McGough Note: I'm the first to admit that Miley is huge (as will my 8-year old daughter) but when is the last time you heard a CEO stand up and say "we're going to launch a new 'trend-wrong' collection. C'mon...].
- Gucci, Richemont Seek Sanctions Against Bank of China in Counterfeit Case
- U.K. online retail sales will grow 13.3% this year, research firm predicts
- The London Organizing Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympics Games has started sourcing licensees for the design, manufacture and U.K. retail distribution of London 2012-branded product across categories
- With AIG not extending its jersey sponsorship deal with Manchester United, Aon Corporation, a $10 billion company who specializes in risk management, insurance and consulting, is expected to take over
- Hi-Tec footwear company is putting a premium on technology for its fall '09 line
RESEARCH EDGE PORTFOLIO: (Comments by Keith McCullough):
06/02/2009 2:42 PM
SHORTING GIL $17.50
McGough remains negative on the fundamentals here (see his recent note). From a quantitative perspective this stock is overbought today. KM
HBI: Thomas Weisel Partners came out overweight on HBI
GIL: Thomas Weisel Partners came out underweight on GIL
This guy has got the right call going here.
INSIDER TRADING ACTIVITY
VFC: Frank Pickard III, VP & Treasurer, disposed of 7,100shs ($423,870) representing ~50% of his total holdings.
GPS: Marka Hansen, President, Gap Brand, disposed of ~31kshs (~$57,500) representing ~30% of his total holdings.
COH: 5 different executive level employees bought modest amounts of stock (<$20k) via the company's employee stock purchase plan.
MACRO SECTOR VIEW AND TRADING CALL OUTS
- The MVRX continues to outperform up +96bps vs. the S&P +20bps yesterday.
- TLB +19.7% was the greatest outlier to the upside on nearly 3x avg. daily volume and the only double digit gainer vs. 9 on Friday.
- ZQK +2.4% continuing a 6-day run ahead of earnings Thursday (AMC) on nearly 3x avg. daily volume.
- ZUMZ +7.6% on 2x avg. daily volume - the most significant upward move since issuing weaker than expected guidance on 5/21.
- JCG -4.5% returned the prior day gains after a monster run into earnings and 26% jump on Friday.
- NKE -2.4% took its first breather after a 7-day Dollar trade inflated run.
THIS WEEK'S COMPANY CALENDAR:
MORNING NEWS SUMMARY DETAILS
The commercial court in Paris placed Christian Lacroix into administration for a period of six months yesterday. It remains unclear whether the couture house will show at the next Haute Couture fashion week in Paris which takes place July 6-9. Last week Christian Lacroix said it planned to file for bankruptcy protection after it was hit by falling sales. Christian Lacroix himself, who set up the label in 1987, is reported to have said he will give "200%" to keep the fashion house running. Reports suggest that the designer is owed around €1.2 million (£1m) by the company. Christian Lacroix is owned by Falic Group, which bought the label from LVMH in 2005.
Teens Outline Brand Preferences in New Research Report - It would come as no surprise that teenagers rate the Nike and Adidas brands highest in many categories of brand strength, given the brands' global appeal and marketing budgets, but consumers aged 12 to 17 years old were dramatically more likely to be aware of and purchase the Under Armour, Speedo and Puma brands than the U.S. population as a whole. That conclusion is based on the latest Brand Strength Report - Teen Edition produced by The SportsOneSource Group
Pasted from <http://www.sportsonesource.com/>
Abrams Research firm released a study today on the luxury industry, after speaking with more than 100 carefully selected industry experts. "There's definitely a cautious optimism among the experts in the luxury market right now," Abrams, who is also chief legal analyst for NBC and MSNBC, told WWD in an exclusive interview. "The luxury goods market is one that is preparing for change as a result of recession and the expansion of the online market." Below, additional results and data from the study are available exclusively on WWD.com. Abrams Research Luxury Brands Survey, 2009:
- When asked how best a luxury brand could adapt to and survive the recession, 34.9 percent of respondents suggested cutting back on everything but essentials, and making "quality essentials the core of the brand." (Only 2.8 percent suggested cutting back on luxury materials.) Meanwhile, 33 percent suggested launching an offshoot, down-market brand instead. Just 9.4 percent suggested cutting back on advertising.
