Vietnamese Dominos

The highest inflation rate in 16 years out of Vietnam should not be ignored. The dominos could very well fall in a path that leads to footwear bankruptcies and M&A.

Last night, Hanoi government officials reported 28% growth in inflation, and cut economic growth estimates to 6.5-7% from 8%. “Our goals are to achieve 7% economic growth, and inflation at 25%.” Gee guys, thanks for aiming high in the most stagflationary environment Vietnam has seen since the mid-1990s.
  • The good news for the footwear and apparel industry is that exposure here is not huge – only 4% of US consumption is sourced in Vietnam. Not the case for Nike and Adidas, however. These guys have more diversified manufacturing bases, but source roughly 1/3 of their respective footwear in Vietnam (Nike is 33%, and Adi is 30%).
  • This scares me big-time. And it’s got to be scaring the two largest footwear companies in the industry. This will pressure margins in calendar ’09, and more importantly, it will cause disruption for the little guys that they’re not currently planning for.
  • Think about it… Nike wakes up one morning and realizes that it needs to pay an extra 20% to cover wages in Vietnam. Yes, it will make its partner there whole to some degree. But it will also find capacity in China, Indonesia and Thailand that is currently occupied by smaller competitors, and muscle them out of their space.
  • This is bad for Nike and bad for Adi, but will not destroy their margins. This will take margins away from everyone else in the industry, who will try as hard as possible to push the pain off to the next guy in line. This is when marginal brands and retailers take a massive hit (Skechers, Brown Shoe, DSW, and even Dick’s), the big guys hang in there and print numbers that are ‘less bad’ than the group, and good brands with poor management teams get taken out (Timberland).
  • This space is going to be fun…
Don't ignore the inflation trend in Vietnam!
Nike and Adidas are well diversified (away from China) but are over-exposed to Vietnam for sourcing product.

And the Unemployment River Card Is... A Six.1

On 8/21/08 I posted a note titled "Get Ready For A 6-7% Unemployment Rate "... so this morning's "surprise" to the Street is not one to you or to us. Accountability and Transparency is paramount to our research promise.

This morning's unemployment rate was printed at +6.1%. This is a new 5 year high. No, this is not good - but it's not a new revelation to people who aren't living Wall Street's narrative fallacy that the global market contagion wouldn’t spill over to Main Street.

We are still early innings of an accelerating unemployment cycle. This isn't just about the "credit cycle". See the "Trend" in US jobless claims below. Math is hard to debate.

Liquidity Watch: Revisiting the TED Spread Charts

Spreads continue to widen. This isn't new - people are just being forced to pay attention to it. Andrew Barber updated both the 6 month and 10 year charts of the TED Spread below (3 month US Treasuries vs. 3 month LIBOR).

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US Market Is Oversold, Finally, For a "Trade"...

My model has an S&P500 downside oversold target level of 1221.98. I've been getting longer in the last hour for a "Trade". The downward "Trend" in this market remains, but I am deploying more of this concentrated virtual cash position I've been carrying.

I've moved from 81% to 79% cash.


The Excalibur is trying an interesting experiment with important ramifications for the industry, both good and bad. The poker floor at the casino is now completely automated (no dealers). In no way am I predicting a dealer free casino environment any time soon. However, it is conceivable at some point. Remember, people thought a coinless slot floor couldn’t exist until SunCoast opened with 100% ticket in/ticket out machines. Shuffle Master, IGT, and Aristocrat all offer electronic blackjack, roulette, craps, etc. These electronic table systems (ETS) are completely interactive; patrons actually play at the same table together, just without dealers. SHFL is on an annual revenue run rate of almost $30m from ETS so it is already a real business.

So what are the benefits? The clear positive to the gaming industry of ETS is reduced labor costs. To get an idea of magnitude, roughly half of MGM’s revenues goes to labor. The employee base is not comprised of all dealers, of course. But could MGM improve EBITDA margins by 10% by eliminating dealers? Holding everything else constant, maybe.

The key, as always, is the consumer. If the consumer doesn’t embrace ETS then it won’t happen, no matter how much labor it saves. The cost benefits of cashless gaming were apparent long before SunCoast proved the consumer would adapt. The second hurdle may already be tripping up Excalibur. Nobody wants to lose their job. New technology always displaces and disrupts and ETS would be no different. As the Las Vegas Review-Journal reported, some dealers are vocally not happy with MGM. A total of 40 dealers were let go, although the company did promise to find them jobs at other MGM casinos. I’ve written extensively on the growing influence of labor unions on the gaming industry, particularly if Obama wins the presidency. ETS would be one more issue for the labor bosses to pounce on.

