Currency Countdown

Client Talking Points

Japanese Bonfire

Japan’s plan to devalue the Yen is hilarious in a macabre sort of way. They’re taking cues from the good old US of A and think that the solution to their problems is to devalue their currency and trashing their economy in exchange for a bullish rocketship for the Nikkei. We’ve seen how well printing money has worked for us and if Japan is keen on following the advice of Paul Krugman and Ben Bernanke, then they’re going to get exactly what they asked for. Keep a close eye on Japan; if you spot a huge ball of fire, it’s their currency burning brightly.

Not So Precious

Precious metals like gold and silver are getting smacked up, dropping -1.2% and -2.4% this morning, respectively. As we’ve said before, the commodity super-cycle is turning and commodities are popping. Throw a strong US dollar into the mix and you’ll continue to see these metals decline in price. Long-term, the dollar will continue to make higher lows. The fiscal cliff will play a part in all of this, so in turn, we’ll play the waiting game to see what effects come out of Congress.

Asset Allocation


Top Long Ideas

Company Ticker Sector Duration

Our competitors are neutral to bearish on the name ahead of earnings, but we think they’re missing the bigger picture. We think concerns over the shoe cycle rolling over are overdone. With R&D in the mid-teens, NKE has the ability to drive the ‘sneaker cycle’ in a case of “the tail wagging the dog”. We also think $NKE is a candidate for releasing a special dividend when they report EPS next week.


Uncertainty in US from a macro perspective (jobless claims uptick) gives us pause from TRADE perspective although coffee prices will serve as a tailwind going forward. Company is becoming more complex, taking on risk as it acquires new brands. Longer-term, we view Starbucks, along with YUM, as one of the most attractive global growth stories in our space.


Margins are in a cycle trough as the USPS is on the brink. FDX is taking more share in the U.S. and following the recent $TNT news flow we think $UPS is in a tough spot.

Three for the Road


“FED SAYS FED, BoC, BoE ECB & SNB EXTENDING $ SWAP LINES TILL FEB. 1, 2014 > just a buffer for a rainy day in case funding stress resurfaces” -@BergenCapital


“Ethics are so annoying. I avoid them on principle.” -Darby Conley


US Jobless Claims drop to 9-week low of 343,000.


TODAY’S S&P 500 SET-UP – December 13, 2012

As we look at today's setup for the S&P 500, the range is 13 points or 0.66% downside to 1419 and 0.25% upside to 1432.            















  • YIELD CURVE: 1.46 from 1.46
  • VIX closed at 15.95 1 day percent change of 2.44%
  • BOND YIELDS – huge relative move in Treasuries yesterday (primarily because volatility in Fixed Income has gone away), but the 10yr yield held below 1.71% TREND resistance backing off to 1.69% this morning; TAIL resistance on the 10yr = 1.89% and that’s as good a proxy for US growth expectations as any right now.

MACRO DATA POINTS (Bloomberg Estimates):

  • 8:30am: Advance Retail Sales, Nov. 0.50% (prior -0.30%)
  • 8:30am: Retail Sales Less Autos, Nov. 0.00% (prior 0.00%)
  • 8:30am: Producer Price Index (MoM), Nov. -0.50% (prior -0.20%)
  • 8:30am: PPI Ex Food & Energy (MoM), Nov. 0.10% (prior -0.20%)
  • 8:30am: Initial Jobless Claims 8-Dec 368K (prior 370K)
  • 8:30am: Continuing Claims 1-Dec 3210K (prior 3205K)
  • 8:45am: Bloomberg Dec. United States Economic Survey
  • 9:45am: Bloomberg Consumer Comfort 9-Dec (prior -33.8)
  • 10am: Business Inventories Oct. 0.40% (prior 0.70%)
  • 10am: Freddie Mac mortgage rates
  • 10:30am: EIA natural-gas storage change
  • 11am: Fed to purchase $4.25b-$5.25b notes
  • 11:30am: U.S. to sell $10b cash-management bills
  • 1pm: U.S. to sell $13b 30-yr bonds reopening