- Destination markets: Our experts tapped China as the next big luxury market to break into by a decisive margin, 42.5 percent. The next-closest potential market was India (17 percent) followed by the Gulf States (14.2 percent).
Brands Most Likely to Make the Most of the Recession
Topshop - 34.1%
Chanel - 28%
Louis Vuitton - 21.9%
Forever 21 - 13.4%
H&M - 13.4%
Marc Jacobs - 13.4%
Hermès - 7.3%
J. Crew - 6.1%
Best Shopping Brands Online
Net-a-porter.com - 33.7%
Gilt Groupe - 15.7%
Neimanmarcus.com - 8.9%
Barneys.com - 6.7%
Eluxury.com - 6.7%
Bluefly.com - 5.6%
Shopbop.com - 5.6%
Saks.com - 5.6%
Pasted from <http://www.wwd.com/business-news/>
Fashion brands couldn't escape an erosion in their royalties last year, but their decline was smaller than most other classifications of intellectual property and the universe of North American brands. Fashion brands took in $775 million in royalties last year, down 4.3 percent from $810 million in 2007, according to the annual Licensing Industry Survey conducted by the Licensing International Merchandisers' Association, released on Tuesday. Overall, royalties declined 5.6 percent in North America to $5.66 billion from $5.99 billion in the prior year. The figures refer to the origin of the brands and not to the categories of merchandise for which they're licensed. For instance, character licenses, by far the largest category in the LIMA survey, logged royalties of $2.61 billion, down 3.9 percent, but much of the merchandise sold under those licenses was in apparel and accessories. Following characters in royalty revenue, but a distant second, were corporate trademarks and brands, down 8 percent to $975 million, followed by fashion and then sports, down 9.2 percent to $740 million. The only category to escape a decline in royalties last year was collegiate brands, which grew 3.5 percent in royalty revenue to $208 million. The largest decline, outside of the catchall "other" category, was art, where royalties sagged 12 percent to $154 million. "Given the economic climate, the revenue declines are not unexpected," said Charles Riotto, president of LIMA. "However, a strategic, thoughtfully implemented licensing program remains a very effective way for businesses to build their brands, drive incremental revenue and position themselves to thrive in a rebounding economy. "It's more important than ever for brand owners to identify brand extensions that will support and enhance their core businesses, while retaining flexibility to be there when consumers are ready to buy," he concluded. The results were culled from companies in the licensing business, examination of public financial documents and interviews with licensing industry executives.
Pasted from <http://www.wwd.com/business-news/>
Golf Shoe Cos. Sued for Patent Infringement - Adidas, Adi subsidiary TaylorMade Golf, Callaway and ECCO USA are the named defendants in a patent infringement suit filed last week in Philadelphia by plaintiffs Greenkeepers, Inc. of Philadelphia and Greenkeepers of Delaware. http://www.sginewswire.com/sginewswire/index.asp
Puma N.A. Secures U.S. Swimwear, Beachwear Licensee - Blue Water Design Group, the former Waterfront Design Group which was acquired by Apparel Ventures Inc. in 2004, has been named the Cat's official licensee for women's swimwear and beachwear in the U.S. market. Blue Water will be responsible for design, merchandising, sales and marketing of the collection that will be marketed to key department. http://www.sginewswire.com/sginewswire/index.asp
The Finish Line Partners with Soles4Souls for B-T-S Promotion - The athletic specialty retailer is teaming with the Nashville-based organization, which distributes footwear to needy people worldwide, on a used shoe collection program for the next three months. Starting yesterday and ending Sep. 7, FINL will encourage its customers to bring in a pair of new or 'gently worn' shoes at any of its 690 doors. http://www.sginewswire.com/sginewswire/index.asp
Used SG Purchases Fell Below $1 Billion in CY08 - U.S. consumers bought $969 million worth of used sporting goods last year, falling below the $1 billion threshold for the first time in three years. In CY07, sales of used sporting goods hit $1.08 billion. A year earlier, they totaled $1.01 billion, according to research conducted for the National Sporting Goods Association (NSGA). http://www.sginewswire.com/sginewswire/index.asp
Brown Shoe Co. strikes a licensing deal with Marvel Entertainment that will allow the Famous Footwear parent to add characters from Marvel's upcoming feature films to several footwear collections. The partnership will begin with an Iron Man 2 shoe for the toddler, youth and young adult market in Spring 2010 and will be followed by styles adorned by other Marvel superheroes such as Thor and Captain America
Converse is rolling out Fall collections of the iconic Chuck Taylor All Star in collaboration with rock and metal artists AC/DC and Metallica
Cranston Print Works, of Webster, MA, which printed millions of yards of cloth, is shifting all textile printing to China, Korea, Pakistan and Taiwan.
