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Interesting Bankruptcy Trend

Retailer filing rate continues to climb, which is no surprise, but Textile/Apparel companies have gone the other way. But that’s beginning to reverse, and is likely to accelerate…

Here’s an interesting trend… The number of retail bankruptcies has been accelerating steadily since 2005, and is on track to shoot past last year’s 23 major bankruptcies. As of Feb 22, we’re already at a rate in 2009 that is ahead of any year between ’02-’07.

At the same time, Textile and Apparel bankruptcies have slowed to just one year-to-date, and a total of 2 over the past three years. On one hand, you can argue that there are simply not that many left. The domestic textile mills have largely gone under or have gone offshore. But on the flip side, there’s no shortage of Apparel brands that have steadily drawn down cash and built up debt. This number is likely to climb meaningfully throughout the year.

We’ll update you with candidates as we gain conviction on the ‘who’ and the ‘when’.


Last week one of my competitors downgraded CAKE to a sell after the company reported earnings. The analyst cited a numbers of factors for the downgrade, but the focus was clearly on the balance sheet and fear that the company could not handle its debt. The report basically regurgitated the company’s press release regarding its newly amended credit agreement. If fact, the research report, while citing significant balance sheet concerns, only included an income statement and not a balance sheet or cash flow statement. This seems slightly irresponsible in the current environment, where accountability is king.

Concerns over CAKE’s ability to stay below its maximum Debt/TTM EBITDA debt covenant are overblown. To be clear, fiscal 2009 will be another challenging year for CAKE. Based on the company’s EPS guidance of $0.57-$0.67, the company could face a nearly 20% decline in EBITDA after falling 8% in 2008. Partially offsetting that decline, however, is the fact that the company ended 2008 with over $80 million in cash.

After a more detailed analysis of CAKE financials, you can’t come to the same conclusion as my competitor that CAKE is at risk of defaulting on its covenant. In fact, using the analyst’s estimates the company is not anywhere close to tripping a debt covenant. Even assuming the low end of the company’s guidance, CAKE does not come close to tripping a debt covenant. In fact, it would take a decline in current trends for the company to come in at the low end of its guidance and a significant deceleration for the company to default. I have waited some time since the initial report to see if there would be any follow up with the supporting documentation. Needless to say, the downgrade on CAKE includes only one paragraph, no balance sheet and no supporting documents two weeks later. The conclusion – buy the controversy. But there is no controversy.

CAKE amended its revolving credit facility earlier this year, resetting its leverage ratio (defined as funded debt to trailing 12-month earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and non-cash stock option compensation expense, or “EBITDA”) from a maximum of 2.25 to a maximum of 1.75 through 1Q09 and a maximum of 1.50 thereafter. It is this covenant step down in 2Q09 that has some investors worried. Based on our calculations, if CAKE’s 2009 numbers were to come in at the low end of the company’s guidance, which I think assumes that things get worse from here, the company still has the potential to generate over $65 million in net cash flow from operations or cash from operations after the planned $45-$50 million in capital expenditures. This free cash flow combined with the $80 million of cash on hand gives CAKE the flexibility to pay down enough cash in the first half of the year to stay in accordance with its covenant. Specifically, if the company pays down only $50 million in debt in 1H09, which is conservative, CAKE’s EBITDA would still have to decline by another $3.5 million in 2Q09 off of what are already extremely conservative estimates for the quarter with EBITDA down 18% year-over-year. Assuming the company only needs to maintain a cash balance of about $25 million rather than the current $80 million on hand, this $3.5 million EBITDA cushion in 2Q09 on a gross debt basis grows to nearly $33 million on a net debt basis because CAKE currently has such a substantial cash balance.

Company Question of The Day: How Does HPQ Pop 50%?

Below I have included our head of Technology’s (Rebecca Runkle) note on Hewlett Packard (HPQ). We went through this on our 830AM morning client call. If you’d like access to this call, please email Jen White Kane at

Rebecca continues to be bearish on HPQ – their blowup last week reinforced most of what she has been saying for the past 6 weeks.

If you are looking for levels to trade HPQ, it will finally be oversold at the $29.37 line – I would cover shorts there, and re-short all strength associated with these Barron’s type calls up to what has turned into to a formidable intermediate term Trend line up at $34.94/share. This stock remains over-owned based on expectations that we see as unreasonably optimistic.