    • House, Senate in session
    • House Financial Services holds hearing to examine effects Volcker Rule will have on businesses seeking access to capital markets
    • House Agriculture panel holds hearing on Dodd-Frank derivatives rules, international markets, 9am
    • Senate Judiciary votes on Sen. Al Franken’s privacy bill that would require smartphones, apps to request user permission before collecting, sharing location data, 10am
    • Rep. Edward Markey, D-Mass.; Rep. Joe Barton, R-Texas hold a briefing on data brokerage industry, how companies collect, assemble, sell consumer information to third parties, 10:30am
    • House Transportation holds hearing on private-sector participation in high-speed rail projects, 10am
    • Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood delivers remarks at news conference on holiday drunken driving crackdown program, 10am


  • Retail sales in U.S. probably rose as auto demand rebounded
  • Americans back Obama tax-rate increase tied to entitlement cuts
  • Apple releases Google’s mapping application through iTunes
  • MetLife taking steps to deregister as bank holding co.
  • Euro zone set to back Greek payment post-Merkel endorsement
  • Aetna CEO sees doubling of some health insurance premiums
  • Citigroup named in lawsuit by Swisscanto
  • CFTC urged to delay implementation of Dodd-Frank 6 mos.
  • FCC requires wireless carriers to allow text-to-911 services
  • Foxconn to assemble Amazon’s smartphone: Commercial Times
  • Amazon selling Kindles on its own Chinese website
  • SNB maintains currency ceiling as crisis woes weigh on franc
  • Canada considering alternatives to F-35 fighter jet
  • Errors in credit reporting may get easier to resolve: CFPB


    • Pier 1 Imports (PIR) 6am, $0.25
    • Ciena (CIEN) 7am, $(0.06)
    • Empire (EMP/A CN) Pre-mkt, C$1.26
    • VeriFone Systems (PAY) 4:01pm, $0.76
    • Adobe Systems (ADBE) 4:03pm, $0.56
    • Nordson (NDSN) 4:30pm, $1.03


COPPER – not down as much as Silver (getting smoked, -2.6% this morning as the Bernanke Bubble continues to pop), but down the same as China was overnight. I see no irony in either. We’ll keep shorting anything that ticks that is related to the mega Mining Capex Bubble.

  • Palm Oil Tumbles to Three-Year Low as Stockpiles Climb to Record
  • Bonus Cuts as Jobs Decline for Oil-to-Metal Traders: Commodities
  • Oil Drops From One-Week High Amid Disagreement on U.S. Budget
  • Wheat Rebounds From Five-Month Low as Drop May Attract Buyers
  • Gold Drops as Rally to Highest This Month Spurs Investor Sales
  • Copper Drops on U.S. Growth Concerns as Stimulus Optimism Fades
  • Sugar Slides in London on Ample Brazilian Supply; Cocoa Declines
  • Natural Gas $4 Cap Seen in 2013 as Supply Swells: Energy Markets
  • U.K. Lifts Ban on Shale Fracking, Allowing Cuadrilla to Drill
  • Iron Ore Prices in China Show Imports to Slow: Chart of the Day
  • Top M&A Ranked Mitsui Targets Food With $17 Billion Cash: Energy
  • Sierra Leone Blood Spills as Iron Ore’s Boom Stirs Ghosts of War
  • Europe Exports to Asia Seen Surging in Deepening Crisis: Freight
  • Oil at $60 or $120 Doesn’t Prevent U.S. Supplanting Saudi Arabia










CHINA – one of the more solid 3-factor intermediate-term TREND leading indicators we use on Global Growth = CHINA/COPPER/BONDS; that composite tends to sniff out the truth as consensus hedge funds short low and cover high. China backed off its TREND resistance (2095 Shanghai Comp) this week, closing down -1% overnight, down -16.2% since global #GrowthSlowing began in March.








