Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: Nailing Divergences

Conclusion: In what was a soft week from an equity performance perspective, we saw a couple key positive divergences where we expected them in – Chinese equities and Indonesian equities. On the currency side, a negative divergence from the AUD suggests prices may begin to support our bearish thesis.


This is the second installment of our now-weekly recap of prices, economic data, and key policy action throughout Asia. We’re aiming to keep our prose tight here, so if you’d like to dialogue more deeply regarding anything you see below, please reach out to us at .




In what was a soft week from an equity performance perspective, we saw a couple key positive divergences where we expected them in – Chinese equities and Indonesian equities. On the currency side, a negative divergence from the AUD suggests prices may begin to support our bearish thesis. From a credit perspective, Asian CDS didn't buy the hype associated with the European "stress" tests and backed up accordingly.


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: Nailing Divergences - 1


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: Nailing Divergences - 2


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Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: Nailing Divergences - 4


Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: Nailing Divergences - 5


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Weekly Asia Risk Monitor: Nailing Divergences - 8




China: YoY CPI (+6.4%) and PPI (+7.1%) accelerated in June (the former to a 3yr-high). We remain bullish on Chinese equities as CPI and monetary tightening expectations recede in 2H. China’s decision to incrementally invest in agricultural and pork supplies is incrementally bearish for CPI (137bps of June’s headline increase was due to rising pork prices). Copper imports rose for the first time in three months in June – supportive of China’s solid June/2Q economic data.


Japan: PPI accelerated to +2.5% YoY and, not surprisingly, the BoJ responded by keeping interest rates at zero percent. We continue to believe ZIRP has many unintended consequences over the long-term TAIL – not the least of which is structurally depressed growth rates. Despite nearly two decades of aggressive easing, Japan’s average YoY Real GDP growth has trended at a 0.85% pace. Email us for our Japan’s Jugular presentation if you also believe this time is NOT different.


India: The IPO market has slumped -80% YoY largely due to weakness in the equity market, which we are becoming incrementally more positive on after having been appropriately bearish since early November. As it relates to our outstanding concerns, this week provided a lot of clarity and pushes them closer to the rear-view mirror. Among them were Chief Economic Advisor C Rangarajan’s near-capitulation on India achieving its deficit reduction target in the current fiscal year, as well as a sequential slowing of YoY Industrial Production growth in May. Headline inflation via the WPI series accelerated in June to +9.4% YoY. We expect it to peak in August, but remain sticky and much higher than the government and the central bank’s official +6% target by March 2012.


South Korea: The Unemployment Rate held flat at 3.3% in June as Household Credit growth accelerated in the same month to +6.1% YoY, supporting a positive near-term view for Korean consumption growth. Slowing Discount and Department Store Sales growth in June pares back any optimism on his front, however. Also, Money Supply (M2) growth at a seven-year low in May (+3.7% YoY) suggests there is perhaps more cause for concern as it relates to aggregate economic activity going forward. That is among the reasons the Bank of Korea kept its Benchmark Policy Rate flat at 3.25% - in addition to lowering its 2011 GDP forecast -20bps to +4.3% and increasing its 2011 CPI forecast to +10bps to +4%.


Australia: Prime Minister Julia Gillard released the details of her controversial carbon emissions tax and, as expected, it was not well-received by the private sector. As Australian growth looks to slow, we think unpopular policies like these may ultimately cost the now-unpopular Gillard her job. To the former point, falling Consumer Confidence (July 92.8 vs. 101.2 prior), sequentially slowing Business Confidence (0 in June vs. 6 prior), slowing Corporate Investment (Corporate Deposit-to-Loan Ratio up to 1.25x vs. 1.15x prior), and a downwardly-sloping House Price Outlook (from +0.6% NTM in 1Q to -1.4% NTM in 2Q) all suggest the economy is headed into a protracted slowdown. We’ve been early and right on the slope of Aussie economic growth and as our Deflating the Inflation theme plays out globally, we expect the Aussie dollar (AUD) to experience a decent correction. The interest rate futures market is now pricing in an RBA rate cut as early as December. When we turned bearish from a research perspective, traders were pricing in a rate hike as early as last month.


