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Consumption Accelerates: GDP Growth

This morning's US GDP estimate for the first quarter of 2013 came in a 2.5%, 0.5% below expectations of 3.0%. Despite the headline being a miss, there's still plenty of positives in the report that fall in line with our economic growth expectations. For instance: Consumer Spending growth accelerated for the third consecutive quarter, growing 3.2% sequentially versus expectations for 2.5%, and contributing +2.24 to the Total GDP figure on the quarter. Investment grew 12.3% quarter-over-quarter alongside some inventory build and continued strength in residential and non-residential fixed investment. Net exports contributing -0.5 to total GDP as growth in imports outran export growth.

 

 

Consumption Accelerates: GDP Growth - GDP Chart

 


Growth Accelerating: Strong Dollar

As evidenced by the decline in commodity prices over the last three months, the US dollar is in bullish formation and has been appreciating in value considerably since the beginning of the year. A strong US dollar ultimately helps drive consumption in the US which in turn drives growth. As Americans witness lower prices at grocery stores and gas stations, they will consume more. This is great for consumption stocks and bearish for commodity-related stocks like gold miners (FCX, GDX, etc.). 

 

Growth Accelerating: Strong Dollar - image001


CAN CHINA AVOID FINANCIAL CRISIS?

Takeaway: The risk of a Chinese financial crisis is heightened to the extent that financial sector reforms are not appropriately managed.

SUMMARY BULLETS:

 

  • In yesterday’s Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) meeting, China’s executive leadership mapped out guidelines to address a slew of structural ailments that were brightly highlighted in China’s disappointing 1Q growth statistics. Indeed, a “lack of growth momentum” was identified as the most serious challenge to the Chinese economy.
  • Ironically to us, there was hardly a mention of China’s domestic financial sector risks in the official transcript, though recent commentary by PBOC Governor Zhou Xiaochuan which highlighted his call for urgency on the reform front suggests that financial sector risks are, in fact, the elephant in the room: “China has to make economic reform its top priority,” he said.
  • All told, we continue to see elevated risk of a Chinese financial crisis – however one may materialize – and destabilizing capital outflows over the long-term TAIL (3yrs or less) – IF financial sector reforms and capital account liberalization are not appropriately managed by the powers that be.
  • To follow up on our deep-dive presentation on this very topic from this past Tuesday’s call on the upcoming cycle of emerging market crises, we’ll be hosting a conference call on Monday morning (4/29) at 11am EST featuring Carl Walter of Stanford's Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center. On the call, we will examine the key risks currently embedded across China's financial system and assess the probability of a Chinese financial crisis in light of the Chinese Communist Party's financial sector reform agenda. Email if you’re interested in attending or would like to be earmarked to receive the replay materials.

 

In yesterday’s Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) meeting, China’s executive leadership mapped out guidelines to address a slew of structural ailments that were brightly highlighted in China’s disappointing 1Q growth statistics: slowing GDP and consumption growth amid accelerating growth in credit and fixed assets investment. China’s first APR growth data point leaves much to be desired in the way of a meaningful rebound:

 

  • APR MNI Business Sentiment Indicator: 58.5 vs. 59.3 (APR flash) vs. 58.2 (MAR)
    • New Orders: 58.2 vs. 59 (APR flash) vs. 54.8 (MAR)
    • Production: 57.3 vs. 57.8 (APR flash) vs. 55.2 (MAR)

 

Indeed, a “lack of growth momentum” was identified as the most serious challenge to the Chinese economy – partly affected by slow global growth (exacerbated by “liquidity in some developed economies”) and a broad-based lack of sustained investor confidence due to Europe’s sovereign debt crises.

 

Ironically to us, there was hardly a mention of China’s domestic financial sector risks in the official transcript, though recent commentary by PBOC Governor Zhou Xiaochuan which highlighted his call for urgency on the reform front suggests that financial sector risks are, in fact, the elephant in the room: “China has to make economic reform its top priority,” he said.

 

NOTE: This is very much in line with what we have identified in our recent work on China – specifically in that the clock is ticking rather loudly for China’s unsustainable economic growth/public official wealth accumulation model…

 

What’s perhaps most interesting is that Chinese leaders remained committed to stringent macroprudential policies in the face of an obvious growth slowdown. As we have been saying for the past ~3 years: it’s because they architected the aforementioned growth slowdown! Indeed, they remain reluctant to hit the “go” button on large-scale stimulus, instead opting for further growth-negative policies, such as curbing the expansion of resource-intensive industries – many of which are rife with overcapacity. To this point, Chinese banks have already begun tightening loans to the iron and steel industries amid fear of rising NPLs.