The Hedgeye Macro Team





The Macau Metro Monitor, December 13, 2012




Robinsons Land Corp., a Gokongwei-controlled developer, said it would take a minority stake in an Okada firm that owns a gaming franchise in the Philippine government's giant Entertainment City complex along Manila Bay.  Under the deal with Okada's Universal Entertainment Group, Robinsons Land said it would also purchase a majority stake in a company that owns land at Entertainment City.


The listed Filipino developer did not disclose the total value of the deal, which it said was still "subject to comprehensive due diligence and the signing of definitive agreements in the near future".  The final contract will be signed by January 31, according to Universal.



Secretary Tam expects inflation to be below 6% after Chinese New Year, which falls on February 10.  Speaking to local media yesterday on the sidelines of a public occasion, the secretary admitted that there will be some price fluctuations in the next two months due to “seasonal factors”, but the inflation rate would ease after that.


He also predicted stable growth in Macau’s economy in 2013, while internal demand will slow down compared to this year.  Tam said that the inflation rate this year will be approximately 6%, which is in-line with the government’s estimate.

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White Ants

“Socialism would make our society comparable to that of the white ant.”

-Winston Churchill


After the market close last night I was excited to crack open the biggest brick in my reading pile – The Last Lion: Defender of The Realm (1). This puppy is 1182 pages long; could take awhile – so prepare for plenty from the Old Man on 10 Downing St.


Comparing Britain’s rise and fall from global economic (and currency) power of the early 20th century is very appropriate when considering what the United States of America is doing under Bush/Obama in the 21st. Churchill has always resonated with me, not because I am like him, but because he wasn’t liked by the burgeoning British #PoliticalClass.


“Churchill had a natural sympathy for simple people because he himself took a simple view of what was required… That was no doubt why the man-in-the-street loved him and the intellectuals did not… For that reason, Churchill had “dislike and contempt”, of a kind that transcended politics.” (Preamble, page 6)


Back to the Global Macro Grind


Reading the preamble to Churchill after watching the gong show that became Ben Bernanke’s rock-star presser yesterday may very well have done the unthinkable to me last night – it made me think.


How conflicted, constrained, and compromised are we in America at this point to even consider some of the un-qualified spew that comes out of an un-elected and un-accountable professor who is literally making it up at this point on the fly?


Educating yourself to contextualize this moment in economic history is one thing – having common sense is entirely another. Bernanke admitted yesterday that his entire policy framework is based on forecasts that you should have no confidence in.


Finally, I think global markets actually took his word for it on that.


To review Bernanke’s 2012 experimentations (actually he called them “innovations” yesterday, and smirked):


1.   January 25th, 2012 – right when Global Growth was accelerating (I was as bullish as anyone in the world on the prospects for US and Global Consumption growth on JAN24), he arbitrarily decided to move his 0% interest rate Policy To Inflate out to 2014 from 2013. Stocks and Commodities ripped for the next month, then topped.


2.   September 13th, 2012 – after whispering sweet bailout promises to whoever got the memo (other than me) from Jackson Hole, Bernanke pushes his 0% interest rate Policy To Inflate out to 2015 and beyond. Stocks and Commodities continued to rip for another day, then topped.


3.   December 12th, 2012 – whoever was front-running the Fed’s latest “innovation” (knowing he’d move to “targeting” an unemployment rate that you may not see until 2017-2020) didn’t even stick around for the full press conference. Stocks and Commodities topped, intraday!


After perpetuating all-time highs in Housing, Education, Oil, Gold, and Food prices (2006-2012), he pushed out 0% rates 3x in 10 months, from 2013 to 2017 and beyond. Each time, the market rallied less (for less time) on less volume. Atta boy Ben!


