Get the US Dollar Right

Client Talking Points

US Dollar Action

As we say often at Hedgeye, if you get the US dollar right, you get a lot of other things right. However, you still have to understand how the dollar is correlated to different assets, and those correlations change over time. Right now, an up US dollar means US and Asian stocks are higher but Brazilian, Russian and Emerging Market stocks are down.  Also, right now, a lower US dollar means higher commodities and basic materials stocks.

Crisis in the Crisis?

Cyprus wasn’t really a crisis though many would want you to believe it was a major global contagion. There are, though, economies in Europe that are struggling, and fear is indeed alive and well across the continent there. The Euro is in a bearish formation, and Italy has been bearish on TRADE and TREND durations for a month now.

Asset Allocation


Top Long Ideas

Company Ticker Sector Duration

Darden stands to be a beneficiary from a housing recovery and an improved employment picture, which boosts casual dining trends. Darden reported earnings today that beat Wall Street expectations, though net income declined 18%.


With FedEx Express margins at a 30+ year low and 4-7 percentage points behind competitors, the opportunity for effective cost reductions appears significant. FedEx Ground is using its structural advantages to take market share from UPS. FDX competes in a highly consolidated industry with rational pricing. Both the Ground and Express divisions could be separately worth more than FDX’s current market value, in our view.


HOLX remains one of our favorite longer-term fundamental growth companies given growing penetration of its 3D Tomo platform and high leverage to the 2014 Insurance Expansion from the Affordable Care Act.

Three for the Road


“Our cross country tour of the most hated bull market move in modern history carries on.” --@KeithMcCullough



“If you tell the truth, you don’t have to remember anything.” – Mark Twain


357,000, the number of initial jobless claims reported this morning, which was higher than expectations of 340,000

Ears Up

This note was originally published at 8am on March 14, 2013 for Hedgeye subscribers.

“You can judge by his eyes and ears. One cannot read bears like that.”

-John Vaillant, The Tiger


Is this a bull or a bear? Whatever it is, and whether you decide to use behavioral ecology, interconnected macro math, or licking your finger, you have to decide on some type of signaling process to answer the question.


Knowing where you are in an economic cycle matters as much as understanding where your predator is (the other side of the trade). That’s why I think Vaillant’s epic true story of a man-eating tiger in Siberia is so relevant to my market day.  


If you see that his ears are down, that’s not a good sign. Then you have to look at him in the eye with all the rage you can muster and the tiger will stop and back off.” (The Tiger, pg 248) When do you think the bulls will back off lifting your offers?


Back to the Global Macro Grind


How are the bears going to stop the US stock market from going up? Since there’s a bull market in top-calling right now, are they going to talk it down? That sounds scary. But does that have any teeth?


You know, the ears are her steering wheel. You can turn off her teeth with the ears” (The Tiger, pg 96).


Admittedly,  that advice comes from a Russian who used to “bag” tigers alive. Reading through Vaillant’s account of encounters with these big cats, I wouldn’t take a stroll into the taiga and try that alone. Neither would I short SPY’s with the VIX signaling 10.


Process Review: there are 2 main parts to how I make risk managed decisions in markets:


1.       Risk Management Signals

2.       Research Views


The Research and Risk Signals aren’t always aligned, but when they are, I move. Instead of the ridiculous “risk on, wax off” thing the sell-side implemented into Old Wall vernacular, let’s think of the market’s main risk (beta) as either having its Ears Up/Down.


Reminder on our current Global Macro Research View:

  1. #StrongDollar Deflates Commodity Inflation
  2. Commodity Deflation Drives real (inflation adjusted) Consumption Growth
  3. Consumption Growth Drives GDP Growth, Gold Down, Treasuries Down, Ears Up

Our updated Risk Management Signals for US #GrowthStabilizing and/or #Accelerating:

  1. US Dollar Index: up for the 6th consecutive week at $82.96 this morning (+4.0% YTD)
  2. CRB Commodities Index: closed down (with stocks up yesterday) at 294 (down -0.3% YTD)
  3. SP500: for the 1st time in 2013, our Risk Range is signaling a higher all-time high (up at 1568)
  4. Russell2000: already made a higher all-time high (yesterday) at 943 (+11.1% YTD)
  5. US Equity Volatility (VIX): closed at 11.83 yesterday (-38% since FEB25); no support to 10.89
  6. US Treasuries (10yr): made another higher-low this wk and is testing 6 month highs today

