China to the Rescue?

Conclusion: Recent rhetoric suggests China continues to stand ready and willing to step up its aid to ailing European nations. Only this time, it expects a great deal more in return.


Rhetoric around the next great bailout out of China has been swirling about the wires over the past 24-48 hours. We think it’s important to highlight China’s official stance by filtering through what’s been said thus far. Perhaps the largest takeaway is that Beijing wants favors in return and any further large-scale assistance is likely to come alongside some nice perks for the Chinese economy.


Regarding the need to extend additional help:

“What is most important now is to prevent the further spread of the sovereign debt crisis in Europe.” – Premier Wen Jiabao


“Chinese policymakers are thinking in a global context and about the need to prevent a domino effect in the European debt crisis.” – Zhang Yansheng, a researcher affiliated with China’s National Development and Reform Commission


Regarding what incremental actions China plans to pursue, if any:

“China is willing to buy [additional] bonds from nations involved in the sovereign debt crisis.” – NDRC Vice Chairman Zhang Xiaoqiang


“China can best contribute to the global economic recovery by ensuring steady growth at home.” – Premier Wen Jiabao


What China wants to see in return for such aid:

“Developed countries must take responsible fiscal and monetary policies.” – Premier Wen Jiabao


“If the U.S. introduces a third round of quantitative easing, this will further increase the global inflation pressure.” – NDRC Vice Chairman Zhang Xiaoqiang


“The nation wants countries including the U.S. [and E.U.] to become more open to investment by Chinese companies, which will create local jobs.” – NDRC Vice Chairman Zhang Xiaoqiang


“China is also actively allocating foreign reserves via commercial banks to support domestic companies going abroad. China will also use foreign reserves to secure important commodities or find resource assets overseas.” – NDRC Vice Chairman Zhang Xiaoqiang


“[The U.S. and E.U.] should recognize China’s full market economy status before the 2016 deadline set by the World Trade Organization. To show one’s sincerity on this issue a few years ahead of that time is the way a friend treats another friend.” – Premier Wen Jiabao


Lastly, what China has done thus far:

“We have on many occasions expressed our readiness to extend a helping hand, and our readiness to increase our investment in Europe.” – Premier Wen Jiabao: 

  • In October ’10, Premier Wen Jiabao pledged to purchase Greek sovereign debt and Beijing also authorized $267.8 million in Chinese bank loans to three Greek shippers;
  • In a November ’10 visit to Portugal, President Hu Jintao stated that China was available to support the country;
  • In April ‘11, China pledged to support Spanish sovereign debt after Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Zapatero visited Beijing; and
  • In June ‘11, Premier Wen Jiabao pledged step up China’s support of European sovereign debt by funding a “limited volume” of new issues, immediately putting $1 billion on the tape for Hungarian bonds. 

Net-net, recent rhetoric out of China suggests Chinese officials believe firmly that they are negotiating from a position of strength, and, thus, are expecting to dictate policy perhaps a bit more than they have in the past – i.e. “no QE3”. Like the shrewd investor the country has proven itself to be over the years, China appears to favorably view European (and some U.S.) corporate assets with an eye for “blood in the streets”. To the extent foreign policymakers are ready to allow China greater access to more sensitive assets, will go a long way in determining how much more participation we are to expect from China on the bailout front.


Darius Dale


Hedgeye Statistics

The total percentage of successful long and short trading signals since the inception of Real-Time Alerts in August of 2008.

  • LONG SIGNALS 80.47%
  • SHORT SIGNALS 78.70%


A weekly look at commodity trends pertaining to our space.  Over the last week, dollar strength and concerns surrounding economic growth have helped drive overall commodity prices lower.




Proteins moved higher, week-over-week, despite strength in the dollar and a fall off in grain prices.  Coffee was the most notable mover of the week, declining -5.8%, but remain high on an absolute basis, as the chart below shows.







The CRB Foodstuffs Index is currently 9.25% above the July 2008 peak while WTI crude oil is trading 37% below its 2008 peak (Brent is down 23% from its 2008 peak).  Retail gasoline prices in the U.S., on the other hand, are down 11.5% versus the ’08 peak, despite the decline this summer.







Coffee prices declining over the last week may be rooted in speculation that demand from roasters is weakening because of higher prices and increased supply.  Despite the recent drop, coffee prices remain up 42% and 16% on a year-over-year and year-to-date basis, respectively.  Emerging market demand for coffee also remains strong.  Bloomberg reported today that emerging market and producing countries will account for more than 50% of all the coffee consumed in the world by 2020, according to P&A Marketing International. 





Below is a selection of comments from management teams pertaining to coffee prices from recent earnings calls.



PEET (8/2/11): “As we indicated, in our first quarter call, we had to buy a small amount of our calendar 2011 coffee beans at significantly higher prices and this coffee will roll into our P&L during the third and fourth quarter.”


“Higher priced coffee resulted in gross margins this quarter being 290 basis points below prior year. In our first quarter conference call, we indicated that in addition to the overall higher price coffee market, we had to buy a small amount of coffee this year at significantly higher prices. And as a result, we expected our coffee cost to be 40% higher in fiscal 2011.”


HEDGEYE:  Peet’s is a company with a very competent management team that manages coffee costs extremely well.  Its higher-end, loyal customer base makes the price elasticity of demand more inelastic than for other coffee concepts’ products.



SBUX (7/28/11):  “As I mentioned earlier, are absolutely a headwind for us in the full business and that's most acutely impactful on margins in CPG as it's a much more coffee intensive cost structure, as you know. I can tell you that the decline as I spoke about it earlier from about 30% operating margin in CPG this year down to the target 25% next year is really all explained by commodities. Absent commodity inflation we'd be at or improving our margin in the coming year.”


