• run with the bulls

    get your first month

    of hedgeye free


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing

Conclusion: As China draws closer to the end of a multi-year, structural deceleration in growth rates, credit conditions, which are a lagging indicator, are sending both bullish and bearish signals. Elsewhere within the region, growth continues to slow at a slower rate and inflation continues to trend down generally.


Positions in Asia: Long Chinese equities (CAF); Long Hong Kong equities (EWH); Short Indian equities (INP).



All % moves week-over-week unless otherwise specified.

  • EQUITIES Median: +1.8%; High: Vietnam +5.2%; Low: New Zealand -0.8%; Callout: Philippines and Indonesia up +13.4% and +10.4%, respectively over the LTM vs. regional median of -14.3%
  • FX (vs. USD) Median: +0.2%; High: Indian rupee +2.3%; Low: Thai baht -0.4%; Callout: Indian rupee +3.1% YTD vs. regional median of +0.3%
  • S/T SOVEREIGN DEBT (2yr yields) High: Philippines +7.9%/+21bps; Low: Hong Kong -18.4%/-8bps; Callout: Australia -25.5%/-114bps over the last six months
  • L/T SOVEREIGN DEBT (10yr yields) High: Singapore +3.2%/+5bps; Low: Japan -3.5%/-3bps
  • SOVEREIGN YIELD CURVE High: Hong Kong/Singapore +5bps; Low: Philippines -32bps
  • 5YR CDS Median: +0.3% High: Australia +4.2%/+3bps; Low: Japan -4.7%/-7bps; Callout: Japan +24.9%/+29bps over the last three months vs. regional median of -3.3%
  • 1YR O/S INTEREST RATE SWAPS Median: +0.7%; High: Indonesia +4.5%/+25bps; Low: Singapore -23.6%/-13bps; Callout: China -12.5%/-44bps over the last three months vs. regional median of -0.8%
  • O/N INTERBANK RATES Median: flat; High: China +16%/+64bps; Low: Hong Kong -33.6%/-5bps; Callout: China +57.1%/+169bps over the past month vs. a regional median of +0.0%
  • CORRELATION RISK Asian currencies continue to trade on inflation expectations, with the JPM Asia Dollar Index correlating +72% with the CRB Index on an immediate-term TRADE duration and +93% on a six-month basis. We are dovish on the slope of inflation throughout the region over the intermediate-term TREND and, thus, remain generally negative on Asian currencies vs. the USD as a result.

Full performance tables can be found at the conclusion of this note.



Chinese FX reserves are indicating a slight degree of capital outflow as dovish policy speculation is clouding the outlook for yuan appreciation.


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 1


Chinese inflation data still does not auger well for dovish policy at the current juncture, however:


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 2


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 3



Growth Slowing’s Bottom:

  • China: DEC economic data came in better than bad: New Loans accelerated to CNY640.5B MoM vs. CNY562.2B prior; M2 Money Supply growth accelerated to +13.6% YoY vs. +12.7% prior; Export growth slowed marginally to +13.4% YoY vs. +13.8% prior; Trade Balance growth accelerated to +$3.4B YoY vs. -$8.4B prior.
  • China: While the high-frequency growth data appears to be basing, economic concerns continue to weigh on Chinese credit markets. The corporate A/AAA spread widened to a record high of 517bps earlier this week, per Chinabond.
  • Japan: The DEC Economy Watchers Survey was better than bad. The “Outlook” Index ticked down slightly to 44.4 from 44.7 prior. The “Current” Index actually accelerated to 47 from 45 prior.
  • Taiwan: Export growth slowed in DEC to +0.6% YoY vs. +1.3% prior.
  • Indonesia: The Danareska Consumer Confidence Index ticked up in DEC to 91.6 vs. 91.4.

Deflating the Inflation II:

  • China: CPI and PPI slowed in DEC to +4.1% YoY (vs. +4.2% prior) and +1.7% (vs. +2.7% prior), respectively. The former series is at a 15-month low, but still 10bps above target.
  • South Korea: PPI slowed in DEC to +4.3% YoY vs. +5.1% prior. Import Prices also slowed in DEC to +7.1% YoY vs. +11.8% prior.