And people wonder why the commodity/stock market casino of front-running whatever Bernanke makes up next doesn’t reflect the underlying fundamentals of A) the economy and/or B) corporate revenue/earnings growth? Wonder no more. His explanation of what he is doing and why yesterday was so scary that even Gold wouldn’t keep going up.


And boom! Gold and Silver fall another -1.2% to 2.4%, respectively, this morning. To me at least, it’s like watching White Ants marching over their own expectations cliff. If you’re really long this stuff (say, for example, you own 21% of the Gold ETF), what, precisely, is your next catalyst? 2050?


As Churchill said, “Never, ever, give up!” And I won’t in contextualizing the moment markets are in within the lessons of history learned. Gold has been up (year-over-year) for 12 consecutive years. One might assume that the market has sufficiently discounted:

  1. Japan cutting to zero (and now setting the Yen on fire)
  2. USA cutting to zero (and then re-defining zero)
  3. Europe readying itself to create the fiscal/debt union to accomplish Japanese/American Style Zero

Zero. Think about what zero means. If the risk-free rate is zero, going forward it’s going to be increasingly difficult to beat zero.


I think most people who run money get that. And if you’re being honest with yourself (all you have to do is look at the balances in your equity market accounts versus where they were in December 2007 to get the point), you’d be happy to get back to zero (break-even). Like the Nikkei post its real-estate/asset 1980s price bubble, the SP500 keeps making lower long-term highs.


As I’ve written multiple times since stocks bottomed at higher-lows in November, there will be a great economic opportunity born out of food and energy price deflation if we allow Bernanke’s Bubbles (Commodities) to pop.


Deflating The Inflation Expectations out there will definitely take time – but at this point you don’t even have to have faith. You don’t have to believe the Keynesian intellectuals who are failing all-over themselves anymore either.


Just be a simpleton, like me. Think mean reversion, gravity, and White Ants.


Our immediate-term Risk Ranges for Gold, Oil (Brent), Copper, US Dollar, EUR/USD, UST 10yr Yield, Shanghai Composite, and the SP500 are now $1, $105.43-109.65, $3.61-3.71, $1.29-1.31, 1.66-1.72%, 2035-2095, and 1, respectively.


Best of luck out there today,



Keith R. McCullough
Chief Executive Officer


White Ants - Chart of the Day


White Ants - Virtual Portfolio

Europe’s Shell Game

This note was originally published at 8am on November 29, 2012 for Hedgeye subscribers.

“You want a prediction about the weather? You’re asking the wrong Phil. I’ll give you a winter prediction: It’s gonna be cold, it’s gonna be grey, and it’s gonna last you for the rest of your life.”

-From the film Groundhog Day


I used the quote from Groundhog Day because as an analyst covering Europe the political and economic developments of the region continue to repeat and there appears no simple solution to solving its ails – headline risk is here to stay.


If Greece headlined the film by taking its first bailout in May of 2010, it was quickly joined by the peripheral actors of Portugal, Spain, Italy, and Ireland – and each and every time the scene repeated: a crisis deepened, Eurocrats (European politicians) responded by calling a summit, announced a solution, the solution did not have “teeth” or didn’t work, and risk expectations shifted as the movie played on.


Monday’s Greek aid deal is part of the same film. The main tenants of the “deal” include a payment of its next bailout tranches (€43.7B); approval to reduce its debt as a percentage of GDP to 124% by 2020 (versus estimates of 190% in 2013); both a reduction in interest rates on loans and extension in loan maturities and interest payments (by as much as 15 years!); a pass-along of €7B from profits on ECB Greek debt holdings to Greece; and a potential (undetermined) debt-buyback scheme.


Yet what’s most unsettling is that market participants recognize this deal for what it is: a shell game. After all there’s no prospect of this being the last bailout or concession thrown Greece’s way.