Keith R. McCullough
CEO & Chief Investment Officer
Question of the Day: “How Does HPQ Pop 50%?”

In December, Mark Veverka of Barron’s wrote a cover article on Hewlett Packard entitled “Picture of Health”. In it, he opines on Mark Hurd’s leadership skills, HPQ’s defensive positioning and ability to gain share as well as HPQ’s track record for not lowering earnings (in stark contrast to other tech titans). The stock was at $35.

This weekend, we were treated to “How HP Could Pop 50%”. Now that’s an attention getter if I ever saw one. Despite a miss and downward revisions, Veverka continues to like HPQ “over time” and he remains enamored with “Hurd’s operations acumen and proven ability to deliver strong profit margins in the face of adversity”. He claims his HP thesis remains intact and that it was never about revenues in the first place.

Going into the quarter, my HPQ thesis was largely driven by a belief that while HPQ is an impressive cost-cutting story, revenues do matter and revenue expectations (along with earnings and cash flow forecasts) remained too high. There was a level of investor complacency related to HPQ that I just didn’t and still don’t get. Indeed, HPQ missed revenue targets and built inventory on its books and in the channel. This quarter – revenue headwinds remain and now margins will likely suffer as working capital is “fixed”. While there is no doubt that Mark Hurd is one of the most talented executives in technology and that HPPMA (Hewlett-Packard Post Mark’s Arrival) is a much stronger franchise than before – it is not immune to secular and cyclical challenges.

Longer term, I worry about the printing franchise. During HPQ’s investor call, CFO Cathie Lesjak detailed HPQ’s printing results and both Hurd and Lesjak pointed to a correlation between GDP, unemployment and printing demand. When people aren’t working; they print less. Fair, but that’s not the entire picture.
There are secular forces at work too and anyone who thinks printing will return lockstep with the economy is looking at past correlation models and not the New Printing Reality. What is this New Reality? Just take a step back and think about what’s changed and what’s changing. Younger people, who grew up on computers and never really learned to print, are entering the workforce. Our computer screens are higher resolution and larger than they were – even 2 years ago. Behaviorally, we are adapting and don’t feel the need to print as much as before. Wireless technology has penetrated the print environment and while it feels great to get rid of cables – I have yet to rid myself of that laziness factor. If my printer is in the other room and I am comfy on my couch – I think twice about hitting Alt-F, P. This is especially true as I increasingly worry about the environment and “being green”. Technologies are changing beyond the consumer as well – be it Amazon’s Kindle or electronic bus-stop posters – books and advertising are quickly moving to digital form.

Ironically, HPQ is increasing supplies prices in this environment. Perhaps the end-user really is stupid and/or inelastic. But in this economy, with viable third-party alternatives, HPQ runs the risk of pushing those who are still printing into the arms of others (be it competitors or third-party supplies manufacturers). Regardless, I am less inclined to give HPQ the benefit of the doubt then others. When the economy recovers, I doubt print will recover in similar fashion. If I am right, 50% from here (and a return to early 08 multiples) isn’t a slam dunk anytime soon.

PS - FWIW, Hurd sits on News Corp’s board and Barron’s is owned by News Corp.

Rebecca Runkle
Managing Director
Research Edge LLC

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Black Gold: A Call Out on the Gold Oil Ratio

Over the last week, we've been scaling into a long oil and short gold position. Our quantitative models were flashing to us that gold was overbought and oil was oversold. Additionally, we are seeing many consensus indicators that support taking the opposite side of the gold trade, including Fast Money and a full-page advertisement in The Economist promoting gold as a safe haven that should be bought. The overbought nature of gold, and oversold nature of oil, is best characterized in the gold / oil ratio. This ratio measures in US dollar how many barrels of oil can be purchased with one ounce of gold.

As the charts below highlight, this ratio is at or near its all time highs. Historically, a ratio near 25 indicates an entry point to sell gold and buy oil and, conversely, a ratio of below 10 equals an opportunity to sell oil and buy gold. As of the close on Friday (2/20/2009), this ratio was at 25.0 based on light sweet crude trading at $40.03 per barrel and gold trading at 1,002.2 per ounce.

Gold and oil quite often rise in tandem due to inflationary concerns and geo-political risks. The price of oil today, and in fact its trajectory over the last six months, suggests that there is a little on the horizon in terms of major geopolitical risks. To some extent, this is a self fulfilling prophecy since when the price of oil decreases, so obviously does the power of Russia, prominent Middle Eastern nations, and Venezuela. In addition, while gold seems to be flashing inflationary concerns, few other commodities are following suit, which means either gold is early, or wrong, in this signal.