King Dollar:

  • China: The combination of an outlook for dovish policy, slower international trade, and USD appreciation (vs. EUR, GBP, etc.) has China’s FX reserves continuing to decline, falling -$20B to $3.18T in DEC. The implications of this slight degree of capital outflow – which Premier Jiabao is working to prevent – is that China requires less Treasury purchases to limit yuan appreciation.
  • India: Indian corporations have a record $11.4B in dollar-denominated debt due in 2012. The large sum has weighed on the INR/USD exchange rate (-13.6% over the last six months) and dollar-denominated debt yields, which are a mere -6bps off the highs established during the thralls of OCT (vs. -97bps for Chinese corporations).
  • India: The sovereign has $64.3B in rupee-dominated notes due in 2012 (vs. only $15.3B in 2013) – a sum that will likely necessitate another year of heavy issuance and may force the central bank (RBI) to continue with its QE program beyond current expectations in order to sustain liquidity in the banking system; that outcome is incrementally bearish for the rupee. On the flip side, rate cut speculation is spurring record international inflows into India’s fixed income markets (+$3.9B in DEC). Even domestic investors are spurning gold in favor of fixed income mutual funds; assets managed by fixed income funds increased +17% MoM in DEC vs. -4.3% for gold funds. Our models don’t point to much room for the RBI to ease meaningfully in the near term, but if the RBI satisfied market expectations, we would eventually expect to see incremental downside for the rupee.
  • Indonesia: Bank Indonesia held its benchmark interest rate at 6%, citing weakness in the rupiah as a threat to their inflation outlook (IDR/USD -3.5% over the last three months). One-year interest rate swaps widened +25bps wk/wk and are now only pricing in a -25bps cut over the NTM.
  • Philippines: Central bank governor Amando Tatangco said that he anticipates easing monetary poicy this quarter – particularly if conditions in Europe deteriorate: “Given benign inflation conditions and a favorable inflation outlook, we have room to support domestic activity should the global economy deteriorate significantly.” Two-year sovereign debt yields actually jumped +21bps wk/wk, suggesting to us that the market had been pricing in some degree of easing irrespective of Europe.


  • South Korea: The Bank of Korea held its benchmark interest rate flat at 3.25%, actually threatening to hike if “price gains become chronic”. Both our models (accelerating growth and inflation in 1H12) and Korea’s interest rate swaps (1yr tenor 20bps > than benchmark rate) market view this as a very credible threat.


  • China: The China Securities Regulatory Commission stated that it will encourage long-term investors (namely insurers and pension funds) to invest in the nation’s equities. Per Chairman Gou Shuqing, “China should make investments using the 2 trillion yuan in provincial pension funds assets and 2.1 trillion in household pension fund assets.” The free-float market cap of the Shanghai Composite Index is on 4.4 trillion yuan, so any success in convincing these entities to participate in equity investing (they currently do not to any meaningful degree) could be rather bullish for Chinese stocks.
  • China: The China Banking Regulatory Commission has banned banks from transferring commercial bill assets to trusts – a common practice used to circumvent capital requirements and extend more credit. The move had a profound effect on interbank liquidity in China, with overnight Shibor increasing +116bps day/day! This move will weigh on Chinese credit growth on the margin.
  • China/Japan: Chinese officials sent Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner to Japan empty handed, as he failed to convince the Chinese to cut back on Iranian crude oil imports. Japan did, however, agree to take steps to reduce Iranian imports. Iran is a key supplier of crude to both countries.
  • Japan: Bank of Japan Governor had some fairly hawkish commentary earlier in the week: “There are limits to what monetary policy can achieve and governments must implement necessary reforms to aid the global economy. Providing liquidity as a lender of last resort is, in essence, a policy to buy time. It is essential that the necessary structural reforms take place while time is being bought, as the time that we can buy becomes progressively more expensive.” While being careful not to read too much into these words (i.e. no rate hike anytime soon), they do suggest to us that the central bank of Japan, which has been the poster child for failed Keynesian policy, is nearing the end of the rope in this regard. Shirakawa’s explicit call for Japanese fiscal policymakers to back away from their own brand of Keynesianism is a noteworthy change on the margin.
  • India: The ability of Indian companies to return capital to shareholders will be severely challenged in 2012, as they face a record $5.3B in convertible bonds due this year. Average corporate dollar-denominated debt yields are just -6bps off the high of 6.99% reached in OCT, suggesting it will be costly to refinance. The SENSEX’s -15.8% LTM drop heightens equity dilution risk as well, should corporations ultimately turn to conversion.
  • Taiwan: Tomorrow, Taiwan will host its presidential election. The market is pricing in a victory for progressive, pro-Chinese relations incumbent Ma Ying-jeou of the Koumintang Party, as the EWT put/call ratio has risen to 3.4x – just off four-year highs last reached two months prior to his first term. He is challenged by the Democratic Progressive Party’s Tsai Ing-wen and the Koumintang Party’s James Soong. Ing-wen is opposed to closer ties with the mainland and Chinese officials have stated publically that relations would suffer if Tsai wins.

