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The Positive Yield Curve Trade: Energy and Financials

Both Energy and the Financials are leading gainers in our SP500 Sector analysis today. The XLF and XLE are trading up +5% and +3% respectively, with the SPY +1.5%. Both sectors flashed the same positive divergences yesterday (see chart). Why?

I think it might be as simple as the steepening of the yield curve, which is both inflationary and positive for financial spreads. The one thing that's occurred in the last 48 hours of global market trading is that cost of capital has risen in conjunction with the US$ weakening.

Simplicity is at the core of complexity theory. That's what we use within our multi factor risk management model here at Research Edge LLC. That’s the math, and we’re sticking to it.

Flinging Bananas

Consider the following two Bloomberg quotes/assessments of the zoo keeper, Hank Paulson, showing his stripes and bailing out his banking buddies this morning:

1. ``Distasteful'' … ``not consistent with a capitalistic system''…``But however distasteful, they are necessary to restore stability to the financial system.''
2. ``We're looking today at an absolute sea change in the global financial system in terms of liquidity,'' …``This could be the time that breaks the back of the credit crisis.''

The first quote was from a man with credibility. The second is from a man who lost his. Paul Volcker is the non-group thinking and unpopular Wall Street fighting man who understands economic cycles and how to manage them. CEO of Blackstone, Steve Schwarzman, is the man who doesn’t have a business without a re-liquefied ‘Investment Banking Inc.”, and sold stock en masse into the public after levering up American banks with rotten bananas.

As for me – as many astute and underperforming “hedgies” will ask, “who the heck are you?” Well, I’m just a slow running marathon man in training for the Icelandic snow shoe race. Given that Iceland’s stock market just opened down -76% this morning, I’m thinking that airfare and hotels should be pretty cheap, and I definitely have a better shot of not coming in last up there.

Yes, I’m smiling this morning… partly because watching this whole Paulson zoo is entertaining, and partly because we had our biggest up day in well over a year yesterday in the ‘Hedgeye Portfolio’. How can’t a man smile? All the way from New Haven, I can hear the monkeys in the Bronx zoo clanging their hands together and screaming this morning. All of them made money on the long side yesterday – I hope. It was one of the biggest up days in the history of stock markets. You should pay me the equivalent of the surcharge they tack on to bring your kids into the petting zoo to perform on a day like that, not 2 and 20!

Bring out the bananas and lets all swing from the light fixtures this morning. “The bottom is in!”… “I love fertilizer stocks”… “this is a generational opportunity”… c’mon – let’s get serious.

Intraday yesterday, my Macro Research Captain, Daryl Jones, posted a note to our RE Macro clients to “let them run”, and we put ourselves on the tape with an immediate term target on the S&P500 that was higher. This morning that sell signal immediate term “Trade” target for the S&P500 is 1025.11. We’ll be selling some of the equity exposure that we bought last week at that level. We’ll also be re-shorting a lot of the stocks that we covered, fortuitously, last week. Sell high, buy low.

Geographically, in Asia, we remain bullish on China and Hong Kong. We remain bearish on Japan and India. After the shorts were squeezed for a +12% move yesterday in the India Fund (IFN), we started to short it. This morning, Japanese stocks re-opened post Monday’s holiday, and closed up a massive +14.2%. We will likely be re-shorting Japan via the EWJ exchange traded fund that we covered when it was down. Sell high, buy low.

European stock markets are flying from the tree top branches again this morning, chirping like this is easy. We are naked long Europe via our position in Germany’s ETF, the EWG, which was yielding over 11% when we bought it. In looking at what to sell against it (yes, hedging is cool on up days), the British are front and center on our macro screens this morning. The UK printed a surprisingly inflationary consumer inflation report for September of +5.2% y/y. That’s the highest inflation rate they have shown us since 1997, and this has happened despite commodities melting down. Why? Well, it’s pretty straightforward… their currency has been in free fall, and that imports inflation. British stagflation will get them a short order from us this morning via the EWU exchange traded fund. Sell high, buy low.

Not all hedge funds have our performance year to date. Maybe that’s why I annoy some of them so much, but then again, if some of those guys actually kept on the trades that they emailed me about in Q3, they have probably been fired by now. David Einhorn, who I respect, has been a standout for nailing the Lehman short call, but (per Bloomberg) even he lost something on the order of -17% in September – some of that has to be due to the good ole boy’s up there at “Investment Banking Inc” who banned short selling in the financials (and the consumer, aerospace, etc…) stocks with that mid month changing of the rules on the fly. If Einhorn was down that much, you should be scared to see some of the banana flinger’s numbers that have yet to be released.

Back from the zoo and over to reality, the most important macro move this morning is that the US Dollar is breaking my short term momentum indicator on the downside (inflationary). That level in the US$ Index is $81.07, and it should be monitored as closely as CNBC might actually monitor the TED Spread today (barring any caricatures of Goldilocks skipping across the screen stealing the real estate). Spreads are wide. Bonds are weakening. The Paulson plan is to bail out his buddies, and that is net net negative for Americas balance sheet. Throwing $10B each over to the boys on the bench at Goldman and Morgan Stanley is what he is doing this morning. Dick Fuld must be sitting there wondering, ‘hey – where is my banana?!?’