New Zealand: Nearly the polar opposite of Australia from a data perspective, New Zealand’s REINZ House Price Index accelerated in June to +14.8% YoY vs. +10.8% YoY prior. Further, strong (albeit lagging) 1Q11 GDP data (+0.8% QoQ vs. +0.5% QoQ prior) was a positive for the Kiwi dollar (up +0.9% week-over-week). Declining Consumer Confidence is a cause for concern here, with the ANZ Index ticking down in July to 109.4 vs. 112.5 prior.


Thailand: The Pheu Thai continues to make headlines with its populist policy objectives, as an unnamed source in the Ministry of Finance leaked that the party is looking to increase the current year’s fiscal deficit by +14.8% in short order. The Bank of Thailand responded appropriately and hiked rates +25bps to 3% and officially cited the new government’s planned fiscal spending and minimum wage initiatives as reasons to front-load the taming of inflationary expectations. From a long-term TAIL perspective, we think they are just getting started.


Singapore: As we expected, Singapore’s 2Q GDP report was a bomb. Growth on both a YoY basis and QoQ basis slowed dramatically to +0.5% and -7.8%, respectively. Each of the three main components (Manufacturing, Construction, and Services) slowed sequentially on a YoY basis, indicating broad-based weakness throughout the economy. Additionally, slowing Private Home Sales growth (-25% MoM in June) suggests the government’s YTD efforts to reduce property prices are having an effect on the supply/demand dynamics of this market.


Indonesia: Bank Indonesia (the nation’s central bank) kept its Benchmark Policy Rate flat at 6.75% and stated that inflation may end the year below 5% - exactly what our models have been telling us. We remain bullish of Indonesian equities as growth looks to bottom out in 2Q/3Q alongside the potential for interest rate cuts.


Darius Dale


Shorting Peru

Conclusion: Over the next few years, we expect investors to negatively reset their expectations for Peru’s long-term growth potential as a result of structurally higher inflation and interest rates (provided the central bank is allowed to remain independent). That’s bearish for Peruvian equities and we’ll look to short strength on rallies over the long-term TAIL absent a change in political strategies by new President Ollanta Humala.


Position: Short Peruvian Equities (EPU).


This afternoon, we added a short position in Peruvian equities to our Virtual Portfolio.  We written extensively on our long-term outlook for Peru and are using today’s “strength” (Lima General up +13bps) to express our conviction in a core belief that Big Government Intervention (via a measured shift towards socialism in Peru’s case) is negative for the long-term health of any functioning economy. Simply put, we think newly elected President Ollanta Humala will grow increasingly motivated to over-tax the country’s vast mineral resource initiatives, as well as use pension funds and potentially FX reserves in an attempt to push his populist agenda.


Any attempts on Humala’s behalf to run the currency devaluation/overregulation strategies of his long-time mentor, President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela, and we’re likely to see a measured uptick in CPI in Peru over the long-term TAIL. That’s bullish for Peruvian interest rates and bearish for Peruvian growth, and we’d argue that the long-term expectations for both require an adjustment that is negative for Peruvian equities. Some would argue that the “Humala effect” is priced in with the Lima General down -13.4% YTD, but we firmly believe the process by which the market resets the aforementioned expectations will be one that plays out over the long-term TAIL.


Shorting Peru - 1


Near-term, however (we prefer to keep our catalysts as close in duration as possible on the short side), we think Peruvian growth is slowing. In fact, Peru’s monthly Real GDP growth slowed to +0.47% MoM in May, good for the slowest pace in over a year and our models portend more downside from a YoY perspective for at least the next two quarters. From an inflation perspective, easy comps will supply upward pressure to Peru’s YoY CPI over the intermediate-term trend. Indeed, Peru is one of the few countries we model that won’t necessarily see the full benefit of our Deflating the Inflation thesis playing out in the commodity complex.


Net-net, we’re short Peru and the future socialism embedded therein. For more background on this thesis, please refer to our April 27 report titled: “Everyone’s a Winner – Except Peru”.