 

CAN CHINA AVOID FINANCIAL CRISIS? - 2

 

All told, we continue to see elevated risk of a Chinese financial crisis – however one may materialize – and destabilizing capital outflows over the long-term TAIL (3yrs or less) – IF financial sector reforms and capital account liberalization are not appropriately managed by the powers that be (PSC, PBOC, MOF, CBRC, CSRC, NDRC, etc.). Indeed, the next round of reforms will be a sizeable team effort across all of China’s major regulatory and strategic planning agencies.

 

To follow up on our deep-dive presentation on this very topic from this past Tuesday’s call on the upcoming cycle of emerging market crises, we’ll be hosting a conference call on Monday morning (4/29) at 11am EST featuring Carl Walter of Stanford's Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center.

 

Carl is arguably the world’s preeminent expert on the Chinese financial system, having lived and worked in Beijing from 1991 to 2011, first as an investment banker involved in the earliest SOE restructurings and overseas public listings, then as chief operation officer of China's first joint venture investment bank, China International Capital Corporation. Over the last ten years he was JPMorgan's China chief operating officer as well as chief executive officer of its China banking subsidiary. Walter is also the co-author of Red Capitalism: The Fragile Financial Foundations of China's Extraordinary Rise (2012) and Privatizing China: Inside China's Stock Markets (2005).

 

On the call, we will examine the key risks currently embedded across China's financial system and assess the probability of a Chinese financial crisis in light of the Chinese Communist Party's financial sector reform agenda. Email if you’re interested in attending or would like to be earmarked to receive the replay materials.

 

Have a great weekend,

 

Darius Dale

Senior Analyst

 

CAN CHINA AVOID FINANCIAL CRISIS? - 3

 

CAN CHINA AVOID FINANCIAL CRISIS? - 1

 

CAN CHINA AVOID FINANCIAL CRISIS? - 4


Hedgeye Statistics

The total percentage of successful long and short trading signals since the inception of Real-Time Alerts in August of 2008.

  • LONG SIGNALS 80.28%
  • SHORT SIGNALS 78.51%

1Q13 GDP - Consumption Acceleration

Takeaway: 1Q13 GDP offered positive confirmation of our 1Q13 theme for domestic consumption #GrowthStabilizing. We still like the theme.

This morning’s advance GDP estimate for 1Q13 came in at 2.5% vs expectations for 3.0%.  Belying the headline miss were some positive under the hood dynamics relative to our view on domestic consumption.  Consumer Spending growth accelerated for a third consecutive quarter, growing 3.2% sequentially vs expectations for 2.5%, and contributing +2.24 to the Total GDP figure on the quarter. Investment grew 12.3% q/q alongside some inventory build and continued strength in Residential and NonResidential Fixed Investment.  Government Spending showed some unsurprising weakness, declining 4.1% Q/Q with National Defense leading the decline with Gross Investment and Consumption Expenditures down 30.3% and 8.3%, respectively.  To summarize:

 

C:  Consumer coming in stronger than expected printing 3.2% vs. expectations for 2.8%.  Contributing +2.24 to total GDP.

I: Investment up +12.3% Q/Q and contributing 1.56 to Total GDP.  Inventories, Residential & Nonresidential Investment all positive contributions.

G:  Down 4.1% Q/Q  on the back of -7.0% in 4Q12.  Contributing -0.8 to total GDP

E:  Net exports contributing -0.5 to total GDP as growth in imports outran export growth.

 

Inflation:  Core PCE remained subdued at +1.2% which continues to lend itself to steady-as-she-goes monetary policy.   While we think employment could surprise on the upside over the NTM and Fed board commentary has been incrementally hawkish, with sequester related fiscal drag uncertainty unlikely to ebb through 3Q,  inflation below target of 2.0% and the “transiently tolerable” 2.5%, employment growth still modest, and a significant output gap remaining, we don’t hold expectations for a material policy inflection over the intermediate term. 

 

GIP Model:  On the fundamental side, 1Q13 GDP growth agreed with our Growth/Inflation/Policy (GIP) model estimate which called for accelerating growth and decelerating inflation and a move to Quadrant 1.  Simply put, if you are modeling the national economy as you would a company, Quad 1 (Accelerating Growth, Decelerating Inflation) equates to accelerating topline growth alongside margin expansion – You want to be long that.  Our early estimate for 2Q has the U.S. holding in Quad 1.   