Donald Craig Wood, the principal of the Temecula, CA business known as Golden State Golf, filed for Chap. 7 bankruptcy protection on May 29. Petition lists $276,145 in total liabilities, including $247,997 owed to unsecured creditors. Top five trade unsecured creditors are: TaylorMade ($8,712), Ping ($7,920), Callaway ($7,077) and Mizuno USA ($6,803). First meeting of creditors is scheduled for June 30 in Riverside, CA.
Neiman Marcus Inc. has centralized its fashion office, giving three seasoned fashion executives responsibilities for the Neiman Marcus, Neiman Marcus Direct and Bergdorf Goodman divisions. Under the reorganization, Kareen Mallet becomes women's ready-to-wear senior market editor. Mallet, who had the same title at Neiman's, will be responsible for covering contemporary, bridge, dress collections, evening, lingerie and coats. Roopal Patel, women's fashion accessory senior market editor, will cover handbags, shoes, fashion accessories, fashion jewelry and designer jewelry. She previously was senior fashion director at Bergdorf's covering various women's areas. Tommy Fazio, men's fashion director and senior market editor, will be responsible for covering men's designer, sportswear, tailored clothing, contemporary, furnishings, men's accessories and shoes. He previously was men's fashion director at Bergdorf's. Officials said the three fashion executives were given broader roles to leverage their skills and to take over the responsibilities for two individuals who retired from Neiman's in the past two months: Sandra Wilson, who covered accessories, and Colby McWilliams, who was the men's fashion director. They were not replaced. The company also said no layoffs resulted from the centralization. The new fashion office will report to Ken Downing, who serves as senior vice president and fashion director at Neiman Marcus stores and simultaneously covers the women's couture and designer markets for Neiman's. He now also oversees the administrative matters concerning the staff at the central fashion office, located at 1450 Broadway in Manhattan. With the reorganization, said Neiman's president and chief executive officer Karen Katz, "we are now able to fully utilize the talents and strengths of Roopal, Tommy and Kareen across all brands and channels while providing each of them with new areas of growth and responsibility." Jim Gold, president and CEO of Bergdorf Goodman, explained why NMG decided to centralize the fashion office. "We had an opportunity to leverage two extremely talented individuals for the corporation, Roopal and Tommy," he said. "These two individuals know Bergdorf's so well and have unique fashion skills so the Neiman Marcus Inc. felt that we could [more fully] utilize their talents. As they cover the markets, they will look through the lens of both brands."