Poker ETS at Excalibur

Resolution & Trust?

“I’ll study and get ready, and then…the chance will come”
-Abraham Lincoln

Those who have proactively prepared for this global financial tsunami are going to be rewarded in the coming months. Repeatable success in business and in life is a function of seizing opportunity when others are preoccupied reacting to what you already prepared for. From US politicians to Japanese bureaucrats to Russian oligarchs – reacting to a global financial crisis will now be their cross to bear.

No, this isn’t an “I told you so” note – it’s a “pay attention to the facts” one. This is not a time to get cute with rhetoric. Global access to capital continues to tighten in the face of slowing global economic growth. We didn’t need Bill Gross to tell us that – this storm’s been pounding the global beach heads consistently for the last 9 months.

In Europe, Jean Claude Trichet continues to tighten capital requirements because he understands that lending bailout money to investment bankers who do not have a risk management process is going to amplify the financial crisis, not ease it. In Japan, the government is talking about issuing another 500B Yen in debt this morning, because they still don’t get it – anytime they see storms, they lever up the boat, and hand one another the bailout pails. In Russia, Putin had to have the government intervene in the currency market yesterday selling down at least $4 Billion in reserves to support the Ruble. The Russian stock market is getting hammered by the geopolitical hurricane vote again this morning, trading down another -4.8%, taking its cumulative losses since we issued our “Fading Fast Money” call on 5/19/08 to -42%!

As ridiculous as the financial market entertainers sound is what it is here in the U.S.A. Our children will look back on CNBC’s most popular shows, “Mad Money” and “Fast Money”, like I do when I read about tulip manias. From China to fertilizer stocks to Brazil, this was the loudest global stock market mania in world history. If you think that’s alarmist, don’t blame me – blame the revisionist historians who will start to reflect on as much with hindsight.

My most recent ‘Hedgeye Portfolio’ positioning (which goes “live” on our Portal this morning at has been that cash is king. With yesterday’s -3% US market down move, I took the opportunity to move from 85% to 81% cash. I can assure you that I have taken on my fair share of criticism for suggesting that Wall Street still isn’t “Bearish Enough”, but that’s ok – I’m always up early and ready for a faceoff with the financial gurus of this game. Goldman is downgrading Merrill this morning – gee, thanks. The US Dollar has now moved +10% since its July 14th low. That’s not partisan politics, that’s a financial reality.

“So what do I do now Mr. Mucker”? “What overly confident genius can you offer me this morning from your soap box in New Haven”? I’ll save some of my critics the keystrokes and front run this morning’s predictable run of inbound emails. My answer will remain the same as it has been. Drop the crack berries and the latest “Fast Money” butterfly wing nut technical strategy, and find a repeatable process. Prepare proactively for the next leg of this storm. Warren Buffett will offer similar simple advice – read, and do your own work. If you’re more of an artist with your portfolio, I’ll submit Michelangelo’s view, “genius is eternal patience.”

Speaking of genius, on everyone’s required reading list in this business is “When Genius Failed”, the rise and fall of Long Term Capital Management. Remember that LTCM was born out of the last financial leverage cycle. They had all of the “smart” people that a hedge fund could assemble on one P&L. Bear in mind that a lot of hedge funds are compensation structures, not well run businesses. LTCM blew up, and had to be bailed out by Wall Street. This time around, who is going to bailout the geniuses that created this mess? Hedge funds are blowing up, but so are private equity firms, and sovereign governments. As everything commodities melts down, the cash in the “Sovereigns” coffers is deflating. Who is going to have the liquidity, the understanding, and the patience?

Father Free Money, Alan Greenspan, is on the tape this morning with a predictable answer to these questions – the US Government! Greenspan is on the record saying that it’s time to empower US Congress ala “Resolution Trust Corp” ghost of Christmas past…

Resolution and Trust – powerful concepts, indeed. Maybe people are figuring out that this global market has neither, yet…


Hedgeye Statistics

The total percentage of successful long and short trading signals since the inception of Real-Time Alerts in August of 2008.

  • LONG SIGNALS 80.46%
  • SHORT SIGNALS 78.35%