Darius Dale

Senior Analyst


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 4


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 5


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 6


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 7


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 8


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 9


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 10


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: China’s Bottom Is Showing - 11






Corn traded sharply lower yesterday after the USDA released its projection for higher-than-expected inventories in 2012.  Goldman is out this morning reducing its three-month corn forecast to $6.30 a bushel from $6.85. Goldman also reduced its forecasts for soybeans and wheat.  Corn prices coming down will help future COGs margin for restaurant and food processor stocks but, in the case of restaurants, the benefit will take some time to flow through to the P&Ls as inventories and contracts are worked through.











CMG: Chipotle was upgraded to Outperform from Market Perform at William Blair. 


SBUX: Starbucks named in patent infringement suit over mobile payment app.




DNKN: Dunkin’ traded up yesterday along with most of the coffee sector (PEET and GMCR traded lower).  The official DNKN IPO lockup ends in 6 trading days.


COSI: Cosi shareholder Royce & Associates filed a 13G.  Their position is unchanged.  It should be noted that the new CEO was granted 1,000,000 shares.  No other details appear to be available on her employment contract.


CBOU: Caribou gave a very strong presentation at the ICR conference.  Along with CMG, CBOU is the only company that had the unit economics to justify growth.


DPZ: Domino’s has been trading strongly for some time but slowed yesterday.  Some concerns have arisen related to FX headwinds.  Barclay’s raised its Price Target from $26 to $28 following the Investor Day. 







RUTH: Ruth’s Chris gave a preannouncement of sorts yesterday at the ICR Conference, saying that the fourth quarter was an exciting time.


BBRG: Bravo Brio also gave a fairly robust presentation at ICR. 


BJRI: BJ’s did not say anything new at ICR and continues to be the darling of the small cap growth crowd


PFCB:  PFCB has been trading well lately but our view is that investors will need to see solid results before buying in en masse again. The company is aware of the issues facing its brand but whether or not the company has the right strategy to remedy the problems is up for debate.




Howard Penney

Managing Director


Rory Green






Hedgeye Statistics

The total percentage of successful long and short trading signals since the inception of Real-Time Alerts in August of 2008.

  • LONG SIGNALS 80.46%
  • SHORT SIGNALS 78.35%


The Macau Metro Monitor, January 13, 2012




The Circle Line, the island nation's 4th mass rapid transit line, will open a 2.4-kilometer extension this Saturday.  What the extension will do, with the opening of Bayfront station (which sits between the Circle Line’s Promenade and Marina South), is plug Singapore’s famed Marina Bay Sands directly into the public transport network – a bit of a roll of the dice on planners’ parts, given that Singapore doesn’t really want to encourage more locals to go gambling there.


John Postle, executive director of The Shoppes, MBS's lavish shopping mall, says the new station “allows our visitors to access Marina Bay Sands with ease from all parts of the island.”



MGM Macau will increase the salaries of all non-management team members by 5% and give them a Chinese New Year bonus payout.  However, MGM does not say when these will take place or how much the bonus payout will be.



WYNN said Kazuo Okada's lawsuit is "preposterous and without merit" and the company will defend all claims vigorously. Kazuo Okada had filed a motion to seek access to the company’s financial records


WYNN says this action is an attempt by Okada to deflect attention from a dispute between him and the company related to Okada’s wanting to pursue a project in the Philippines “despite repeated admonishments from the board.” This would directly compete with WYNN.  WYNN also said, “Mr. Okada received the same information as all directors with respect to charitable contributions made by the company.”



Visitors in package tours soared by 70.3% YoY to 767,208 in November 2011.  Visitors from Mainland China (574,212); Taiwan (45,522); Hong Kong (35,659) and the Republic of Korea (27,453) surged by 79.0%, 131.9%, 64.5% and 103.3% respectively. 