Pasted from <http://www.wwd.com/business-news/>
Miley Cyrus and Max Azria are heading to Wal-Mart. Miley Cyrus, the teen sensation whose alter ego, Hannah Montana, stars in her own TV show and concerts, is teaming up with Max Azria, chairman, designer and chief executive officer of BCBG Max Azria Group, to create a junior line for Wal-Mart called Miley Cyrus and Max Azria, sources said. The trend-right collection will bow in all Wal-Mart stores and on walmart.com in early August, the sources said, adding the line will include tops, pants, graphic T-shirts and shoes, priced under $20. A Wal-Mart Stores Inc. spokeswoman could not be reached for comment, while a spokesman for Max Azria declined comment. Cyrus has been a fan of Azria's designs for some time. She wore a short Hervé Léger by Max Azria dress in April to the U.K. premiere of "Hannah Montana: The Movie," and for the 2009 Grammy Awards, Cyrus donned a custom Hervé Léger by Max Azria black gown. Azria is said to have developed a rapport with Cyrus in the course of dressing her for events and eventually became acquainted with her parents - her father, country star Billy Ray Cyrus, who appears on the "Hannah Montana" series, and mother, Tish. The Miley Cyrus line is the second major teen country star Wal-Mart has linked with in the last few months. The retailer already carries a line of cami dresses by country sensation Taylor Swift under the label L.E.I. by Taylor Swift, which is exclusive to Wal-Mart. Other junior collections offered at the store include "America's Next Top Model" T-shirts and sweatpants; No Boundaries athletic shorts and tank tops, and Op smocked jersey dresses and tube dresses. In the past, Wal-Mart has offered Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen's tween fashion line and Stuff by Hilary Duff. The Wal-Mart deal marks Max Azria's second foray into mass market territory and gives him agreements with the world's two largest retailers - Wal-Mart and Carrefour. In 2006, Azria signed a deal to design a women's ready-to-wear collection for the French retailer, which operates hypermarkets in France, Greece, Spain, Belgium, Italy and Portugal. The collection Tex by Max Azria launched for the fall-winter 2007 season. At the time, industry sources familiar with the arrangement said the deal, which ends Dec. 31, 2011, has a minimum guaranteed volume of 1 billion Euros, or about $1.3 billion, over the course of the contract, plus escalations per season. The BCBG Max Azria Group is a diversified organization. Its portfolio of 22 brands includes BCBGeneration, Max and Cleo and Manoukian, among others, with price points from less than $20 for Miley Cyrus and Max Azria at Wal-Mart, to $3,000 for a Hervé Léger dress at Bergdorf Goodman.
Pasted from <http://www.wwd.com/retail-news/>
Gucci, Richemont Seek Sanctions Against Bank of China in Counterfeit Case - Gucci America Inc., the luxury company that is owned by Paris-based PPR SA, asked a U.S. judge to hold Bank of China Ltd. in contempt for failing to turn over documents and to order it to pay $4 million.
Pasted from <http://www.bloomberg.com/news/industries/consumer.html>
U.K. online retail sales will grow 13.3% this year, research firm predicts - Verdict Research estimates online retail sales in the United Kingdom this year will exceed $34 billion. By 2013, the research firm says, online retail sales will surpass $51 billion and represent 10% of all retail sales in the U.K.
Pasted from <http://www.internetretailer.com/>
The London Organizing Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympics Games has started sourcing licensees for the design, manufacture and U.K. retail distribution of London 2012-branded product across categories. The IP covered includes the core London 2012 branding, the official mascots, sporting pictograms, Team GB and Paralympics GB. The initial categories, which will be awarded after a tender process, are home textiles, stationery and print, ceramics and glassware, souvenirs and jewelry. "The London 2012 licensing program is progressing well and there are significant opportunities for companies to get involved with the Games," says Simon Lilley, senior manager of licensing and retail for LOCOG. "We're looking for innovative responses from companies which can offer expertise and creativity in these sectors." The first stage of the process is to register on the Compete For Web site, which is the online service for matching potential suppliers with Games-related business opportunities. Closing dates for expressions of interest across the different categories are home textiles-June 12; stationery and print-June 19; souvenirs-July 3; ceramics and glassware-July 10 and jewelry-July 24. Partners signed for London 2012 are Tier One Partners - adidas, BP, British Airways, BT, EDF Energy, Lloyds TSB and Nortel. Tier Two Supporters - Adecco, Cadbury and Deloitte. Tier Three Suppliers and Providers - Airwave, Atkins, Boston Consulting Group, Crystal CG, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP, McCann Worldgroup, Populous and Trident. The Worldwide Olympic partners signed up for 2012 are Coca-Cola, Acer, Atos Origin, GE, McDonald's, Omega, Panasonic, Samsung and Visa.
With AIG not extending its jersey sponsorship deal with Manchester United, Aon Corporation, a $10 billion company who specializes in risk management, insurance and consulting, is expected to take over.
Pasted from <http://www.cnbc.com/id/15837629>
Hi-Tec footwear company is putting a premium on technology for its fall '09 line, which uses Vibram rubber, Thinsulate insulation and the company's Ion Mask waterproofing system to keep customers warm, dry and stable in winter weather. The $50 to $110 collection will begin delivering this month (continuing through September) to outdoor specialty shops, family footwear chains and sporting goods accounts.
Pasted from <http://www.wwd.com/footwear-news/>