But can Eurocrats get away with playing the game? And where is the region politically and economically going now that it officially slipped into recession, with Eurozone GDP declining -0.1% in Q3 quarter-over-quarter following a -0.2% contraction in Q2?  Here are some assumptions we’re working under:  

  • Eurocrats will do everything in their power to maintain their own job security and therefore will continue to support the region monetarily
  • There’s nothing in the main constitutional treaties to allow a member state to exit the Eurozone or be expelled. Therefore we do not expect Greece et al to leave or be forced out over the next 1-3 years
  • When it comes to ‘hard’ decisions or impasses, Eurocrats will chose the path of least resistance (a strong argument for keeping the region together remains the fear of a breakup), which should prolong a return to growth
  • Fiscal consolidation (austerity) is needed across much of the periphery; governments have recently taken the flawed stance that they need to take their foot of the gas. Instead what’s needed is more manageable consolidation expectations and strategy to reform labor markets to improve growth prospects  
  •  A Eurozone governed only by monetary policy is not feasible for long-term sustainability
  • The path to a Fiscal Union is littered with challenges given the inability of states to relinquish their sovereignty to a European commission
  • Fellow member states represent the largest trading partners for most states, therefore no one state will see a major inflection in growth until the region collectively improves
  • France, the second largest economy in the Eurozone, and once a close political ally to Germany via Merkozy, has inflected alongside the election of the Socialist President Hollande. His 75% tax policy on the rich, among others, will be a headwind as the country’s sovereign debt tips past 90% of GDP and France loses its AAA status. All this bodes poorly for Eurozone bailout structures built around the credit rating of the larger economies and given that France is the second largest contributor behind Germany.


Draghi’s Unlimited

Despite the region’s challenges, one cannot forget ECB President Mario Draghi’s September announcement that “the ECB is ready to do whatever it takes to preserve the euro” via the Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT) program to buy sovereign bonds.


To date the facility has not been triggered, however sadly market operators are left to manage risk around the bubble of Big Government and Central Bank Intervention. It’s this market reality that solidifies our thinking that Eurocrats will do all that is necessary to maintain the Union; has kept the EUR/USD trading in a relatively tight band and eliminated the euro parity crowd; and caused sovereign bond yields to moderate in recent months and new issuance to be priced at lower yields versus previous auctions.


Europe’s Shell Game - 66. yields


This is all positive but hinges on Draghi suspending economic reality over the long term, and is a mismatch with Eurozone fundamental indicators that continue to move in the wrong direction: PMI Services and Manufacturing figures remain grounded below 50 representing contraction; economic, business, and consumer confidence figures have been down for 7-8 straight months; Retail Sales and Industrial Production remain challenged in the core and bombed out in much of the periphery; and inflation is sticky and above the ECB’s target.


Europe’s Shell Game - 66. sentiment



Tipping Points

On the downside we’d caution that there is measurable risk still imbedded in Spain (the sovereign) needing a bailout, which could accompany a need for assistance in Italy. Further, a rise in foot power, namely strikes and riots, especially given outsized unemployment rates across the periphery, and push back on austerity could turn both the political and economic tide in the Eurozone. 


Remember, just two weeks ago there was the first ever coordinated strike against austerity of 40 unions across 23 countries.  In addition, a recent Greek popular poll showed that the anti-bailout Syriza party leading,  and regional elections in Catalonia, Spain over the weekend voted in a majority of secessionist parties, all suggesting that there’s risk in reaching a tipping point should we see more concentrated popular push back on government policy and Eurozone membership.


While we don’t expect to see borders shifting in the Eurozone anytime soon, citizens have a way of viewing shell games for what they are: deception.


Our immediate-term Risk Ranges for Gold, Oil (Brent), Copper, US Dollar, EUR/USD, UST 10yr Yield, and the SP500 are now $1704-1731, $107.94-111.49, $3.45-3.58, $79.95-80.61, $1.28-1.30, 1.56-1.68%, and 1406-1419, respectively.



Matthew Hedrick

Senior Analyst


Europe’s Shell Game - 66. porto

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