 

In short, today’s GDP release offered positive confirmation of our 1Q13 theme for domestic consumption #GrowthStabilizing.  While its (still) hard to pin a bullish secular thesis on peak margins, a low single digit and declining savings rate, and a positive spread on spending growth vs. income growth alongside already zero bound interest rates, in the near-term, the game plan remains much the same as its been YTD.  Housing and Labor market trends remain positive for domestic consumption while declining government deficit spending, a benign domestic monetary policy outlook, a bearish setup for the Yen, and a weak growth/dovish policy outlook for the EU should all continue to support $USD strength and ongoing commodity deflation.

 

1Q13 GDP - Consumption Acceleration - GDP Chart

 

1Q13 GDP - Consumption Acceleration - U.S. Pods 042513

 

1Q13 GDP - Consumption Acceleration - GDP Summary 042513 1Q13 

 

Christian B. Drake

Senior Analyst 


Growth Accelerating: More Jobs

Housing is just one piece of the macroeconomic puzzle in the United States. The labor market is the other key driver of economic improvement and lately, things are looking up. This week's initial jobless claims numbers show improvement on both a seasonally adjusted and non-seasonally adjusted (NSA) basis. 

 

Growth Accelerating: More Jobs - JOBLESSCLAIMS1

 

We consider the 4-week rolling average in non-seasonally adjusted claims to be the more accurate representation of the underlying labor market trend and on that metric, the trend improved 2.5% week-over-week as the year-over-year change in 4-week rolling claims went from -6.3% year-over-year from -3.8% year-over-year the week prior. The headline number fell 13,000 to 339,000 week-over-week versus the prior week’s unrevised number while the 4-week rolling average in seasonally adjusted claims dropped 4,500 week-over-week to 358K. Remember: when the numbers fall, that's a positive for the economy because it shows a drop in the number of people who are jobless and filing claims.

 

Growth Accelerating: More Jobs - JOBLESSCLAIMS2


SBUX STILL TOP DOG

Starbucks is the best-run company that we follow and the long-term TAIL seems unlimited. The company’s geographical reach and size is highly impressive. Even more impressive is the performance of the Americas business, given its size and maturity.

 

We maintain a positive view of Starbucks as an effective way to play improving US consumption.  While sell-side analysts this morning are correct that the global macro outlook is challenging, it is important to know where SBUX has its exposure.  The U.S. is what will drive beats and misses in the near term, despite much unit growth being focused in China/Asia-Pacific. ~88% of company stores and ~85% of licensed stores within the "Americas" division are located in the United States.

 

SBUX STILL TOP DOG - yum mcd sbux opinc

 

 

The Good

 

Last night, Starbucks reported global same-store sales growth of 6% (13th consecutive quarter above 5%).  Same-stores sales in the Americas division grew 6% (including 5% traffic). Total revenue growth of 11% produced a 180 bps increase in operating margin and a 20% increase in EPS. 

 

Americas:

  • Revenues + 10% yy
  • SRS two-yr comp sequentially declined 100 bps
  • Operating Income +22%
  • Operating Margin +220 bps to 21.1% (highest 2Q ever)

SBUX STILL TOP DOG - sbux americas pod1

 

 

EMEA:

  • Revenues unch’d, operating margin unch’d
  • -2% 2QFY13 comps implies 2-yr  comps negative
  • Emphasis is on improving profitability by refranchising (“sold to you!”)
  • Applying Americas “learnings” not trumping macro

SBUX STILL TOP DOG - sbux emea pod1

 

 

CAP:

  • Revenues grew 22%
  • Comps at +8% came in light vs consensus
  • Operating margin down -710 bps on investment spending on China growth

SBUX STILL TOP DOG - sbux cap pod1

 

 

The Less-Good: Expectations, Food

 

The only slight negative stemming from what was, overall, a bullish conference call was management reigning in expectations for 2H13, but upping the official guidance. During the call management guided for 3QFY13 EPS of $0.50-0.53 and 4QFY13 EPS of $0.54-0.57, versus consensus of $0.54 and $0.57, respectively. The coffee cost tailwinds should continue well into FY15 now, offsetting continued investments in growth-related initiatives. 

 

Food remains Starbucks’ Achilles’ heel.  The acquisition of La Boulange is a long way from being branded a “success”.  As of yesterday, there were 439 stores carrying La Boulange products, including all stores in the San Francisco Bay Area.  The company is planning a rollout of La Boulange pastries in the Pacific Northwest including Seattle in June, then will expand to cities including Los Angeles and Chicago, followed later in the year by New York and Boston. The company is on track to have La Boulange products in all of our U.S. company operated stores by the end of 2014.

 

 

Howard Penney

Managing Director

 

Rory Green

Senior Analyst


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