Then, on the interconnected Global Macro Equity market signaling front:

  1. Japan’s Nikkei = +1.2% overnight, making another new YTD high (+43% since NOV2012)
  2. China’s Shanghai Composite = +0.3%, making another higher-low, holding 2206 TREND support
  3. South Korea’s KOSPI = +0.12% overnight, remains bullish TRADE and TREND in our model
  4. India’s BSE Sensex = +1.1% overnight, back above TREND line support of 19,419 to 19,581
  5. Germany’s DAX = +0.8% this morning, making a run for fresh new highs (Bullish Formation)
  6. Brazil’s Bovespa = -1.4% yesterday, and continues to break down (Bearish Formation, -5.3% YTD)

Only 1 of those 6 Global Equity markets has its Ears Down. That 1 of 6 is not like the others because the Bovespa is a heavily weighted commodity stock market. This is why not everyone agrees with the fulcrum point of our Research View; not everyone gets paid by a Strong Dollar, Down Commodities. Know how people get paid, and you’ll know their confirmation biases.


Ears Down in Oil? Yep. And guess what’s driving that? #StrongDollar. While the immediate-term TRADE correlation between the SP500 and USD  is currently POSITIVE (+0.84), for Brent Oil vs USD it’s NEGATIVE (-0.88). That’s another way to think about signaling without losing yourself in a Ph.D dissertation about causality.


Like a charging bull, bear, or tiger, the Correlation Risk happens fast. And unlike these non-domesticated animals, these mathematical monsters run fast, both ways. So keep those eyes and ears open!


Our immediate-term Risk Ranges for Gold, Oil (Brent), US Dollar, USD/YEN, UST 10yr Yield, VIX, Russell2000, and the SP500 are now $1568-1591, $108.14-110.28, $82.46-83.11, 94.12-97.29, 1.97-2.11%, 10.89-13.18, 933-954, and 1541-1568, respectively.


Best of luck out there today,



Keith R. McCullough
Chief Executive Officer


Ears Up - Chart of the Day


Ears Up - Virtual Portfolio

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Fear's Furnace

“Paris is now become a furnace of politics.”

-Thomas Jefferson


In the beginning, Thomas Jefferson fell in love with France. Eventually, he started falling out of love with some of her socialized parts. The aforementioned quote came from a letter he wrote to a friend in 1788 and went on to add that “all the world is run politically mad. Men, women, children talk of nothing else.” (Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power, page 215)


Only 225 years later, free-market capitalists living in Paris probably still feel the same. Jefferson’s timing was, as usual, prescient. On July 14, 1789, The People stormed the Bastille Saint Aintone and the French Revolution went full throttle. All the while, George Washington was officially named the 1st President of the United States.


Imagine Americans were paralyzed by France’s politics then inasmuch as our global crisis-seeking media is now? That’s no way to live. There’s always a crisis somewhere in this world. There’s a crisis developing for those calling for a US crisis too.


Back to the Global Macro Grind


Put another way, there is a crisis in the crisis. And, no, I am not saying that you shouldn’t be shorting countries whose economies have been socialized and compromised by modern Marxist regimes. If you are bearish on Italy, just short Italy.


Quantitatively speaking, Fear’s Furnace appears to be alive and well in Europe. Consider the following signals:

  1. The Euro remains in a Bearish Formation (Bearish across all 3 of our core durations: TRADE, TREND, and TAIL)
  2. Germany’s DAX just broke its immediate-term TRADE line of 7865 support (this week); TREND support = 7695
  3. Italy’s MIB Index (-6% YTD) has been bearish TRADE and TREND for over a month now (Italian CDS now > 300 too)

So that’s bad – for them. But is everything that’s bad for them bad for you? Hopefully you aren’t reading this letter from Milan. But if you are, A) I hope it’s from vacation and B) that great cup of coffee you are drinking is going to get more expensive before you finish it.


In Euros, that is.


When your currency starts to get torched by politicians, you probably should start freaking out. If people really start freaking-out about Europe, what they are going to do with their fiat moneys next is more of what they are already doing – buying American:

  1. European investors will buy US Dollars
  2. European investors will buy US Stocks
  3. European investors will buy US Treasuries

And while the last part of that is something I probably need to risk manage more aggressively now (the fund flow bid to US Treasuries), the first two parts of that (#StrongDollar, Strong US Equities) is more of what we continue to like anyway.