Good luck out there today,


The Teflon Don of the gaming industry finally punted. I caught wind of this in Macau last week and wrote about WYNN’s VIP market share loss yesterday in “MACAU MARKET SHARE MANIA”. The magnitude of the sequential decline was a surprise, however, due in part to an increase in bad debt expense. It does appear that the company is being appropriately conservative with regards to increasing the uncollectible reserve. The performance of Wynn Las Vegas did not surprise me and investors should take note of how difficult the Las Vegas environment has become. While controlled by Beijing, at least Macau demand remains strong.

  • In the two charts, I’ve looked at some key metrics for Wynn Macau and Wynn Las Vegas. In addition to some seasonality, the sequential downturn at Wynn Macau is attributable to visa restrictions affecting mass market volume and higher junket commission rates at WYNN’s competitors. Not much to say on Wynn Las Vegas. A 12% decline in slot volume was probably the biggest negative surprise while RevPAR held up relatively well. I don’t see a turn here for awhile but WYNN should outperform, if that means anything.
  • So what now? If one is positive on Macau long term, which I am, one has to like WYNN. The visa situation will get better, in my opinion. Wynn Macau is a fantastic property and he really seems to have the market figured out. The service levels are unbelievable. The Encore addition will open next year and WYNN maintains a cheap option on Cotai as well. I think Wynn Macau is one of, if not the prime beneficiary of a potential junket commission cap. In my view, escalating junket commissions are the only reason he has lost VIP share.
  • Most important in today’s credit crisis world: WYNN is on the right side of the liquidity trade with PENN and BYD.
Uncompetitive junket commission rates, seasonality, and the visa restrictions drove the sequential downturn
Slot handle decline most indicative of the tough environment

Stability Amidst Volatility: Charting China's Trade Balance ...

Chinese Trade Surplus data came in at a historic high as rising exports suggested that rate cuts have indeed provided the desired stimulus to the economy as manufactures swung back into full production post Olympics and imports began to realize declines in the relative cost of raw commodities.

Export data showed growth continuing in high margin heavy manufactured products and electronics while exports of lower margin consumer products decline.

The narrative that the market is buying into continues to be the relative resilience of the Chinese economy as expanding domestic demand partially offsets global weakness.

Andrew Barber

Eye on Trust...

One of our head correspondents in Asia wrote me a note this morning saying Keith "if they protest in Singapore..."

For those of you who have never been, they don't strike or protest much at all in Singapore. If they do, they take care of business in a park allocated for protests called "Speakers' Corner" - it's basically the only outdoor space where the government of Singapore signs off on public criticism.

If Wall Street thinks they are free and clear of all of the compromises that are associated with lying to and/or misleading Asian investors, they better think long and hard about that again...

  • This, I fear, is only the beginning. It can take a lifetime to earn people's trust, and a few stupid decisions to lose it.
Reuters Picture by Vivek Prakash


As you can see my last few posts, I’m getting positive on Macau. Look, the near term is challenging, no doubt, and the Q3 earnings releases won’t look pretty. However, the intermediate and long term fundamentals are unmatched anywhere else in gaming. There is significant excess demand and Beijing controls the spigot through visa restrictions. If you believe, like I do, that Beijing will be supportive of controlled, moderate growth than you have to be positive on Macau and the Macau stocks. My top down industry perspective is buffeted by Keith McCullough’s macro analysis. Research Edge is positive on China!

Timing and how to invest are the issues. The timing of Beijing’s next move is not clear but I’m fairly certain it will be a positive one. In the meantime, the monthly numbers will not look great. To me, that is not important. The other tricky part is how to play Macau from a public equity perspective. Each company has its issues: WYNN is losing market share, LVS has liquidity issues, MGM Macau is less than 5% of MGM’s EBITDA, and all three have Las Vegas exposure. MPEL will likely report a disastrous Q3 but is a Macau pure play and may be interesting after the quarter.

  • In terms of market share, the charts to the right analyze the sequential change in market share for the major properties/players by total baccarat revenue and VIP turnover. We are looking at VIP turnover separately because small changes in hold percentage can swing revenue dramatically. Turnover is a better indicator of underlying demand. Additionally, with escalating junket commissions as of late, it is instructive to examine the impact.
  • The notable Q3 deviants from Q2 on the positive side are the LVS properties; Sands and Venetian. Junket commissions at these properties are now among the highest in the market which will show up negatively in the margins. MGM also raised junket commissions and gained share sequentially. On the downside, MPEL’s Crown and Wynn lost meaningful share. Crown’s junket partner, AMAX, pulled back on credit relative to Q2. Wynn has been stubborn on its commission rates, rightly or wrongly, and lost share in Q3. Q3 revenues could disappoint when WYNN announces Q3 earnings in a few weeks.
  • Looking at total baccarat revenue market share, including VIP and mass market revenues, the sequential trends were similar to VIP turnover, with a few, subtle differences. Wynn Macau’s revenue share did decline but less than its share of VIP turnover. Wynn held at about its average VIP percentage but Crown and Galaxy’s hold percentage was much lower than average in Q3 which drove the market hold percentage below average. Wynn’s mass market revenue share was roughly flat Q2 to Q3. LVS held close to average so VIP turnover drove its sequential increase in market share.

Daily Trading Ranges

20 Proprietary Risk Ranges

Daily Trading Ranges is designed to help you understand where you’re buying and selling within the risk range and help you make better sales at the top end of the range and purchases at the low end.