“As we had anticipated, in recent weeks, coffee prices have retreated significantly from a high of more than $3 per pound just a couple of months ago to levels now near $2.40 per pound. As prices have been falling we continue locking up our needs for fiscal '12 and now have virtually the full year price protected.”


HEDGEYE: Starbucks is aligning itself with the right partners to gain more control of its coffee costs to provide investors with more certainty going forward and to protect its margins as global coffee demand continues to rise.



GMCR (7/27/2011): “However, what we've said is that should coffee prices or other material costs spike, we will certainly consider price increases as necessary. We certainly hope that we do not have to cover one again next year. But our objective long-term is attempting to maintain our gross margin as we would see input costs come along.”


HEDGEYE:  GMCR hedges out 6-9 months in advance.  Strength in the dollar has helped bring coffee prices lower but whether or not dollar strength will continue or not will be a significant factor in future price action in coffee.  Growing demand, globally, is bullish for coffee prices over the long term.





Wheat and corn prices came down week-over-week.  Today, wheat futures are rebounding from a five-week low on speculation that demand will increase from livestock producers seeking an alternative to higher-prices corn as a feed grain. 







Below is a selection of comments from management teams pertaining to grain prices from recent earnings calls.



PNRA (7/27/11): “Just to note on the cost of wheat, in 2011 overall, the per-bushel cost will be about the same as 2010 due to our laddering purchasing strategy.”


“We are going to take price in the fourth quarter. This price will offset dollar for dollar the per-bushel inflation of wheat of approximately $3 a quarter that we're going to see in the fourth quarter of this year and then across next year”


“We do continue to expect significant inflationary pressures in 2012, 4% to 5% food inflation, $10 million of unfavorability on wheat costs, which means that we don't expect operating margin much better than flat to full-year 2011 in 2012.”


HEDGEYE:  Wheat costs have come down but it remains unclear whether or not the current easing of grain prices will continue.  Weak global demand and a stronger dollar are currently trumping the adverse impact on supply due to weather and fires in the U.S.  Slowing demand may also mean lower sales for PNRA, so it remains to be seen if margins improve from this effect, even if high wheat costs come down.



DPZ (7/26/11): “We're fairly locked in on our chicken, locked in on our wheat into – partway into next year.”


PZZA (8/4/11): “We're actually covered through Q1 from a contract standpoint. So from a supply chain disruption or even significant price impact we don't anticipate anything between now and the end of the year.”





Chicken wing prices are up 20% from the year-to-date low in June.  On a longer term basis, there is plenty of room for chicken wing prices to run higher, as the second chart below shows.  It is likely, unless the increase in prices escalates further from here, that chicken wing price growth will remain negative, year-over-year, until the second half of 2012.  BWLD has reaped significant rewards from declining wing prices over the last year but this tailwind could be in the process of turning around at this point.


WEEKLY COMMODITY MONITOR - chicken wings 914


WEEKLY COMMODITY MONITOR - chicken wing prices long term



Howard Penney

Managing Director


Rory Green




While we agree, what does that say about valuations 2 months and 30% ago when Goldman had a Buy rating on the sector?



Goldman is passing itself off as a contrarian on Lodging because he is bullish.  We’re bullish too but only as of very recently.  GS has been bullish all the way through the recent carnage.  This reminds me of the market perma-bulls in March of 2009 who patted themselves on the back because they called the March low – after calling the Feb low, the Jan low, the December low, well you get the picture.  Even a broken clock is right twice a day.


GS lowered their 2012 RevPAR forecast to +4-5% due to economic concerns which begs a couple of questions.  One, what were you doing at 5-7% in the first place?  Second, what is the value add to make a change after the stocks have corrected 30%? The stock market is a discounting mechanism after all.  We’re projecting 3-4% RevPAR growth but that is splitting hairs.  The reality will likely be that if our target is reached, these stocks are going higher.


We certainly agree with Goldman’s assertion that valuations are reasonable now.  However, if they are only reasonable now, how did they characterize them when the stocks were 30% higher?  Looks like the term was “attractive”.  Not sure I would characterize that as shrewd analysis.


We would characterize the current valuations as more than reasonable or even attractive.  MAR, for instance, is trading right at its March 2009 trough.  HOT is trading at 7.5x 2012 EV/EBITDA.  This isn’t just a valuation call either.  We actually think YoY RevPAR growth will accelerate the rest of the year from the July/August lows which will allay fears of massive earnings reductions.  See our recent positive lodging posts "LODGING: REVPAR REVS UP (9/9/11)" and “IT’S NOT THE ECONOMY STUPID! (8/25/11)."


Notable macro data points, news items, and price action pertaining to the restaurant space.






Full service restaurants outperformed for a second straight day.  Over the past three months, the subsector has been severely beaten down, declining almost 13%.


THE HBM: WEN, MCD, MRT - subsectors fbr




  • WEN is testing four prototypical new store designs, one of which is described in an article posted on yesterday.  MCD is clearly putting pressure on competitors to keep up with its modernization of its store base.
  • MCD advertisements shown by Channel Seven in Australia during children’s TV programming have earned the broadcaster censure from the broadcasting watchdog.



  • MRT was reiterated “Overweight” at Piper Jaffray with a $9 price target. “Travel data” was highlighted as a key factor in the “high-end consumer recovery thesis” related to this stock.

THE HBM: WEN, MCD, MRT - stocks 914



Howard Penney

Managing Director


Rory Green


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