Darius Dale



Shorting Peru - 2


Keith just covered CBRL in the Hedgeye Virtual Portfolio as the stock is immediate term TRADE oversold.  Both the quantitative and fundamental setups are bearish on the intermediate term TREND duration.     


I hold a cynical view of the CBRL announcement today.  My impression even before today's "news" was that they were going to miss the quarter and today’s headline only confirms that view.  The charge the company is taking, estimated to be between $0.14 and $0.17, is related to the reduction of staff and management levels.


Why do you think CBRL made the decision now to get religion on the cost structure?  The answer is clear; they are going to miss the quarter.  There is also a possibility that an activist investor may be exerting some pressure on the company's management team.


As the chart below illustrates, the stock is immediate-term TRADE oversold from a quantitative perspective.  While Keith covered the stock in the Hedgeye Virtual Portfolio this afternoon, the intermediate term TREND setup remains bearish.


CBRL - A CLASSIC MOVE      - cbrl quant setup



Howard Penney

Managing Director


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The Week Ahead

The Economic Data calendar for the week of the 18th of July through the 22nd is full of critical releases and events.  Attached below is a snapshot of some (though far from all) of the headline numbers that we will be focused on.


The Week Ahead - lac1

The Week Ahead - lac2



HEDGEYE MACRO 3Q11 THEMES: Policy Pong, Risk Ranger & Chinese Cowboys


July 15, 2011


Valued Client,

Hedgeye's Macro Team, led by CEO Keith McCullough and DOR Daryl G. Jones, recently hosted their quarterly themes conference call. The key topics included: 

  • Policy Pong - Between the debt ceiling debate, spiraling sovereign debt issues in Europe, and updated growth/inflation dynamics, the Fiat Fools will continue to play monetary and fiscal policy pong, which will inform the EUR/USD exchange rate.
  • Risk Ranger - Given the sharp oscillations in investor sentiment and the danger of Fiat Fool experimentation, many global asset classes are range bound and keeping these ranges in focus will be key to managing risk over the intermediate term.
  • Chinese Cowboys - In a marriage of research and timing, we are long China. We believe inflation and the pace of tightening in China will moderate in 2H and that fear has made Chinese growth cheap.




Should either of the links fail to work, please copy/paste it into the URL of your browser. If you have any follow-up questions please email us at .



The Hedgeye Macro Team


Not surprisingly, the University of Michigan consumer sentiment index plunged in July. 


It’s not a great time to be an American consumer as confidence in Washington’s ability to run the country effectively wanes.  No doubt the current debt ceiling debate is doing little to boost consumers’ perception of their representatives. 


Today it was reported that confidence fell 7.7 points sequentially to 63.8 in June, the biggest decline since March and the lowest level since March 2009.  The expectations component led the decline, dropping 9 points to 55.8 (lowest level since March 2009) and the assessments of current conditions dropped 5.7 points to 76.3 (lowest level since November 2009).  This is not a shock to anyone paying attention to the data; the economic drivers of confidence remain very weak.


The remedies required to address the serious fiscal issues facing the U.S., “eating peas” at the President calls it, are likely to impact growth negatively – at least initially.  At the same time, politicians’ inability to address the nation’s debt is a serious concern for consumers’ confidence. 


The decline in confidence comes on the same day that the New York Empire State Manufacturing Survey's weaker than anticipated.  This survey is the first look at factory conditions during the month of July. Within the survey, the employment indicators weakened significantly; the employment index barely stayed in expansionary territory, falling from 10.2 to 1.1 in July. The average employee workweek (hours) index fell sharply from -2 to -15.6.


Looking at the overall set up, confidence and manufacturing data are decidedly bearish.  This bearishness is being compounded by a volatile political climate.  The uncertainty is hurting business confidence, which is discouraging hiring and impairing income growth.  While I would like to strike a more positive tone this Friday afternoon, the preponderance of the evidence suggests that confidence will remain in the doldrums for, at least, the immediate term.





Howard Penney

Managing Director

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