At the end of November 2011, number of available guest rooms of hotels and guest-houses totaled 22,335, up by 2,276 rooms (+11.3%) YoY, with that of 5-star hotels accounting for 63.5% of the total.  The average length of stay of guests held stable at 1.5 nights, same as in November 2010.




  • Price was based on comps, growth rates, management expertise, etc.  They will include Double Down in their interactive division which is incorporated in their gaming operation revenue.  Unclear how accretive the acquisition will be at this time.
  • Rumor floating around of a $140k a day in revenue attributed to Double Down
  • Allows them to reach a younger demographic with their core products.  Also allows them to add a social media layer to their casino games.
  • Zynga is the most recent comparable transaction 
  • How do you use the metric of DoubleDown's active users?  Are those actual paying users?
    • They need to look at their revenues net of what they pay to Facebook
    • Double Down generates revenues to FB and FB then remits 70% of the revenue to DoubleDown
  • Why not build the business organically?
    • Issue of time to market of at least 2 years and they believe that time to market is important for first mover advantage.  Land grab for liquidity = product performance over time
    • Worried about the distraction from their core business if they were to build from scratch - hard to do within the core business
    • From a cost standpoint, it would cost them roughly the same
  • How do their clients feel about this acquisition - i.e. IGT competing with them?
    • Thinks that this is positive for their existing customers since it's another service that they can offer 
  • Double Down has every intent to move into mobile applications.  The lion's share of their expenses is R&D.
  • They may break out interactive going forward
  • They would think about the price paid on an EBITDA multiple basis
  • Interactive is currently less than 5% of their revenues... if they fold in Double Down into their revenues they will be north of 5% but they don't need to disclose until revenues reach 10%. 
    • Sounds like it won't be 10% but they are still debating whether to break it out
  • Think that liquidity is the number one barrier to entry.  They can also quickly provide a pipeline of products into this distribution channel since they already have the games. Since it's a B to B model they rely on Facebook for customer acquisitions.
  • Wouldn't necessarily think of this acquisition as the hub of their interactive division but rather a spoke in the wheel... like Entraction. This one allows them to access the social media channel. 
  • Retention bonuses are widely distributed - paid out over 2 years based on a number of factors. 
  • There is nothing that prevents DoubleDown from expanding outside of Facebook
  • IGT's unbranded (unlicensed) products can move online in short order, but they are reviewing their license agreements to see if they can go online as well or if they require additional payments.
  • There is also a 3rd year performance based earn out. 
  • Entraction is their real money wagering product. 
  • Unclear if online gaming becomes legal and whether that will cannibilize their virtual business.
  • Monetization rate for DoubleDown is a little better than Zynga's since their gaming experience is more volatile. 
  • Expect their next 12 months of growth to be similar to what they have experienced so far



  • IGT reached an agreement to acquire DoubleDown Casino for "$250MM in cash, $85MM in retention payments over the next 2 years and up to $165MM million in cash payable over the next 3 years subject to Double Down meeting certain financial performance targets.  IGT expects to fund the transaction from cash on hand."
  • "The addition of Double Down provides IGT instant size and scale in the fast growing world of casino-style social gaming and is expected to broaden IGT's popular gaming titles beyond the physical casino to Facebook, the world's largest social network with over 800 million global users." 
  • "The transaction is estimated to be accretive to IGT's fiscal 2012 adjusted earnings and is projected to close within the second quarter of its current fiscal year.  Greg Enell will continue to lead Double Down and the company's operations will remain inSeattle, WA after the acquisition is complete.  Through the integration, IGT will operate Double Down with the appropriate level of independence needed to continue to foster exceptional growth."
  • Double Down Interactive LLC:
    • "Launched in April 2010, the DoubleDown Casino is the world's largest virtual casino and one of the top 4 social media games in 2011 as rated by Facebook.  "
      • "Currently has 4.7 million monthly active users, up from 3.3 million in October 2011." 
      • "Offers blackjack, slots, slot tournaments, video poker, and roulette to social gamers all around the world."

get free cartoon of the day!

Start receiving Hedgeye's Cartoon of the Day, an exclusive and humourous take on the market and the economy, delivered every morning to your inbox

By joining our email marketing list you agree to receive marketing emails from Hedgeye. You may unsubscribe at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link in one of the emails.