The reason why this is confusing consensus is that for the last 3 years, this is not the way that the Global Macro market worked. To review: 2010-2012 was the US Dollar Debauchery period of The Ben Bernank (i.e. the period where the entire capital market world learned to just front-run the poor guy’s Policies to Inflate).


Today, the marginal debaucherer of currency is Japan – and the to-be Bernanked (cutting rates to zero) zone is Europe. That, in turn, puts further downward pressure on Euros and Yens relative to Dollars – and puts purchasing power in the back pockets of Americans.




Or non, mes amis? Not so cool for those using the old correlation playbook of 2010-2012 either:

  1. Dollar Up = Stocks and Commodities Down, globally
  2. Dollar Down = Stocks and Commodities Up, globally

That’s when the game was less hard. Remember, “get the Dollar right and you’ll get a lot of other things right”? That’s still right, but in a completely different way:

  1. Dollar Up = US and Asian Stocks Up
  2. Dollar Up = Brazilian, Russian, and Emerging Market Stocks Down
  3. Dollar Down = Commodities and Basic Materials Stocks Up

I know. Up, Down – all around. This is enough to make a man mad. Just be thankful you aren’t trying to trade S&P futures on what some French dude down on the Eastern edge of Paris was whispering to the Old Media’s twitterati , circa 1789.


Our immediate-term Risk Ranges for Gold, Oil (Brent), US Dollar, EUR/USD, UST10yr Yield, VIX, and the SP500 are now $1, $106.75-110.48, $82.79-83.66, $1.27-1.29, 1.84-1.96%, 11.31-14.29, and 1, respectively.


Happy Easter Weekend to you and your families,



Keith R. McCullough
Chief Executive Officer


Fear's Furnace - Chart of the Day


Fear's Furnace - Virtual Portfolio


TODAY’S S&P 500 SET-UP – March 28, 2013

As we look at today's setup for the S&P 500, the range is 14 points or 0.57% downside to 1554 and 0.33% upside to 1568.               










  • YIELD CURVE: 1.60 from 1.60
  • VIX  closed at 13.15 1 day percent change of 2.98%

MACRO DATA POINTS (Bloomberg Estimates):

  • 8:30am: GDP Q/q, 4Q revised, est. 0.5% (prior 0.1%)
  • 8:30am: Personal Consumption, 4Q revised, est. 2.1%
  • 8:30am: GDP Price Index, 4Q revised, est. 0.9% (prior 0.9%)
  • 8:30am: Core PCE Q/q. 4Q revised, est. 0.9% (prior 0.9%)
  • 8:30am: Init Jobless Claims, March 23, est. 340k (prior 336k)
  • 9am: NAPM-Milwaukee, March 56.0 (prior 56.5)
  • 9:45am: Chicago Purchasing Mgr, March, est. 56.5 (prior 56.8)
  • 9:45am: Bloomberg Consumer Comfort, March 24 (prior -33.9)
  • 10am: Freddie Mac 30-yr mortgage rates
  • 10:30am: EIA natural-gas storage change
  • 11am: Kansas City Fed Manuf., March, est. -3 (prior -10)
  • 11am: Fed to purchase $4.25b-$5.25b notes in 2017 sector
  • 11:30am: U.S. to sell $29b 7Y notes
  • 1pm: Baker Hughes rig count


    • Obama event w/ law enforcement officials, concerned mothers on protecting children from gun violence
    • 9am: U.S. Chamber of Commerce aviation summit, w/ speakers incl Boeing CEO James McNerney, FedEx CEO Frederick Smith, US Airways CEO Douglas Parker, United Continental CEO Jeff Smisek
    • 3pm: Bloomberg New Energy Finance’s Alejandro Zamorano Cadavid, Rand’s James Bartis, DuPont’s Jan Koninckx, Defense Dept’s Adam Rosenberg discuss future of biofuels in Defense Dept, hosted by Atlantic Council