To be fair, the gold oil ratio is only one relative value factor and both oil and gold are also driven by a completely independent set of fundamental factors. That said, we reference George Santanyana's guidance: "Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat its lessons." History is quite specifically telling us that the short oil, long gold trade is likely in its final innings.

Daryl G. Jones
Managing Director

Macro Catalysts: Tuesday-Thursday

Hindsight is always crystal clear. Much like last Thursday, today’s gap up open was again one that should have been sold. I sold my long position in China (CAF), and shorted Korea (EWY) into that strength. Now I am long America (SPY) and net short Asia (IFN, EWY).

Now that the Treasury, Fed and FDIC have made their official “US Banking System” statement, all the market has left to trade on is noise. And from the Slum Dog Short Sellers to the manic media, there is plenty of it.

My proactive risk management plan is moving squarely to the Tuesday-Thursday Macro calendar catalysts where whatever leadership we have left in this country’s Financial System will have an open mike to be You Tubed by both the American public and global markets at large:

1. Obama gets his shot herding cats again in speaking to Congress
2. Bernanke will attempt to calm the Senate re today’s “Banking System Statement”
3. Case/Shiller House Prices will be horrendous (lagging economic indicator)

1. Bernanke gets his shot with the House, explaining today’s “Banking System Statement” again
2. Existing Home Sales for January are released (December’s number was better than expected)
3. Earnings season for US Retailers will continue to be as bad as expected

1. Obama’s 1st Budget is release, and he’ll have another chance to herd cats/calm the country
2. New Home Sales (January) are released
3. Jaime Dimon will attempt to find credibility at JPM’s Investor Day

Importantly, the US Government’s CAP (Capital Assistance Program) will be initiated on Wednesday – so there is plenty for Bernanke to be specific about. This market wants specifics. In addition to this CAP plan, I expect Bernanke to start walking the media’s manic horses to water on what TALF (term auction lending facility) means, how much of that capital that the government has started to put to work, etc…

In between now and Thursday, America’s largest banks will continue to go through Geithner’s proposed “Stress Tests” and, all the while, the groupthink associated with a freaked out US market crowd will find their price marking another capitulation bottom. Provided that the VIX stays tucked under the bearish intermediate Trend line of 52.59, my stress levels will hopefully remain relatively low.

Keith R. McCullough
CEO & Chief Investment Officer

EYE ON THE UK: A New Banking Rescue Act

Over the weekend the UK issued the Banking Act of 2009, which allows the Bank of England, Financial Services Authority (FSA) and the Treasury to step up more quickly to rescue troubled institutions, including provisions to temporarily nationalize or sell-off stricken banks. For investors with monies tied up in injured banks, the Act calls for funds to be rapidly transferred to other banks and depositors may now access their money in a matter of days rather than weeks under previous conditions.

The Act is largely a response to the lethargic response of regulators to the collapse of Northern Rock in 2007, in which depositors made a run on the bank after it emerged that Northern Rock sought government help.

Over the weekend PM Brown met with European leaders from the Group of 20 states in Berlin to discuss the global crisis. He said that "banks must act in the long-term interests of their shareholders and therefore of the economy as a whole, not in the short-term interests of bankers." Brown rejected the Banking industry's bonus culture and signaled that Britain must return to traditional savings and mortgage banks. He voiced that loans must be made on "prudent and careful terms," while equally stressing that domestic growth would come from granting loans to first-time buyers, entrepreneurs, and individuals of middle and modest incomes.

RBS and Lloyds, both part-owned by the taxpayers, have asked the government to insure almost 500 Billion Pounds ($720 Billion) of assets as part of the Treasury's plan to spur lending, noted the Sunday Telegraph. Today RBS said it plans to cut cost by more than 1 Billion Pounds by splitting the bank into two units, including a "core" business and second division holding toxic assets. Additionally, Chancellor of the Exchequer Alistair Darling ordered Northern Rock to expand lending by 14 Billion Pounds.

These measures are the first in a series to be announced this week to revive the U.K. banking industry. RBS reports on Thursday and, alongside JPM’s Investor Day, will be our primary focus in terms of timing a catalyst on marked to market, banking regulation, transparency, etc…

Matthew Hedrick

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