  • AMR, US Airways merger approved while CEO severance pay denied
  • Cyprus opening banks amid cash withdrawal limits
  • JPM tells SEC new VaR model didn’t require prior disclosure
  • JPM outlook raised to stable by S&P
  • Swiss Re settles life contract dispute with Berkshire Hathaway
  • T-Mobile’s MetroPCS deal rejected by investor-advisory firm
  • D.E Master Blenders in discussions to be acquired by Benckiser
  • Google said to plan to make digital glasses in U.S. w/Foxconn
  • SAC seen facing smoother road to SEC accord approval than Citi
  • Clearwire to tap another $80m in financing from Sprint: Reuters
  • Ford forecasts $300m South America loss in 1Q
  • South Korea announces stimulus after lowering growth outlook
  • BOJ’s Kuroda vows to continue easing until 2% target achieved
  • German retail sales unexpectedly increase for a second month
  • Boeing defense sales gain 38% as rivals feel pinch of U.S. cuts
  • Norwegian Cruise, PBF Energy, Zoelis Join Russell 1000
  • Last trading day of 1Q; mkts closed for Good Friday holiday tmw
  • BOJ Meeting, U.S. Jobs, Final Four: Wk Ahead March 30-April 6


    • Blackberry (BB CN) 7am, $(0.30) - Preview
    • Mosaic (MOS) 7am, $0.88
    • Commercial Metals (CMC) 7am, $0.18
    • Finish Line (FINL) 7am, $0.74
    • Signet Jewelers (SIG) 7:30am, $2.09
    • UTi Worldwide (UTIW) 8am, $0.13
    • GameStop (GME) 8:30am, $2.09
    • B2Gold (BTO CN) 8:44am, $0.05
    • Accenture (ACN) 4:01pm, $0.97


  • Caroline Silver Mines Gold at Moelis Leading NYSE to Sprecher
  • Milk Rout Ending on Worst N.Z. Drought in 30 Years: Commodities
  • Yen’s Slump Revitalizes Commodities From Gold to Rubber in Tokyo
  • WTI Trades Near Five-Week High as U.S. Refiners Boost Operations
  • Gold Swings Between Gains and Losses Amid Record ETP Decline
  • Hunt Becomes Billionaire on Bakken Oil After Silver Bankruptcy
  • Wheat Climbs to Near 5-Week High as Cold Weather Threatens Crop
  • Rebar Falls in Shanghai on Concerns Over China’s Property Market
  • Oil May Rise to $100 on Fibonacci Support: Technical Analysis
  • LME Copper Stockpiles Rose 78% in First Quarter, Most Since 2005
  • Maersk Says China Effort to Boost Consumption Will Help Shipping
  • U.K. Developing Livestock Vaccine That May Ease Global Shortage
  • Sumitomo Metal Mining Looks to Laos, Cambodia for Gold Expansion
  • Copper Falls for Second Day on Europe Debt Concern: LME Preview






















The Hedgeye Macro Team










Takeaway: With so much data flow on housing sometimes it's tough to keep track of it all. We think this image tells the story well.

Keeping It To 1000 Words ...

We like the chart below a lot. It tells the current story of housing succinctly in a way that everyone can easily understand. The x-axis shows inventory of homes for sale in millions of units monthly back to 2001. The y-axis is the pending home sales index reading. The bubble size shows the next twelve months home price change based on those levels of supply and demand. Not surprisingly, high demand coupled with low inventory produces big blue bubbles (strong home price appreciation), while the opposite produces big white bubbles (strong home price depreciation).


The obvious takeaway is that we're currently in a very favorable dynamic for prices, as shown in the orange circle. The orange circle shows current inventory and volume, but for bubble size, we've used LTM (as opposed to NTM) price change, which was +9.7% through February 2013 according to Corelogic. Note that the orange bubble is smaller than most of the other bubbles in the same area, suggesting price appreciation may accelerate from here.


Another takeaway is the inverse relationship between supply and demand. Inventories are negatively correlated with demand, which might seem at odds with recent commentary in the market about how low inventories are holding back transaction volume growth. Consider the range of volume that has accompanied the current level of supply historically. It's produced a volume range on the pending home sales index of 96 to 131. Currently we're near the low end of the range at 105. In other words, we've seen sales activity levels as much as 25% higher than they are today based on the same level of inventory, so we don't buy the NAR argument that it's inventory holding back volume. That said, there are likely other factors such as more stringent underwriting, which we consider a good thing.


HOUSING - BUBBLE CHARTS - bubble chart


Joshua Steiner, CFA

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